History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The organisation of the Mongol army under Genghis Khan and the treatment of conquered peoples, such as the codification of laws and exemption of teachers, lawyers and artists from taxes (ACDSEH077)

Elaborations
  • outlining Genghis Khan’s use of decimal organisation in his army and his policies for governing his empire (for example, codifying laws, banning the killing of animals in the breeding season, supporting religious freedom and expanding trade)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Armed forces,  Imperialism,  Indian history,  Chinese history,  Middle East history,  Mongolian history,  Legislation

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: democracy timeline

Use a timeline to find information about significant events and ideas in the development and evolution of democracy in the world, focusing on Australia. Nominate specific years or scroll from the latest date back to 0 (where events dated BC are listed).

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites – Ancient China

This resource outlines the geography, social structure and daily life of Ancient China. Includes links to interactive web resources and quizzes.

Collection

Anzac Portal

The Anzac Portal website provides historical and educational resources on Australia's wartime history including wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations from the Boer War through to the present. The site has collected together a vast collection of primary source materials including still and moving images, digital exhibitions ...

Moving Image

The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

Moving Image

Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

Image

The first Anzac Day Parade in Brisbane, 1916

This is a black-and-white photograph of the first Anzac Day march held in Brisbane on 25 April 1916 to mark the first anniversary of the landing of the Australian and New Zealand troops on Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The photograph was taken outside Brisbane's General Post Office in Queen Street. It shows soldiers on horseback ...

Video

Anzac Day in Gundagai in 1920 - asset 2

This is a short excerpt from a documentary about Gundagai's welcome home for the soldiers of Gundagai and surrounding districts returning from the First World War, filmed on Anzac Day in 1920. The excerpt shows a small crowd who have gathered, possibly at Gundagai's local hospital, to watch or take part in a two-up game.

Moving Image

How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

Image

Australian gold diggings, c1855

This is an oil painting measuring 70.5 cm x 90.3 cm, painted about 1855 by Edwin Stocqueler (1829-1895), showing men working on the Bendigo gold field in Victoria. The men are panning, puddling and cradling for gold on both sides of a stream in a tent-dotted valley. The valley is stark, with only a few trees remaining. ...

Moving Image

Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...

Interactive Resource

SMART Notebook: The technological legacy of Ancient China

This resource is an Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) resource examining inventions from Ancient China and their legacy in the modern world. Also contains activities about understanding historical time and working with timelines.

Moving Image

The Battle of Hastings, again!

How was England changed forever by one battle in 1066? In that year, a Norman army led by Duke William of Normandy sailed to England and defeated the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings. Visit the site of the battle during a re-enactment by medieval history buffs. This is the first of two clips.

Moving Image

Trebuchets and sieges

In medieval wars the trebuchet and other siege engines were used to attack castles and destroy defences. Trebuchets catapulted huge boulders, smashing down walls. They could also be used to fire diseased bodies and dead animals into a besieged castle or walled city.

Moving Image

Dirty tricks in 1066

How was William of Normandy able to defeat the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson in 1066 and become the king of England? The Norman's victory at Hastings marked the beginning of their complete conquest of England over the following few years. Discover the tactics of both sides in the Battle of Hastings. This clip is the second ...

Video

Naming of the Federal Capital of Australia, 1913: Telegraphists spread the news

This black-and-white silent clip from 12 March 1913 shows telegraphists and other individuals crowded into a temporary structure telegraphing news of the ceremony to name Canberra to Sydney, New South Wales. The intertitle, with typing error, announces that the telegraphists shown sitting behind their keyboards, wearing ...

Text

Year 8: democracy and law in action

This collection of resource sheets for students and teachers support investigations of the types of law in Australian and how laws are made through parliament and the courts. Activities introduce the concept of customary law and different perspectives about Australia's national identity. The resources are designed to provide ...

Moving Image

Knights

Who were medieval knights? How did you become a knight and what did a knight have to do? A medieval knight didn't just ride about on a war horse in shiny armour, go on crusade or joust in a tournament. Medieval knights had important responsibilities and duties to carry out.

Video

Naming of the Federal Capital of Australia: The Ceremony, 1913: Lord Denman, governor-general

This silent black-and-white clip shows governor-general Lord Denman at the ceremony to name Canberra on 12 March 1913. Lord Denman is seen arriving on horseback and then laying one of the foundation stones for the 'Commencement Column', flanked by prime minister Andrew Fisher, in ceremonial black coat and silk hat, and ...

Image

General Post Office, Brisbane, c1886

This is a black-and-white illustration of the General Post Office in Queen Street, Brisbane, Queensland, c1886. It shows some people outside the building, and others travelling past in a double-decker horse-drawn tram.

Image

A woman in her all-electric kitchen, Kiewa, 1945

This is a black-and-white photograph taken in 1945 of a woman in her all-electric kitchen. The woman was the wife of a Victorian State Electricity Commission (SEC) employee who was working on the Kiewa Hydro-electric Scheme in north-eastern Victoria.