History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The US civil rights movement and its influence on Australia (ACDSEH105)

Elaborations
  • outlining the Freedom Rides in the US, how they inspired civil rights campaigners in Australia, and how they became a turning point in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples' struggle for rights and freedoms
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Aboriginal history,  Activism,  Torres Strait Islander history,  American history,  Civil rights

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Elie Wiesel: Holocaust survivors' storyteller

This is a 1996 interview with Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, writer, activist, commentator and teacher. He discusses his childhood and family in Romania; the texts and stories that influenced him; his desire as a Holocaust survivor to be both a silent and vocal witness for other survivors; the importance of sensitivity; ...

Teacher resource

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

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Rosa Parks: standing up for freedom

This is a 1995 interview with Rosa Parks, the American civil rights activist. She discusses her decision of 40 years before to refuse to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama; the bus boycott that followed; and the rise of Dr Martin Luther King Jr. The full interview is presented in text ...

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Charles Perkins fights for racial equality

Why is Charles Perkins remembered as a significant leader in the struggle for the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples? In this clip, he looks back on two campaigns that brought him to public attention in the 1960s and were part of a wider struggle to end racial discrimination in Australia. This clip ...

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Stories: legacies of who we are

This is a video showing educator and storyteller Awele Makeba telling the story of Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old African-American who in 1955 refused to surrender her seat on a bus to a white person in Montgomery, Alabama. Makeba re-enacts some of the events of 2 March 1955 when Colvin's action led to her arrest. She ...

Teacher resource

US Civil rights movement

The 1960s witnessed a revolution in the struggle for the rights of African Americans in cities and towns throughout the USA. Investigate the mood of African Americans in Harlem in 1968 following the assassination of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Witness lawyers, activists and a police inspector discussing their responses ...

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African American disadvantage in the 1960s

Find out about the frustration and anger of African Americans and their experiences of racism in the 1960s. Discover what disadvantaged African Americans living in Harlem in 1968 had in common with African Americans living in the wealthy, advantaged suburbs.

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Defending civil rights: an activist's perspective

What happens when the members of a society feel like they have no hope? This is the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in 1968, who find themselves in a cycle of poverty. Civil rights activists like Al Cook offer a solution to the problem: fight back.

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Power, religion and the civil rights movement

Imagine what you could achieve if you joined together with people who thought the same way as you did about an important issue? In a panel interview in 1960, US entertainer and rights activist Paul Robeson points out the potential political power African Americans could wield if they voted as a bloc, or single group.

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.

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US race riots, 1968

Imagine a country arming its police force with tanks, heavy weapons and chemicals to combat its own people. This extract shows the escalation of violence and the results of racism in the USA in 1968. Army, police and fire units are shown practising new riot control activities in preparation for expected violent demonstrations ...

Interactive Resource

Treasures of American history - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition showing the objects, artefacts and images that make up some of the treasures of US history. The treasures shown in this exhibition document eight of the challenging situations and issues that have helped to shape the USA. Topics include: revolution and the new nation; slavery; western expansion; ...

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Forms of protest

Imagine the internal conflict for an African American policeman in 1968 New York. Against a background of race riots stimulated by racial inequality, African American policeman Chief-Inspector Frederick Waithe must convince African Americans to act within the law. At the same time he sympathises with their grievances.

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Race riots after the death of Martin Luther King

Discover what the USA was trying to come to terms with in 1968 after the assassination of Martin Luther King. Destruction and killing in more than 100 cities is what followed the event. This Weekend Magazine special report features African American civil rights activist Floyd McKissick commenting on the riots and calling ...

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African Americans demand change, 1968

Imagine that, like many African Americans growing up before the sweeping changes in America in the 1960s, you cannot eat alongside white people, go to white schools, or even ride in the same part of a public bus, even though slavery was abolished more than a century before. This 1968 clip explores the experience of Mae ...

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Attaining equality

Explore the idea of pride in your forebears as famous entertainer and civil rights activist Paul Robeson reflects on being both African American and a citizen of the USA. In this 1960 'Spotlight' panel discussion, Robeson points out the difficulty and importance of gaining equality in a society that is based on conquest ...

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African Americans and 'white man's welfare'

Examine the daily struggle faced by African Americans living in poverty in Harlem in the 1960s. Single mother Kitty Fernelle provides for herself and her three children with the help of welfare (social services payments) and the support of her local church. At the same time, activist African Americans are calling for black ...

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

Teacher resource

Changing rights and freedoms, 1964-75 - unit of work

In this unit of work, students undertake guided specific research into significant events in the campaign for improved rights for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people between 1964 and 1975. Students also engage in sequencing activities in order to develop contextual understandings of this part of Australian history, ...

Video

Blood Brothers - From Little Things Big Things Grow, 1993: Wave Hill walkout

This clip shows singer-songwriters Kev Carmody and Paul Kelly discussing the background to their song 'From little things big things grow', which tells the story of the Wave Hill walkout. The clip includes footage of Kelly performing the song, black-and-white television footage of the striking stockmen and their families, ...

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'United States slave trade, 1830'

This is a black-and-white print showing the trading of slaves in the USA. Two white men, one on horseback and both carrying whips, appear to be negotiating the sale of five slaves seen on the left in shackles. A woman and two children, also in chains, appear on the right. In the background are slaves working in the fields, ...

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'Girl at Gees Bend', 1937

This is a black-and-white photograph of Artelia Bendolph, a member of an African American tenant farming family at Gee's Bend in Alabama, USA. The photograph was taken by Arthur Rothstein. Bendolph is portrayed looking out through an unglazed window. The open window shutter lined with sheets of newspaper is to the left ...

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

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Sharing stories: community

This is a rich resource about the importance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' communities and identities. It consists of an introduction; a teacher guide; a film, 'My people, the Karajarri people', made by Wynston Shoveller about the Mowla Bluff massacre in the Kimberley region in 1916; and a video interview ...

Teacher resource

Citizenship: Let's talk recognition

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 28-page pdf about citizenship learning, how citizenship is shaped by social and cultural forces, and how it relates to Reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Beginning with a historical summary and ...

Teacher resource

Magna Carta: The story of our freedom

This is a resource about the Magna Carta (Great Charter) agreed between King John and his rebellious barons in 1215 and its influence on the development of human rights and democratic freedoms to the present day. The resource consists of: an animated infographic ‘Tell the story’ with hyperlinks to further information; an ...

Teacher resource

Forgotten heroes

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 29-page PDF about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women who joined the Australian Armed Services during times of war. The education pack is introduced by background notes, and is organised in three main sections: Early Years; Primary Years; and Middle Years. Each section ...