History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The population movements and changing settlement patterns during this period (ACDSEH080)

Elaborations
  • examining changes to the population statistics of major cities during this period
  • investigating changes to the cities and landscape in European countries and Australia as the Industrial Revolution continued to develop, using photos (for example, those that were taken as the Eiffel Tower was being constructed using iron)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Industrialisation,  Migration,  Human settlements

Video

How did change accelerate?

This 12 minute video is divided into two parts and presents an overview of the rapid development of the modern world. Part 1 presents reasons for the exponential growth in the world's population over the last 500 years including the development of global networks and commerce and the discovery of fossil fuel energy, which ...

Text

Muslim journeys

This is a rich resource about the lives of Muslim people who came to Australia from Asia and Europe in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Developed by the National Archives of Australia, it consists of a historical essay by Hanifa Deen illustrated by a collection of archival documents and images. The resource has five tabs: ...

Text

Australian Agricultural Company

This is a resource about the Australian Agriculture Company, Australia's oldest company, from its establishment in 1824 to the 20th century. It includes details about the initial purpose of the company, the key figures and families involved, the important decisions and the development of Australia's agriculture industry. ...

Text

Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

Video

Justifying revenge killings in the colony of NSW

This re-enactment depicts the first official punitive expedition in Australia against Aboriginal people, ordered by Governor Phillip. It was the beginning of a pattern of conflict that would be repeated across the continent. A punitive expedition is a military journey undertaken to punish a group of people for alleged crimes ...

Video

'I like your spirit, Mrs Chisholm!'

In this reenactment from Australia's colonial history, witness Caroline Chisholm's determined efforts to help immigrant women and girls in the face of hostility and apathy on the part of the most powerful man in the colony, Governor George Gipps. In this second in a series of three clips, watch the situation shifting.

Video

Chisholm confronts Gipps

Meet courageous Caroline Chisholm as she tries to convince Governor Gipps to at least acknowledge the desperate situation of young women and girls who migrated to the British colony of New South Wales in the 1840s in the hope of a better life. This is the first in a series of three clips of re-enactments.

Video

Ned Kelly confronts his judge

How do the lives of Ned Kelly and Redmond Barry reflect the contrasting experiences of those who came to Australia as convicts and free settlers? Kelly was the son of an Irish convict and claimed to be fighting against the injustices of the old world revisited in the new. Barry had arrived in Melbourne as a free Irish immigrant. ...

Video

Meet the Fremantle Port Hostesses

In the 1960s, Marie Novak and Pauline Noble worked for the Fremantle Port Authority as hostesses, welcoming new migrants who arrived by ship. Why were hostesses needed? How do Marie and Pauline describe their time as hostesses? Compare the migration experiences of Marie's and Pauline's families. How did their backgrounds ...

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Video

An immigration nation

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull once described Australia as an 'immigration nation'. What do you think he meant by that? Do you agree? |Watch four very different people speak about their experiences as first- and second-generation migrants. What were some reasons they or their parents migrated to Australia?

Video

The Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1949

How did the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme come to be Australia's greatest economic achievement in the decades following World War II? In this clip, discover what Australia hoped to accomplish through the scheme, and some of the sacrifices that were made for it. Also learn what life was like for migrants from war-devastated ...

Video

Chinese miners in Pine Creek, NT

Imagine leaving your homeland to spend years labouring in a harsh and unfamiliar landscape in the hope of an elusive and uncertain reward. In this clip from a1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters looks at why Chinese miners came to Pine Creek in the Northern Territory and how they survived.

Video

Attitudes towards Chinese miners

Why did Chinese goldminers leave the Northern Territory's Pine Creek goldfields in the early years of the 20th century? In this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters investigates how this fascinating chapter in Australia's history came to an end.

Video

Benalla Migrant Camp

While many postwar immigrants were sent to Bonegilla Migrant Reception and Training Centre when they arrived in Australia, others lived at the smaller Benalla Migrant Camp. Like Bonegilla, Benalla is in north-east Victoria. Unlike at Bonegilla, however, many immigrants remained at Benalla for over a decade. Listen as Sabine ...

Interactive

Muck and brass

This interactive game is about town planning in Britain during the Industrial Revolution. It focuses on towns that have experienced rapid growth due to industrialisation but which have poor air quality and no efficient sewage disposal. Students assume the role of advisor to a town councillor who wants to improve the health ...

Text

Enslavement and industrialisation

This resource is about the slave-based trade with the Americas and its contribution to Britain in the 18th century and today. The resource is organised under the following topic headings: Consumers and slaves; the Atlantic boom; Slave-related trade; Profit margins; Inherited privilege; and Find out more. It includes text, ...

Video

Winding gear animation

This animated resource is about technical innovations in 19th-century Britain. It shows the winding gear used in coalmines to raise and lower people or equipment in a cage. Background material is provided, an animation shows how the winding gear operates and a quiz tests students' knowledge of the names of the parts of ...

Video

Stephenson's Rocket animation

This animated resource is about innovation in railway technology in 19th-century Britain. It models an early steam locomotive called Stephenson's Rocket, which won the Rainhill Trials in 1829, a competition to find the best locomotive engine for a railway line approaching completion. It includes background material, an ...

Video

Blast furnace animation

This resource is about blast furnaces and innovations in smelting iron in 18th-century Britain. The animation show how a blast furnace used a combination of iron ore and limestone with coke to produce iron. Students read text material and then view the animation, which also includes a segment on how to build a blast furnace.