History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Laws made by federal Parliament between 1901-1914 including the Harvester Judgment, pensions, and the Immigration Restriction Act (ACDSEH092)

Elaborations
  • investigating how the major social legislation of the new Federal Government affected living and working conditions in Australia (for example, invalid and old-age pensions and the maternity allowance scheme)
  • creating a timeline of major social legislation passed by federal Parliament between 1901 and 1914
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Legislation,  Wage determination,  Acts of Parliament,  Pensions

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Collection

The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

Interactive Resource

Difference Differently: who can be Australian?

This is a resource with three related sets of student activities that explore the evolution of Australian government policies regarding citizenship and immigration since 1901. It uses historical source material to explore the 'White Australia policy' and case studies about individuals and citizenship. It also examines how ...

Moving Image

Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

StillImage

Landmarks: people and places across Australia

This resource features the Landmarks gallery, which traces a broad history of Australia since British colonisation in the late 18th century. The exhibition explores ten big themes in the country's past through the stories of Australian places and the people who have lived there. It examines how people have engaged with ...

Image

Anti-Chinese immigration cartoon, 1888 - item 2

This black-and-white cartoon depicts a young man with an Australian coat of arms on his hat standing outside, without an overcoat, as the caricatured heads of Chinese people fall like raindrops. The caption's text (not visible) indicates the man is requesting protection from Chinese immigration from John Bull, a figure ...

Image

Chinese immigration and the imperial connection, 1888

This green rendered cartoon shows a rope joining two men on either side of a chasm - on the left is a John Bull figure labelled 'England' and on the right is an Australian bushman labelled 'Australia'. Clinging to the middle of the rope and suspended over the chasm is a grotesquely caricatured Chinese man. The cartoon was ...

Image

Anti-Chinese immigration cartoon, 1888 - item 3

This sepia cartoon with a caption shows a young man labelled 'YOUNG AUSTRALIA' barring a gate through which Chinese immigrants are attempting to enter. A sign reading 'PLAGUE SHIP' can be seen behind the Chinese people. An old man, 'Old Australia', stands with his hand on the young man's shoulder. In the foreground is a ...

Image

Anti-Chinese immigration cartoon, 1888 - item 4

This buff rendered cartoon depicts five young women, representing the self-governing Australian colonies, straining at a lever labelled 'FEDERATION'. They are attempting to topple a huge rock, caricatured as a Chinese man's head, off the edge of a cliff. The head is labelled 'THE CHINESE PEST'. In the caption (not seen ...

Image

Immigration Restriction Act, 1901

This is part of the front page of an act passed by the Australian Federal Parliament in 1901. It is headed: 'AN ACT To place certain restrictions on Immigration and to provide for the removal from the Commonwealth of prohibited Immigrants', and is known as the Immigration Restriction Act. It shows the first page of the ...

Image

'Wake, Australia! Wake', 1888

This black-and-white cartoon depicts a caricatured Chinese man with 'CHINESE INVASION' printed on his clothes. He is climbing with a knife in his mouth into the bedroom of a sleeping young woman identified as 'AUSTRALIA'. The words 'ANTI-CHINESE LEGISLATION' are printed on the flimsy bed curtains. A crossed miner's pick ...

Image

Barton's Oath of Allegiance, 1 January 1901

This is the oath of allegiance to Queen Victoria and 'Her Heirs and Successors according to law' signed by Edmund Barton as he was sworn in to the first government ministry of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. The governor-general, Lord Hopetoun, countersigned to witness that the oath had been 'sworn and ...

Text

Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

Text

Looking after the land

This is a resource about the environmental, climatic, natural disaster and pest challenges faced during settlement in Australia. It includes details about land management techniques; extreme and unique weather conditions, including floods and droughts; bushfires; animal and plant pests; and water management. Text, images, ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: democracy timeline

Use a timeline to find information about significant events and ideas in the development and evolution of democracy in the world, focusing on Australia. Nominate specific years or scroll from the latest date back to 0 (where events dated BC are listed).

Collection

Children and migration to Australia

This collection of digital curriculum resources is about children who migrated to Australia, either with their families or on their own, predominantly during the 20th century. Footage and photographs from the time show the children arriving in Australia and experiencing a migrant reception centre if they were with their ...

Collection

Vietnamese refugees and immigrants

This collection of 24 digital curriculum resources is organised into five categories - fleeing Vietnam by boat; the voyage of the Hong Hai; arriving as migrants; living in Australia in the 1970s and 80s; and Vietnamese refugees and the arts. The collection contains interactive learning objects, photographs, artefacts, artworks ...

Collection

British migration to Australia in the 20th century

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources focusing on British immigration to Australia from the 1920s to the 1960s. It is organised into five categories - British migration in the interwar years; British migration after the Second World War; British migration in the 1950s; British migration in the 1960s; and ...

Collection

Italian migration to Australia in the 20th century

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources focusing on Italian immigration to Australia from the 1920s to the 1980s. It is organised into five categories - Italian migration before the Second World War; arriving in Australia in the post-War years; marriage and family life in Australia; Italian Australians in the ...

Collection

'Bound for Botany Bay' - transportation of convicts to New South Wales

This is a collection of 11 digital curriculum resources focusing on the transportation of convicts to the colony of New South Wales. The collection is organised into four categories - the hulks; the First Fleet; the colony's penal stations; and items forming part of the uniforms believed to have been worn by convicts in ...