History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Key people, events and ideas in the development of Australian self-government and democracy, including, the role of founders, key features of constitutional development, the importance of British and Western influences in the formation of Australia‚Äôs system of government and women's voting rights (ACDSEH091)

Elaborations
  • explaining the factors that contributed to federation and the development of democracy in Australia, including the role of key individuals, defence concerns, the 1890s depression, nationalist ideals and egalitarianism
  • examining the key features of and British and Western influences on Australias system of government including the Westminster System and Federalism
  • investigating the factors that led to the Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902, which enabled women to vote and stand for election for the federal Parliament
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Democracy,  Voting rights,  Self-determination,  Suffragettes,  Federation

Teacher resource

Magna Carta: The story of our freedom

This is a resource about the Magna Carta (Great Charter) agreed between King John and his rebellious barons in 1215 and its influence on the development of human rights and democratic freedoms to the present day. The resource consists of: an animated infographic ‘Tell the story’ with hyperlinks to further information; an ...

Teacher resource

Eureka stories

This is a website about the Eureka Stockade uprising and trials of 1854 to 1855. It uses primary and secondary source materials to explore some of the causes and actions that fueled the uprising. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are ...

Moving Image

Federation explained

On 1 January 1901 New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and Victoria officially joined together to make one country: the Commonwealth of Australia. Before this, they had each been separate British colonies and operated like individual countries. Watch this clip and find out why the colonies ...

Interactive Resource

Making a difference

This resource consists of four case studies which explore stories that illustrate issues of civics and citizenship at local, state, federal government and international levels. Students learn about active citizenship and plan their own, while covering content such as the Freedom Rides, Franklin Dam, Mabo, Wik and human rights.

Interactive Resource

When did it happen?

This is an interactive resource in which students sequence 18 key events in the development of Australia's democracy and its national capital. The events range from the invention of democracy by the ancient Greeks in the 5th century BCE to the 1999 referendum on an Australian republic. This timeline resource is one of a ...

Teacher resource

Women's suffrage

This is a website about the women’s suffrage movement in Victoria in the 19th and 20th century. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 17 Story Objects that tell the stories of how Victorian women won the right to vote, key participants ...

Collection

Federation referendums

This is a collection of 13 digital curriculum resources focusing on the rounds of referendums held in Australian colonies to decide whether they would federate to form a nation. It is organised into four categories - the referendums in overview; the 1898 referendums; the 1899 referendums; and the 1900 referendum in Western ...

Collection

Conscription in the 20th century

This collection examines the history of conscription in Australia, with a particular focus on the conscription debate in World War One and during the Vietnam War.

Collection

Australia's first federal parliament

This is a collection of 19 digital curriculum resources focusing on Australia's first federal parliament, which sat in Melbourne from May 1901 until October 1902. The collection is organised into four categories - opening the first federal parliament; the first prime minister; the first Barton ministry; and the parliament's ...

Interactive Resource

Making a Nation: a system of representation

This interactive resource allows students to discover the development of Australia from six separate colonies to a federated nation. Students investigate, through a variety of documents, cartoons, maps and photographs, the factors that contributed to Federation, the powers of the federal parliament, what representative ...

Audio

Sir Henry Parkes's Tenterfield Oration, 1889

What role did Henry Parkes play in the federation of Australia? Listen to a re-enactment of Sir Henry Parkes's famous 1889 speech in Tenterfield, known as the Tenterfield Oration. Note in particular the arguments Parkes used to gain political support.

Moving Image

The Australian constitution

A constitution is a set of rules that describe how a country should be run. What does the Australian Constitution contain rules about? When was it mostly written?

Teacher resource

Electoral events timeline

This is a timeline setting out some major dates in Australia's electoral history. It begins in 1835 with the establishment of Australia's first political 'party', the Australian Patriotic Association, in NSW and ends with the granting of self-government to the ACT in 1989. The timeline is supported by a set of focus questions ...

Teacher resource

Voting and belonging - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work about enfranchisement and parliamentary representation. Intended for lower secondary students, the unit focuses on three aspects: the struggle of women and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to gain the vote, their continuing under-representation in Australian parliaments, and ...

Teacher resource

Debates that shaped the nation - teacher resource

This is a teacher resource about the debates at the Federation conventions of the 1890s compared to those at the constitutional conventions of the 1990s. The activities suggested in the resource emphasise the historical inquiry process, beginning with students asking focus questions about the issues discussed at the conventions, ...

Collection

Edmund Barton

This is a collection of 18 digital curriculum resources focusing on the career of Edmund Barton, Australia's first prime minister. It is organised into four groups of resources - an architect of Federation; the first prime minister; Barton and the first federal parliament; and a justice of the High Court. The collection ...

Teacher resource

A look at constitutional convention delegates - teacher resource

This is a teaching and learning strategy about two Australian constitutional conventions; the first held in 1891 and the second in 1998. The 1891 National Australasian Convention is examined through a 'mystery photograph' of delegates. The 1998 convention to consider an Australian republic is examined through three research ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: democracy timeline

Use a timeline to find information about significant events and ideas in the development and evolution of democracy in the world, focusing on Australia. Nominate specific years or scroll from the latest date back to 0 (where events dated BC are listed).

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: the road to Federation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore the main events in Australia’s move to a federated nation. Investigate the library to find out more about the concerns the different colonies had about handing over some of their responsibilities to a national government, and the roles played by Lang, Parkes and McIlwraith. ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: people power

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore the struggles for equal rights in Australia. Look in particular at the Eureka Stockade, 1891 Shearers' strike and the Freedom Ride. Complete a related task.

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: separate colonies, one destiny

View a slideshow of images and text to explore the foundation and development of the six colonies. Identify the main stages of growth and the distinctive nature of each colony. Examine how each colony was fiercely protective of its rights and the consequences of inter-colonial rivalry. Investigate the economic and social ...

Collection

Factors contributing to federation

This is a collection of 24 digital curriculum resources focusing on the factors that contributed to Australia's federation. The resources are grouped into six categories - overview; defence concerns; nationalism; immigration; economic issues; and the effects of intercolonial rivalries. The collection includes artworks, ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: the people make a nation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore some of the issues that concerned the citizens and leaders of the six Australian colonies as they moved towards Federation. Examine some of the nation-building activities after 1901. Find out about debates surrounding a change in the Australian Constitution to make ...

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Rose Scott

Find out more about Rose Scott, a fighter for women’s rights and an opponent of Federation. Examine two different types of biographies of Scott: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how she was visually depicted in her time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: Federation ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: the women's story

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to examine the ways in which women campaigned for the right to vote in Australia. Investigate the library to find out more about the issues which women saw as significant in this campaign. Identify the women who were at the forefront of this campaign and how they conducted it. ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: exclusion

Interact with a slideshow to examine the reasons people of various ethnic backgrounds came to Australia in the 19th century. Investigate the library to find out more about the characteristics of the lives of these immigrants and the difficulties they endured in Australia. Examine the attitudes towards non-white immigrants ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: an Australian nation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore the emergence of a distinctly Australian identity in place of a British identity. Investigate the changes that resulted in a shift to a national vision. Identify the various events in colonial history that brought about this growing national vision and the issues which ...