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History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Experiences of slaves, convicts and free settlers upon departure, their journey abroad, and their reactions on arrival, including the Australian experience (ACDSEH083)

Elaborations
  • investigating sources that record the reactions of new arrivals to other countries in this period (for example, responses to the natural environment and climate)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Convicts,  Penal transportation,  Slavery,  Free settlers

Text

Journeys and Connections

This resource displays objects related to stories of migration to Australia. Students locate and research relevant objects in their own community and create a digital story of migration. The resource uses objects from the Australian Journeys exhibition at the National Museum of Australia.

Interactive Resource

Moments in Time

Moments in Time is an interactive timeline presenting key events that occurred around the world between 650 and 1918 CE. This innovative digital resource enables you to see what was happening, in different locations around the world, at any moment in time – simply scroll the timeline to travel through time and explore when ...

Text

Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

Audio

Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney

Discover in this audio file what life was like for the convicts who first arrived in Sydney. Associate Professor Grace Karskens explains that, contrary to popular opinion, most convicts were not confined to gaol or work gangs. Many convicts settled in the Rocks area in their own houses and were able to conduct a normal ...

Audio

A view of Australia's identity and immigration

How have the convict era and immigration influenced Australia's view of itself? In this clip from an audio interview, journalist Geraldine Doogue interviews historian John Hirst. They discuss his views about convict heritage, national character, the White Australia policy, racism, and recent immigration, refugee and and ...

Teacher resource

Moments in time: Teaching resource

Explore suggestions for using the interactive resource Moments in time to develop your students' understanding of important historical periods, movements, events and contexts. Along the way, encourage students to question the reliability and usefulness of available sources.

Text

Australian Agricultural Company

This is a resource about the Australian Agriculture Company, Australia's oldest company, from its establishment in 1824 to the 20th century. It includes details about the initial purpose of the company, the key figures and families involved, the important decisions and the development of Australia's agriculture industry. ...

Interactive Resource

Treasures of American history - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition showing the objects, artefacts and images that make up some of the treasures of US history. The treasures shown in this exhibition document eight of the challenging situations and issues that have helped to shape the USA. Topics include: revolution and the new nation; slavery; western expansion; ...

Moving Image

'I like your spirit, Mrs Chisholm!'

In this reenactment from Australia's colonial history, witness Caroline Chisholm's determined efforts to help immigrant women and girls in the face of hostility and apathy on the part of the most powerful man in the colony, Governor George Gipps. In this second in a series of three clips, watch the situation shifting.

Audio

William Cuffay: Chartist, son of a freed slave

Who was William Cuffay? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' introduces us to Cuffay, the son of a freed Caribbean slave and one of the biggest names in Britain's and Australia's movements for civil rights. It explains that, despite his fame and notoriety in the middle ...

Moving Image

Caroline Chisholm's unwelcome companions

Caroline Chisholm's nerve was tested many times in Australia's harsh colonial society. Here, she first visits the building that, against all odds, she was determined to make into a much-needed home for immigrant women and girls. Watch the way she faces what she finds in this place that she had finally won from Governor ...

Moving Image

Chisholm confronts Gipps

Meet courageous Caroline Chisholm as she tries to convince Governor Gipps to at least acknowledge the desperate situation of young women and girls who migrated to the British colony of New South Wales in the 1840s in the hope of a better life. This is the first in a series of three clips of re-enactments.

Teacher resource

William Buckley

This is a website about William Buckley, an infamous convict that arrived in Victoria from England in 1803 and escaped European settlement. The resource presents: Buckley’s life after he escaped from settlement: details of the 32 years he spent with the Wathaurang people: and depicts his meeting with the colonising party, ...

Teacher resource

Journey’s end

This is website about emigrants arriving by boat to Victoria in the 19th and early 20th century. The resource has three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects, including a video and images with captions that depict the journey and way of life at this ...

Interactive Resource

Within these walls - online exhibition

This is a rich online resource about a 2.5-storey frame house that stood in Ipswich, Massachusetts, and about five of the families who lived there. The resource includes a well-illustrated and documented 'family stories' section for each family; an interactive 'go back in time' activity for students; an informative 'house ...

Interactive Resource

Bound for South Australia 1836: 19th-century emigrants' sea voyages to Australia

This section of the website 'Bound for South Australia 1836' contains a brief written description of a typical voyage to Australia as experienced by assisted migrants on sailing ships leaving London. It begins with the migrants' decision about when to leave home to meet the ship and ends with their feelings at the close ...

Audio

William Cuffay: 'Fellow slaves'

How did William Cuffay's link with slavery help him become such an influential campaigner for civil rights? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' explores similarities between convict transportation and slavery and the conditions of the British working class.

Audio

William Cuffay: Chartist celebrity

Who was William Cuffay, and why did he frighten the British government so much? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' tells the story of Chartist leader William Cuffay. It focuses on Cuffay's transportation to Australia and how he continued his political activities once ...

Audio

William Cuffay's early campaigns in Hobart

Why is William Cuffay described as being 'right at the forefront of early Australian unionism'? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' describes Cuffay's experiences in Tasmania as a convict on a Ticket of Leave and a civil rights campaigner. Listen to the ways Cuffay ...

Audio

William Cuffay and the 'monster' Chartist petition

What was William Cuffay's link with the Chartist petition of 1848 and how was he discriminated against? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' describes the presentation of the Chartists' petition and the panic it caused authorities in London. Listen to the way Cuffay ...

Dataset

The First Fleet - dataset

The dataset provides information about 780 of the convicts transported to Australia on the First Fleet ships 'Alexander', 'Charlotte', 'Lady Penrhyn', 'Friendship', 'Prince of Wales' and 'Scarborough' in 1788. The dataset includes information on items such as the convict's name, occupation, crime, date of trial and term ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: exclusion

Interact with a slideshow to examine the reasons people of various ethnic backgrounds came to Australia in the 19th century. Investigate the library to find out more about the characteristics of the lives of these immigrants and the difficulties they endured in Australia. Examine the attitudes towards non-white immigrants ...

Image

Drawing of Caroline Chisholm

This is a black-and-white drawing of the 19th-century humanitarian and social reformer Caroline Chisholm, shown sitting in front of a covered table reading some papers, with a quill pen and books to the right. On the wall behind is a partial drawing of what may be a sea chart or map. Chisholm has been drawn wearing a dark-coloured ...

Image

Arriving during the gold rush in Melbourne, c1860s

This is a sepia-toned wood engraving made by Frederick Grosse (1828-94) from a sketch by Nicholas Chevalier (1828-1902), and titled 'Emigrants landing at Queen's Wharf Melbourne'. It measures 16.4 cm x 25.3 cm and was first published in an illustrated newspaper in the 1860s, during the final years of the gold rush.

Interactive Resource

The abolition of British slavery: interactive map

This interactive resource is about the abolition of slavery. It includes an interactive map, written material, images and audio recordings of related text. Students follow a trail on the map, which leads them to the topics: How the slave trade worked; Resistance and abolition; Return to Sierra Leone; Olaudah Equiano's adventures; ...

Image

Female emigrants bound for Australia, 1834

This hand-coloured lithograph, measuring 36.0 cm x 22.7 cm and consisting of seven panels of an original ten, depicts in cartoon form the deprivations suffered by single women migrating to Australia in the 1830s. Titled 'FEMALE EMIGRATION!', the scenes follow the story of the women leaving Britain, their rough crossing ...

Moving Image

Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Collection

Landmarks in aviation

This collection of digital curriculum resources comprising mostly archival footage and images explores aviation from a historical perspective. It is organised in seven categories - first flight by box kite; first controlled powered flights; flying across the English Channel; first flight from England to Australia, 1919; ...

Collection

Children and migration to Australia

This collection of digital curriculum resources is about children who migrated to Australia, either with their families or on their own, predominantly during the 20th century. Footage and photographs from the time show the children arriving in Australia and experiencing a migrant reception centre if they were with their ...

Teacher resource

New Gold Mountain. Chinese on the goldfields

This resource provides teaching and learning activities exploring the history and contribution of the Chinese on the Australian goldfields in 19th century Australia. The PDF booklet provides teacher's notes, historical background and reproducible student activities which focus on the gold rushes and the Victorian goldfields. ...