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History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Laws made by federal Parliament between 1901-1914 including the Harvester Judgment, pensions, and the Immigration Restriction Act (ACDSEH092)

Elaborations
  • investigating how the major social legislation of the new Federal Government affected living and working conditions in Australia (for example, invalid and old-age pensions and the maternity allowance scheme)
  • creating a timeline of major social legislation passed by federal Parliament between 1901 and 1914
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Legislation,  Wage determination,  Acts of Parliament,  Pensions

Online

The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

Interactive

Difference Differently: who can be Australian?

This is a resource with three related sets of student activities that explore the evolution of Australian government policies regarding citizenship and immigration since 1901. It uses historical source material to explore the 'White Australia policy' and case studies about individuals and citizenship. It also examines how ...

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Interactive

Federal Parliament history timeline

This interactive timeline explores key milestones in the history of Australia's Parliament that led to federation and how the work of Parliament has influenced Australian democratic development since 1901. The timeline allows users to explore the milestones chronologically or follow thematic trails. Selected milestones ...

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Landmarks: people and places across Australia

This resource features the Landmarks gallery, which traces a broad history of Australia since British colonisation in the late 18th century. The exhibition explores ten big themes in the country's past through the stories of Australian places and the people who have lived there. It examines how people have engaged with ...

Video

The British arrive in Tasmania

Learn why, in 1803, the British established a colony in Tasmania, at Hobart Town. Find out about the hardships faced by the convicts and early colonists and the early industries that helped some of them prosper. Find out about the effect that displacement had on the local palawa people.

Video

Big Brother: youth migration

From 1911 until 1967, Australian governments sponsored migration schemes for young Britons eager to work as farm labourers and domestic workers in Australia. This clip focuses on the Big Brother Movement. As you watch it, see how the boys were chosen. Find out about the types of jobs they undertook and some of the problems ...

Video

Participating in the Woolgoolga community

How do you gain a sense of belonging in an unfamiliar place, especially one that has very different beliefs and customs from your own? One way is to do as the locals do. This clip explores the importance, for Sikh migrants, of working and socialising with the residents of their new home in the northern New South Wales town ...

Video

From Sudan to Adelaide

Watch and listen to Veronica's story as she describes what life was like in Sudan. How does she compare it to life in Australia? How was her school in Sudan different from her school in Adelaide? What do you think Veronica's life would have been like if she had stayed in Sudan, a troubled country with constant violent conflicts?

Video

Bali: tourism and development

Bali, a world-renowned slice of paradise in Indonesia, is undergoing rapid development to accommodate the increase in foreign tourism. Tourism brings money but it also drives up prices and affects the environment. View this clip to explore the issues experienced by those living in paradise.

Video

Three Gorges Dam: hydro-electricity as a choice

China has built the massive Three Gorges Dam to provide hydro-electricity. The dam provides power without the harmful emissions produced by burning coal. But are there other costs? Hear from a Chinese professor whose opposition to the dam has waned, but who calls for careful attention to the problems that this dam has created ...

Video

Julia Gillard: responding to tricky questions

Imagine this situation: someone is asking you difficult questions or interrogating you about your actions. How will you respond? Many people become flustered and inarticulate when under this kind of pressure. In this clip, learn a few tips from Australia's first female prime minister about 'keeping your cool'.

Video

Sikhs in contemporary Australia

Did you know that Sikhs in Australia belong to the fifth most popular religion in the world? Sikhism began in the Punjab region of India and today has over 30 million followers. Find out more about the life and beliefs of people of this faith through the eyes of a Sikh. Watch a 'langar', a community meal, in process at ...

Video

Sikh women make Woolgoolga their home

Discover how life has changed, and stayed the same, for Sikh women who migrated to northern New South Wales' Banana Coast after World War 2. Woolgoolga might be a long way from India, but Sikh women were determined to maintain their traditional way of life in their new home.

Video

Italian fishermen of Woolloomooloo

Explore a small part of mid-20th-century Sydney through the lives of Italian fishermen living in Woolloomooloo. Learn how the fishermen and their families, who migrated from Italy at the end of World War I, developed a strong community. See how they adapted to their new culture while still holding onto their Mediterranean ...

Video

How life can change

Explore the remarkable journey of Akram Azimi, the 2013 Young Australian of the Year, from Kabul in war-ravaged Afghanistan to Perth, WA, then to Looma, a remote Aboriginal community in the Kimberley. Learn how Akram developed a passion to help 'Australians have a deeper sense of connection to this land'. This short clip ...

Video

Making a successful life on the land

Joseph Bowman and his wife chose to leave their home in England to settle in far away Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania). Their story is told in a TV series called The Colonials. Actor Brian Young, who plays Mr Bowman in the series, explains some of the history behind the TV show. This clip is one in a series of four.

Video

The gold rush era

The gold rush of the 1890s, which started in Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie, prompted a rush of hopeful prospectors to Western Australia. Perth Mint exhibition supervisor Greg Cooke talks about the reality of life in the harsh outback with little water and no roads. Would you have risked your life to try to find your fortune ...

Video

Meet the Fremantle Port Hostesses

In the 1960s, Marie Novak and Pauline Noble worked for the Fremantle Port Authority as hostesses, welcoming new migrants who arrived by ship. Why were hostesses needed? How do Marie and Pauline describe their time as hostesses? Compare the migration experiences of Marie's and Pauline's families. How did their backgrounds ...

Video

Artificial reefs and the mining boom

Has the mining boom with its 'fly-in fly-out' workers led to pressure on fish stocks in Western Australia? A leading recreational fishing body says it has. Explore whether creating artificial reefs might be a solution. A Western Australian mining and fisheries minister explains why he thinks it could work. He also talks ...