History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The population movements and changing settlement patterns during this period (ACDSEH080)

Elaborations
  • examining changes to the population statistics of major cities during this period
  • investigating changes to the cities and landscape in European countries and Australia as the Industrial Revolution continued to develop, using photos (for example, those that were taken as the Eiffel Tower was being constructed using iron)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Industrialisation,  Migration,  Human settlements

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Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

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How did change accelerate?

This 12 minute video is divided into two parts and presents an overview of the rapid development of the modern world. Part 1 presents reasons for the exponential growth in the world's population over the last 500 years including the development of global networks and commerce and the discovery of fossil fuel energy, which ...

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Agricultural produce: livestock

This is a website about Australia's agricultural industry in the 20th century. It includes information about the sheep, cattle and dairy industries but has a significant focus on the wool industry. The resource details the importance of the wool industry to Australia's developing economy and how the wool industry changed ...

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Getting to market

This website is about transporting and selling produce at markets in Australia in the 19th and 20th centuries. It includes information about the methods and challenges of getting produce to market and how technological advancements in transport changed the produce industry. There is a section about the Sydney Market that ...

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Muslim journeys

This is a rich resource about the lives of Muslim people who came to Australia from Asia and Europe in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Developed by the National Archives of Australia, it consists of a historical essay by Hanifa Deen illustrated by a collection of archival documents and images. The resource has five tabs: ...

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Crops, horticulture and viticulture

This is a resource about Australia's plant-based farming industry in the 19th and 20th centuries. The resource focuses on the wheat, fruit and wine industries but also includes details about other crops such as barley and maize. The resource includes text, images, photos, and extracts and transcripts from historical documents. ...

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Australian Agricultural Company

This is a resource about the Australian Agriculture Company, Australia's oldest company, from its establishment in 1824 to the 20th century. It includes details about the initial purpose of the company, the key figures and families involved, the important decisions and the development of Australia's agriculture industry. ...

Dataset

The First Fleet - dataset

The dataset provides information about 780 of the convicts transported to Australia on the First Fleet ships 'Alexander', 'Charlotte', 'Lady Penrhyn', 'Friendship', 'Prince of Wales' and 'Scarborough' in 1788. The dataset includes information on items such as the convict's name, occupation, crime, date of trial and term ...

Interactive Resource

Muck and brass

This interactive game is about town planning in Britain during the Industrial Revolution. It focuses on towns that have experienced rapid growth due to industrialisation but which have poor air quality and no efficient sewage disposal. Students assume the role of advisor to a town councillor who wants to improve the health ...

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Boulton and Watt steam engine, 1785

This is a Boulton and Watt steam engine, a double-acting beam type made of cast and wrought iron. It was made by the firm of Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England, in 1785. It was used at Whitbread's Brewery in London between 1785 and 1887.

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Arriving during the gold rush in Melbourne, c1860s

This is a sepia-toned wood engraving made by Frederick Grosse (1828-94) from a sketch by Nicholas Chevalier (1828-1902), and titled 'Emigrants landing at Queen's Wharf Melbourne'. It measures 16.4 cm x 25.3 cm and was first published in an illustrated newspaper in the 1860s, during the final years of the gold rush.

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Map of Australian colonies, c1859-61

This is a hand-coloured map of Australia, printed between about 1859 and 1861, showing boundaries for what were then the colonies of Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. There is an area labelled 'North Australia', which includes the present-day Northern Territory and Queensland within the same ...

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Spinning mill animation

This resource is about spinning mills in 19th-century Britain. The animation shows how a spinning mill used line shafting to spin cotton. Students read text material, then view the stages of line shafting: coal-fired furnaces produce steam, which passes through the valves and powers the piston rod; the piston rod transfers ...

Interactive resource

Indentured labour 2

This is a slideshow resource focusing on the work and lives of male and female indentured Pacific Islander labourers who were brought to the cane fields of colonial Queensland and northern New South Wales from the 1860s until the post-Federation period of the early 1900s. The resource focuses on the working and living conditions ...

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Winding gear animation

This animated resource is about technical innovations in 19th-century Britain. It shows the winding gear used in coalmines to raise and lower people or equipment in a cage. Background material is provided, an animation shows how the winding gear operates and a quiz tests students' knowledge of the names of the parts of ...

Interactive Resource

Beam engine animation

This animated resource is about innovation in steam engine technology in 19th-century Britain. It shows an early steam engine called the beam engine, which was developed to pump out floodwater from the deep mines in Cornwall. It includes background material, an animation of the workings of the beam engine, a clear, detailed ...

Interactive Resource

Within these walls - online exhibition

This is a rich online resource about a 2.5-storey frame house that stood in Ipswich, Massachusetts, and about five of the families who lived there. The resource includes a well-illustrated and documented 'family stories' section for each family; an interactive 'go back in time' activity for students; an informative 'house ...

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Strike for better pay and conditions

How can not going to work help to improve pay? Find out the reasons why school teachers went on strike in June 2008. See how strike action can be used by workers to improve their working conditions and pay.

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...