History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The impact of World War I, with a particular emphasis on Australia including the changing role of women (ACDSEH096)

Elaborations
  • graphing the proportion of Australian servicemen who died during World War I, compared to that of other countries involved in the war
  • investigating examples of the war’s impact on Australia’s economy and society (for example, the development of the steel industry in Newcastle and the implementation of the War Precautions Act)
  • identifying the groups who opposed conscription (for example, trade unionists, Irish Catholics) and the grounds for their objections
  • studying the first and second referenda on conscription, including the division within the Labor Party over this issue
  • explaining the treatment of people of German descent during the war (for example, their classification as ‘enemy aliens’ and placement in internment camps, as well as their depiction in government propaganda)
  • investigating the short- and long-term impact of World War I on the role of women in Australia
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

World War I,  Conscription,  Domestic war effort,  Sex role

Collection

Anzac Portal

The Anzac Portal website provides historical and educational resources on Australia's wartime history including wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations from the Boer War through to the present. The site has collected together a vast collection of primary source materials including still and moving images, digital exhibitions ...

Interactive Resource

Off to war: Australia answers the call

This is a Stage 5 resource that looks at the reasons for World War I, the reaction in Australia and the messages promoted by enlistment posters. The resource will support the introduction of the new syllabus and will dovetail with the Anzac Centenary commemorative events and publications.

Teacher resource

Commemorating Anzac through engaging learning

This resource supports quality teaching and learning through specific curriculum learning opportunities to engage students, as well as enhancing whole school and community interactions and events commemorating Anzac. Part of the Bringing communities together series in response to the NSW State Anzac Centenary.

Interactive Resource

WeCommemorate

WeCommemorate is a series of challenges for teachers to use with students to commemorate Australia's involvement in the First World War. These project-based challenges have been designed to engage students from Early Stage 1 to Stage 5 in the production of creative multimedia works and to develop 21st century learning skills. ...

Interactive Resource

A soldier's war: Gallipoli

This Stage 5 resource looks at the Gallipoli campaign through the eyes of soldiers, nurses and the media. Students examine their diaries and letters as well as considering the nature of the warfare and the tactics involved before producing a documentary of the campaign. The resource will support the introduction of the ...

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Indigenous Veterans

This resource is a page about the history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans of the Australian armed forces, with case studies, activities and discussion points. The resource is relevant to selected outcomes of at least two topics in Stage 5 History including Australia's commemoration of World War I.

Collection

Conscription in the 20th century

This collection examines the history of conscription in Australia, with a particular focus on the conscription debate in World War One and during the Vietnam War.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Gallipoli

This resource features the ABC resource 'Gallipoli: The First Day' which uses diaries, photos and interview clips, 3D graphics and videos to bring a new perspective to the first hours of the campaign. Includes additional activities and resources for study.

Text

The Invisible War: A tale on two scales

The Invisible War is a graphic novel set on the Western Front in 1916. The novel is an interdisciplinary text that includes a large science-history reference section (hyper-linked within the novel). Told from two points of view – human and microbial – the story describes a deadly infection by dysentery-causing Shigella ...

Teacher resource

Research and adopt a veteran

This resource guides teachers through the process of researching the historical records of a Australian First World War veteran. School communities are encouraged to 'adopt' a local veteran. Part of the Bringing communities together series in response to the NSW State ANZAC Centenary.

Moving Image

Wedding cake survives World War I

When studying history, how useful are primary sources? For example, we may know from secondary sources how valued personal effects and mementos were to soldiers fighting in trenches overseas during World War I. What is the effect of having something like this wedding cake, a primary source, to validate this proposition?

Teacher resource

Chinese Anzacs

This is a website about the experiences of Chinese-Australian soldiers in World War I. It includes: historical facts; a collection of 12 story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and artefacts; and a Chinese Anzacs Education kit. The kit is comprehensive. The learning activities are presented in five parts, ...

Text

Repat and Rabbits: WW1 soldier settlement in the ACT

This site provides a collection of documents, guides and information to support research on the Australia's Soldier Settlement Scheme that was implemented the end of World War 1. Soldier Settlement Schemes were established in all states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), now the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). ...

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap: Gallipoli - baptism of fire

This resource is a page that focuses on the Gallipoli landing that includes supporting activities and links to resources.

Text

Coming home: an investigation of the Armistice and repatriation

This online text (with downloadable PDF option) provides a series of investigations examining the impact of the war on those who served and those who welcomed them home. The online resource includes teaching activities that encourage students to investigate the roles the Repatriation Commission and the Soldier Settlement ...

Interactive Resource

Site study – Ypres Salient

This resource is a digital site study of the Ypres Salient, using videos made with modern footage of Ypres and contemporary footage and images from the First World War. Each video has before, after and extension activities designed to meet the Stage 5 History: Core Study – Depth Study 3 outcomes around the scope and nature ...

Interactive resource

Peter Dalton: enlistment and the call to war

Help a teenager to decide whether to enlist for Australian military service in World War I. Look at a summary of key military and political events. Interview people with a range of opinions. Examine background materials about recruitment drives, voluntary enlistment and conscription. Do a SWOT analysis and explore the consequences ...

Image

Etaples Military Cemetery, France, c1920s

This is a black-and-white photograph of part of the Etaples Military Cemetery in northern France, taken in the 1920s. The large Cross of Sacrifice and trees either side of it are silhouetted against a cloudy sky as the sun rises over the Canche River estuary. A person stands looking towards the cross.

Video

Women sorting clothes during the First World War

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of volunteer women sorting clothes during the First World War. It shows a group of women inspecting clothes and a newcomer being introduced and joining in the inspection.

Teacher resource

Cooee: a call to war: Teacher idea

This Teacher idea uses footage and photographs of the First World War to help students understand the causes of the War, the experiences of those who fought, the reactions of those on the home front and the Anzac legacy that continues today. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.

Image

Crowds at an anticonscription rally in Melbourne, 1916

This is a black-and-white postcard showing a huge crowd at an anticonscription rally on the banks of the Yarra River in Melbourne in 1916. The image shows a sea of men and a sprinkling of women standing in an open area. A handwritten note under the photograph (penned by John Curtin) reads 'Have Ye Answered O my People' ...

Teacher resource

Political rhetoric and propaganda - unit of work

This unit focuses on political propaganda and rhetoric used in Australia, particularly during the Second World War. It uses speeches, photos, posters and films to provide students with the opportunity to analyse the ways in which messages can be conveyed in wartime and encourages them to be more critical of the information ...

Video

Helping our heroes, 1918

This is an extract from the 367th edition of the silent newsreel, 'Australasian Gazette', filmed and screened in 1918. The extract shows men and women of the Randwick Volunteer Workers Association clearing land intended for servicemen returning from the First World War. It also shows the women serving the men with cups ...

Image

Flyer advertising 'The Echo' newspaper, 1916

This is a flyer, with a note penned by John Curtin (1885-1945) on the reverse, advertising the launch in Melbourne on 16 October 1916 of an anticonscription daily newspaper: 'The Echo'.

Video

Charity bazaar for Gallipoli heroes - asset 2

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of a Red Cross bazaar held in 1915 in Martin Place, Sydney, for troops in Gallipoli. It shows a stall with a banner 'Red Cross Produce Workers Market for the War Chest' and women selling spring flowers and pinning ribbons on men's lapels.

Video

Cartoons of the Moment - Miss Australasia, c1914: Allied apparel

This black-and-white clip shows a sketch of a woman in smart daywear with accessories and comments on the changed buying habits of Australian women during wartime. After the animated title the cartoonist is shown in his study. He responds to something he reads in a newspaper and the film cuts to his sketch. As the sketch ...