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History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The immediate and long-term effects of the conquest on the Aztecs OR Incas as well as on the wider world (ACDSEH075)

Elaborations
  • investigating the impact of conquest on the indigenous populations of the Americas (for example, the introduction of new diseases, horses and gunpowder) and the wider world (for example, the introduction of crops such as maize, beans, potatoes, tobacco and chocolate from the Americas to Europe and increased wealth in Europe)
  • explaining the longer-term effects of conquest and colonisation on the indigenous populations of the Americas (for example, the unequal distribution of land and wealth; slavery; and political inequality)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Cultural interaction,  Invasion,  American history,  Mexican history,  Peruvian history,  Introduced species

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Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

Online

The mighty Aztecs

Who were the MÄ“xihcah? Discover the rich and brutal history of the Aztec culture and the birth of Modern Mexico.

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Unmasking the Maya: preserving the culture

This resource is chiefly about the preservation of the Maya culture in the USA. It covers the Maya Indians today, the rich ancient Maya culture that existed from 500 BCE to 1519 CE, when the Spanish conquered them, and those Maya who emigrate today to the USA in search of a better life. The resource presents the Monkey ...

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

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Memory in 'My Place'

Sally Morgan's autobiography, 'My Place', recounts the experiences of the author, her mother and her grandmother. Why do the panellists in this video think it is such an important book? What issues does it address?

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The seeds of independence in British-ruled India

Discover the origins of the movement for Indian independence and the response of the British government. In this clip from a 1965 University of the Air program, Hugh Owen of the University of NSW discusses how British rule unintentionally brought about its own demise.

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Learn to count in Kaurna!

Presenter Taylor Power-Smith helps us learn to count to ten in Kaurna, the Indigenous language of the Kaurna people of Adelaide and the Adelaide Plains. 

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Participating in the Woolgoolga community

How do you gain a sense of belonging in an unfamiliar place, especially one that has very different beliefs and customs from your own? One way is to do as the locals do. This clip explores the importance, for Sikh migrants, of working and socialising with the residents of their new home in the northern New South Wales town ...

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Out and about with the Nyul Nyul Rangers

Come on a journey to Beagle Bay, north of Broome in Western Australia, to meet a group called the Nyul Nyul Rangers. Hear these rangers speak about their ongoing cultural and spiritual connection with the land and water that they help to protect. Watch them fish and hear how they teach survival practices to the younger generation.

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Ashoka the peace man

Discover a ruler of ancient India who abandoned violent conquest and bloodshed in favour of peace and respect for all living things, as taught by the Buddha. This clip examines evidence for a remarkable change in the life of Ashoka, the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in ancient India. This clip is second in a series of four.

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Hinduism in Tamil dynasties

How did Hinduism come to shape India? The ancient Hindu culture influenced Indian societies through the Middle Ages and into modern times. This clip from a 1965 episode of 'University of the Air' explores the influence of Hinduism on the Tamil dynasties of the Pallavas and Cholas in southern India. This is the last clip ...

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Thai Di's wild kitchen

Have you ever tasted Thai food? Ngamjit Anontaphan, or Thai Di to her friends, cooks Thai cuisine with Australian ingredients. She was born in Thailand but now lives in the Kimberley in Western Australia. Based on what she says in this video, what are some of the similarities between Australia and Thailand that may have ...

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Sweet, merry and bright Danish Christmas delights

How did people from Denmark celebrate Christmas in 1983? Kirsten and her mother cook traditional Danish biscuits and a special rice pudding with a hidden surprise. See how a Danish family might decorate their home for Christmas. Can you tell that this film was made a long time ago?

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Show me the evidence: finding proof of the Inca

Do you have a time machine? If not, how can you be certain that your understanding of history is correct? In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers what is known about the Inca Empire. He acknowledges there is much that we can't be sure of. This clip is ...

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Australian anthem

How old is the Australian anthem? Did you know that for a long time Australia had the same anthem as England? Watch this video to find out how, why and when we got our own anthem.

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Sikh women make Woolgoolga their home

Discover how life has changed, and stayed the same, for Sikh women who migrated to northern New South Wales' Banana Coast after World War 2. Woolgoolga might be a long way from India, but Sikh women were determined to maintain their traditional way of life in their new home.

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Modernising Japan in the Meiji era

The restoration of Emperor Meiji in 1868 ushered in a period of rapid change in Japan. The country not only borrowed practices and technologies from Western countries, in less than forty years it too had become an imperialist power. This clip is fifth in a series of six.

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Guulaangga, The Green Tree Frog

Listen to author and artist Aunty Gloria Whalan, as she tells the story of Guulaangga, the Green Tree Frog. Gloria is an elder of the Morwell community, though she grew up in Lithgow, NSW. Her people are the Wiradjuri, from around the Blue Mountains in NSW. This story is inspired by Gloria's experiences growing up on a ...

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What is Sikhism?

What do you know about the Sikh faith? Meet Harjit from the Australian Sikh Heritage Association and learn about the history of Sikhism. What are the three principles that Sikhs believe in? How do Sikhs express their religious identity? Harjit explains that Australian Army slouch hats have puggarees on them. What is a puggaree?

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Influences on Australian English

How has Australian English evolved since colonisation? Language experts Bruce Moore and Sue Butler explore the impact that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages have had on it. They discuss what this means for Australia's cultural identity. This clip was broadcast in 1998.