History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The places where Australians fought and the nature of warfare during World War I, including the Gallipoli campaign (ACDSEH095)

Elaborations
  • identifying the places where Australians fought, including Fromelles, the Somme, Gallipoli, Sinai and Palestine
  • using sources to investigate the fighting at Gallipoli, the difficulties of trench warfare, and the use of tanks, aeroplanes and chemical weapons (gas)
  • exploring the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people during the war
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

World War I,  Military campaigns

Interactive Resource

Founders and survivors storylines: lifelines

This is a rich, multilayered resource about convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land. It is organised in 21 sections about male, female and/or child convicts, their families and descendants. Generally each section contains: a 'Songline' (a song about the convicts); a 'Landline' (maps of places in the peoples' stories); ...

Teacher resource

Forgotten heroes

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 29-page PDF about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women who joined the Australian Armed Services during times of war. The education pack is introduced by background notes, and is organised in three main sections: Early Years; Primary Years; and Middle Years. Each section ...

Collection

Anzac Portal

The Anzac Portal website provides historical and educational resources on Australia's wartime history including wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations from the Boer War through to the present. The site has collected together a vast collection of primary source materials including still and moving images, digital exhibitions ...

Interactive Resource

WeCommemorate

WeCommemorate is a series of challenges for teachers to use with students to commemorate Australia's involvement in the First World War. These project-based challenges have been designed to engage students from Early Stage 1 to Stage 5 in the production of creative multimedia works and to develop 21st century learning skills. ...

Interactive Resource

Off to war: Australia answers the call

This is a Stage 5 resource that looks at the reasons for World War I, the reaction in Australia and the messages promoted by enlistment posters. The resource will support the introduction of the new syllabus and will dovetail with the Anzac Centenary commemorative events and publications.

Interactive Resource

A soldier's war: Gallipoli

This Stage 5 resource looks at the Gallipoli campaign through the eyes of soldiers, nurses and the media. Students examine their diaries and letters as well as considering the nature of the warfare and the tactics involved before producing a documentary of the campaign. The resource will support the introduction of the ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Gallipoli

This resource features the ABC resource 'Gallipoli: The First Day' which uses diaries, photos and interview clips, 3D graphics and videos to bring a new perspective to the first hours of the campaign. Includes additional activities and resources for study.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Indigenous Veterans

This resource is a page about the history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans of the Australian armed forces, with case studies, activities and discussion points. The resource is relevant to selected outcomes of at least two topics in Stage 5 History including Australia's commemoration of World War I.

Teacher resource

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

Interactive Resource

Gallipoli: The First Day

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap: Gallipoli - baptism of fire

This resource is a page that focuses on the Gallipoli landing that includes supporting activities and links to resources.

Teacher resource

Remembering the Anzacs

The landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps on Turkey's Gallipoli Peninsula on 25 April 1915 has been seen as a turning point in Australian history. Investigate the reasons for the Gallipoli campaign, the context and nature of the campaign, the sacrifices of young Australians at Gallipoli and on the Western ...

Teacher resource

Chinese Anzacs

This is a website about the experiences of Chinese-Australian soldiers in World War I. It includes: historical facts; a collection of 12 story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and artefacts; and a Chinese Anzacs Education kit. The kit is comprehensive. The learning activities are presented in five parts, ...

Moving Image

Always an artist: George Lambert

This resource is a video about George Lambert (1873-1930), an official Australian war artist during World War I (1914-18). The video showcases many of Lambert's paintings and photographs produced during the period when he was attached to the Australian Army in Palestine, Israel and Syria. His works include candid photographs ...

Interactive Resource

Site study – Ypres Salient

This resource is a digital site study of the Ypres Salient, using videos made with modern footage of Ypres and contemporary footage and images from the First World War. Each video has before, after and extension activities designed to meet the Stage 5 History: Core Study – Depth Study 3 outcomes around the scope and nature ...

Interactive Resource

Charles Bean's war

This Stage 5 resource supports the introduction of the new history syllabus and dovetails with the World War I Centenary commemorative events and publications. The resource encourages students to think about the motives, controls and restrictions that affected Charles Bean's different representations of Australia's role ...

Interactive Resource

Invictus Games Sydney 2018 – HSIE/English Stage 5 – Veteran wellbeing

This Stage 5 HSIE/English resource examines Australia’s roles in war, including their involvement in WWI and WWII and highlights Australia’s role in the global context during the twentieth century. Students will examine the historical context of the wars and the perceptions that existed during the twentieth century regarding ...

Video

Compass - Embracing the Enemy, 2005: 'They became our sons as well'

This clip shows archival black-and-white photographs of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzac) and Turkish soldiers in the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War, a war cemetery and a transport ship unloading soldiers. A narrator reads from Atatürk's famous tribute of 1934, and former ...

Interactive Resource

Gallipoli: The First Day - app for Android

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Interactive Resource

Gallipoli: The First Day - app for iPad

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Image

Etaples Military Cemetery, France, c1920s

This is a black-and-white photograph of part of the Etaples Military Cemetery in northern France, taken in the 1920s. The large Cross of Sacrifice and trees either side of it are silhouetted against a cloudy sky as the sun rises over the Canche River estuary. A person stands looking towards the cross.

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Teacher resource

Cooee: a call to war: Teacher idea

This Teacher idea uses footage and photographs of the First World War to help students understand the causes of the War, the experiences of those who fought, the reactions of those on the home front and the Anzac legacy that continues today. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.

Image

Crowds at an anticonscription rally in Melbourne, 1916

This is a black-and-white postcard showing a huge crowd at an anticonscription rally on the banks of the Yarra River in Melbourne in 1916. The image shows a sea of men and a sprinkling of women standing in an open area. A handwritten note under the photograph (penned by John Curtin) reads 'Have Ye Answered O my People' ...

Video

Helping our heroes, 1918

This is an extract from the 367th edition of the silent newsreel, 'Australasian Gazette', filmed and screened in 1918. The extract shows men and women of the Randwick Volunteer Workers Association clearing land intended for servicemen returning from the First World War. It also shows the women serving the men with cups ...

Image

Flyer advertising 'The Echo' newspaper, 1916

This is a flyer, with a note penned by John Curtin (1885-1945) on the reverse, advertising the launch in Melbourne on 16 October 1916 of an anticonscription daily newspaper: 'The Echo'.

Image

Australian recruitment statistics for the First World War, 1919

This is one side of a two-sided printed document titled 'The Great War 1914-1919'. It shows the number of men in Australia who enlisted for military service during the First World War. Under a cameo image of King George V flanked by the crossed flags of Australia and the UK, the three major dates for the start and end of ...

Image

First World War recruiting tour, 1916

This is a black-and-white photograph of South Australian Premier Crawford Vaughan addressing a crowd at Mount Barker railway station in South Australia on 28 April 1916. He is attempting to recruit volunteers for the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in the First World War. The photograph was developed from a glass negative ...

Image

ANZAC poster

This is a poster commemorating the New Zealand role in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) campaign in Gallipoli during the First World War. Along the top is a photograph depicting three naval vessels on one side and Anzac Beach, Gallipoli, after the landing on the other. At the top of the photograph is the ...

Interactive resource

Peter Dalton: enlistment and the call to war

Help a teenager to decide whether to enlist for Australian military service in World War I. Look at a summary of key military and political events. Interview people with a range of opinions. Examine background materials about recruitment drives, voluntary enlistment and conscription. Do a SWOT analysis and explore the consequences ...