History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Experiences of slaves, convicts and free settlers upon departure, their journey abroad, and their reactions on arrival, including the Australian experience (ACDSEH083)

Elaborations
  • investigating sources that record the reactions of new arrivals to other countries in this period (for example, responses to the natural environment and climate)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Convicts,  Penal transportation,  Slavery,  Free settlers

Interactive Resource

Founders and survivors storylines: lifelines

This is a rich, multilayered resource about convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land. It is organised in 21 sections about male, female and/or child convicts, their families and descendants. Generally each section contains: a 'Songline' (a song about the convicts); a 'Landline' (maps of places in the peoples' stories); ...

Text

Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

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Journeys and Connections

This resource displays objects related to stories of migration to Australia. Students locate and research relevant objects in their own community and create a digital story of migration. The resource uses objects from the Australian Journeys exhibition at the National Museum of Australia.

Interactive Resource

Moments in Time

Moments in Time is an interactive timeline presenting key events that occurred around the world between 650 and 1918 CE. This innovative digital resource enables you to see what was happening, in different locations around the world, at any moment in time – simply scroll the timeline to travel through time and explore when ...

Audio

A view of Australia's identity and immigration

How have the convict era and immigration influenced Australia's view of itself? In this clip from an audio interview, journalist Geraldine Doogue interviews historian John Hirst. They discuss his views about convict heritage, national character, the White Australia policy, racism, and recent immigration, refugee and and ...

Interactive Resource

Mugsheets

This is a comprehensive and detailed resource about convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) between 1803 and 1853. It provides a database of 69,669 convict records and an interactive Facemaker tool. The records include what was officially recorded at the time of a convict's trial, during the voyage to Tasmania ...

Audio

Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney

Discover in this audio file what life was like for the convicts who first arrived in Sydney. Associate Professor Grace Karskens explains that, contrary to popular opinion, most convicts were not confined to gaol or work gangs. Many convicts settled in the Rocks area in their own houses and were able to conduct a normal ...

Teacher resource

Moments in time: Teaching resource

Explore suggestions for using the interactive resource Moments in time to develop your students' understanding of important historical periods, movements, events and contexts. Along the way, encourage students to question the reliability and usefulness of available sources.

Teacher resource

Journey’s end

This is website about emigrants arriving by boat to Victoria in the 19th and early 20th century. The resource has three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects, including a video and images with captions that depict the journey and way of life at this ...

Interactive Resource

Treasures of American history - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition showing the objects, artefacts and images that make up some of the treasures of US history. The treasures shown in this exhibition document eight of the challenging situations and issues that have helped to shape the USA. Topics include: revolution and the new nation; slavery; western expansion; ...

Teacher resource

William Buckley

This is a website about William Buckley, an infamous convict that arrived in Victoria from England in 1803 and escaped European settlement. The resource presents: Buckley’s life after he escaped from settlement: details of the 32 years he spent with the Wathaurang people: and depicts his meeting with the colonising party, ...

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Wealth of Africa - the slave trade

This is a collection of PDF resources developed by the British Museum on the slave trade in Africa from the 16th to the 19th century. The primary resource is a presentation (in PDF format) unit is about the slave trade illustrated through a variety of objects and images that are part of the museum's collection. Intended ...

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Australian Agricultural Company

This is a resource about the Australian Agriculture Company, Australia's oldest company, from its establishment in 1824 to the 20th century. It includes details about the initial purpose of the company, the key figures and families involved, the important decisions and the development of Australia's agriculture industry. ...

Interactive Resource

Bound for South Australia 1836: 19th-century emigrants' sea voyages to Australia

This section of the website 'Bound for South Australia 1836' contains a brief written description of a typical voyage to Australia as experienced by assisted migrants on sailing ships leaving London. It begins with the migrants' decision about when to leave home to meet the ship and ends with their feelings at the close ...

Interactive Resource

Within these walls - online exhibition

This is a rich online resource about a 2.5-storey frame house that stood in Ipswich, Massachusetts, and about five of the families who lived there. The resource includes a well-illustrated and documented 'family stories' section for each family; an interactive 'go back in time' activity for students; an informative 'house ...

Audio

William Cuffay: 'Fellow slaves'

How did William Cuffay's link with slavery help him become such an influential campaigner for civil rights? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' explores similarities between convict transportation and slavery and the conditions of the British working class.

Moving Image

'I like your spirit, Mrs Chisholm!'

In this reenactment from Australia's colonial history, witness Caroline Chisholm's determined efforts to help immigrant women and girls in the face of hostility and apathy on the part of the most powerful man in the colony, Governor George Gipps. In this second in a series of three clips, watch the situation shifting.

Audio

William Cuffay: Chartist celebrity

Who was William Cuffay, and why did he frighten the British government so much? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' tells the story of Chartist leader William Cuffay. It focuses on Cuffay's transportation to Australia and how he continued his political activities once ...

Audio

William Cuffay and the 'monster' Chartist petition

What was William Cuffay's link with the Chartist petition of 1848 and how was he discriminated against? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' describes the presentation of the Chartists' petition and the panic it caused authorities in London. Listen to the way Cuffay ...

Audio

William Cuffay: Chartist, son of a freed slave

Who was William Cuffay? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' introduces us to Cuffay, the son of a freed Caribbean slave and one of the biggest names in Britain's and Australia's movements for civil rights. It explains that, despite his fame and notoriety in the middle ...