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History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Laws made by federal Parliament between 1901-1914 including the Harvester Judgment, pensions, and the Immigration Restriction Act (ACDSEH092)

Elaborations
  • investigating how the major social legislation of the new Federal Government affected living and working conditions in Australia (for example, invalid and old-age pensions and the maternity allowance scheme)
  • creating a timeline of major social legislation passed by federal Parliament between 1901 and 1914
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Legislation,  Wage determination,  Acts of Parliament,  Pensions

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Online

The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

Interactive

Difference Differently: who can be Australian?

This is a resource with three related sets of student activities that explore the evolution of Australian government policies regarding citizenship and immigration since 1901. It uses historical source material to explore the 'White Australia policy' and case studies about individuals and citizenship. It also examines how ...

Interactive

Federal Parliament history timeline

This interactive timeline explores key milestones in the history of Australia's Parliament that led to federation and how the work of Parliament has influenced Australian democratic development since 1901. The timeline allows users to explore the milestones chronologically or follow thematic trails. Selected milestones ...

Video

From Sudan to Adelaide

Watch and listen to Veronica's story as she describes what life was like in Sudan. How does she compare it to life in Australia? How was her school in Sudan different from her school in Adelaide? What do you think Veronica's life would have been like if she had stayed in Sudan, a troubled country with constant violent conflicts?

Video

This isn't English, it's Australian English!

Mara Zeissig had a hard time understanding what was going on when she first went to school in Australia after moving from Buenos Aires, Argentina. In her Heywire audio story, explore the importance of language in our social interactions.<br /><br />Could you write or record a story about yourself and/or your community? ...

Video

Please explain: election of Pauline Hanson, 1996

How much can you tell about people by the politicians they choose to represent them? In 1996, Pauline Hanson was voted into the Australian Parliament as an Independent member for the Queensland seat of Oxley, despite (or perhaps because of) her controversial views about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ...

Video

Three Gorges Dam: hydro-electricity as a choice

China has built the massive Three Gorges Dam to provide hydro-electricity. The dam provides power without the harmful emissions produced by burning coal. But are there other costs? Hear from a Chinese professor whose opposition to the dam has waned, but who calls for careful attention to the problems that this dam has created ...

Video

Sikhs become part of the Woolgoolga community

How does a large increase in the number of migrants to a town affect the local people? In this clip from 1984, the head priest of the Sikh temple talks about the contributions that the Sikh migrants have made to the town of Woolgoolga since their arrival.

Video

Italian fishermen of Woolloomooloo

Explore a small part of mid-20th-century Sydney through the lives of Italian fishermen living in Woolloomooloo. Learn how the fishermen and their families, who migrated from Italy at the end of World War I, developed a strong community. See how they adapted to their new culture while still holding onto their Mediterranean ...

Video

Making a successful life on the land

Joseph Bowman and his wife chose to leave their home in England to settle in far away Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania). Their story is told in a TV series called The Colonials. Actor Brian Young, who plays Mr Bowman in the series, explains some of the history behind the TV show. This clip is one in a series of four.

Video

What letters and land titles tell us of the past

How do historians determine whether information about the early years of colonial life in Australia is reliable? Many official and personal documents have survived to tell us about this period in Australia's history. Listen to a diary account about a surgeon (doctor) visiting sick convict labourers in chains. This clip ...

Video

Artificial reefs: developing new farms

Discover a new type of fish farming. The Western Australian Government is building two prototype reefs to demonstrate how artificial reefs can be friendly to the environment and increase fish numbers. Watch as Brad Adams, an abalone farmer, shows you his experimental reefs. See how successful he is at sourcing his abalone ...

Video

Artificial reefs and the mining boom

Has the mining boom with its 'fly-in fly-out' workers led to pressure on fish stocks in Western Australia? A leading recreational fishing body says it has. Explore whether creating artificial reefs might be a solution. A Western Australian mining and fisheries minister explains why he thinks it could work. He also talks ...

Video

A new home on Australia Day

Why do people choose to become Australian citizens? What is it about Australia that makes it a sought-after destination for thousands of migrants every year? In this clip from ABC News, listen to the suggestions of two leading politicians and discover the weird and wonderful racing events that are staged around the country.

Audio

A Kimberley welcome

What experiences help you to understand what it means to be Australian? How do you think Australians define themselves? Listen as Akram Azimi, the 2013 Young Australian of the Year, shares the joy he finds in spending time in a remote Aboriginal community. He speaks of how this contributes to his sense of Australian identity. ...

Video

Damming the Yangtze

See the world's largest dam - China's Three Gorges Dam - which provides hydroelectric power. Learn about some of its benefits, and, as you watch this clip from 2008, consider these benefits against the social cost of displacing local communities.

Video

Chinese Australians and the Moon Festival, 1978

How have the cultural traditions of people from Asia enriched Australian society? The Moon Festival is one such tradition. In this clip from 1978, an ABC reporter visits Dixon Street in Sydney's Chinatown to discover what this celebration means to Chinese Australians and the wider community.

Video

The Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1949

How did the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme come to be Australia's greatest economic achievement in the decades following World War II? In this clip, discover what Australia hoped to accomplish through the scheme, and some of the sacrifices that were made for it. Also learn what life was like for migrants from war-devastated ...

Video

How did the first humans live?

This 10 minute video in three parts offers an overview of what life was like in the ancient world. Part 1 introduces the Palaeolithic era, marked by the use of stone tools, focusing on Homo Sapiens, and the tools used to study this era - archaeology and anthropology. Part 2 discusses human foraging and the specialist techniques ...