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History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Examination of significant events of World War II, including the Holocaust and use of the atomic bomb (ACDSEH107)

Elaborations
  • investigating the scale and significance of the Holocaust, using primary sources
  • explaining the race to build the atomic bomb (by Germany, Japan, the US) and why the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Military campaigns,  World War II,  Genocide,  Nuclear weapons

Video

Turning young civilians into regular soldiers

Australia was not the only country to debate the issue of conscription. This Movietone newsreel from the late 1930s shows Great Britain considering the merits of conscripting young men into the armed services.

Video

Tragic consequences of Japan's modernisation

Japan went through a remarkable transformation between 1868 and the death of the Emperor Meiji in 1912. But Japan's modernisation was accompanied by its rise as an imperialist power, with tragic results. Watch this clip to learn about the consequences of Japan's dream of empire. This clip is last in a series of six.

Video

Legacy of Nazism in modern Vienna

Why did Nazis in Austria dig up hundreds of human remains from graves in Vienna's Währing Jewish cemetery? Join reporter Mark Corcoran as he visits a Viennese museum to search for the remains of an 18th-century Jewish baroness. He makes some disturbing discoveries there. This clip from 2007 is the second of two.

Video

Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

Video

Uncovering a chapter of the Holocaust

What happened to the Jewish population of Vienna, Austria's capital, during World War II? Its members were among the estimated six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. In this clip from 2007, find out about the prolonged campaign of historian Tina Walzer to reclaim Vienna's Jewish heritage. The clip is the first of two.

Video

A lasting memory of horror

This bleak and confronting video shows some of the scenes encountered by British politicians and film crews when they visited Nazi concentration camps shortly after their liberation in 1945. The footage provides evidence of the atrocities committed in concentration camps, particularly in Buchenwald and Belsen, and removes ...

Video

Allied forces strike back in the Pacific

World War II spread to the Pacific region following the Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Japanese forces took control of much of South-East Asia and the islands of the southwest Pacific. Having been overwhelmed by the speed and severity of the Japanese advance, Allied forces ...

Video

Japan enters World War II

The Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 caught the USA, Britain and their allies by surprise, as did the rapid progress of Japanese forces through Southeast Asia. This British Movietone newsreel captures Great Britain's response to Japan's sudden entry into World War II.

Video

Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...

Online

Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...

Online

The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

Text

WWII: witnessing the Holocaust

The resource contains personal accounts of persecution and genocide committed by the Nazi regime. It consists of broadcasts, a recording and documents. It includes 17 interviews with people who were survivors of concentration camps or were among the first to enter the camps after they were liberated. There are nine documents, ...

Text

World War II: summary outline of key events

This resource is a summary of key events of World War II from 1939 to 1945. It is organised as an annotated timeline with brief descriptions of the events of each year. Further information about the context and background to the main events of each year is included under the timeline.

Interactive

Interactive map of Auschwitz

This interactive map is about the evolution of the concentration camp complex at Auschwitz in Poland. It outlines the racial and biological basis of Nazi persecution, and traces the development of the camp established at Auschwitz. A series of maps and explanatory text describe: German territorial expansion by 1942; anti-Jewish ...

Image

The German Club in Adelaide decorated for Hitler's birthday, 1939

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the German Club in Adelaide decorated for a celebration of the 50th birthday of the German Fuhrer (leader) Adolf Hitler. The photograph, which was taken on 20 April 1939 just five months before the start of the Second World War, shows a flight of flower-adorned steps leading ...

Audio

Kokoda campaign, 1942

Have you ever heard of the Kokoda Trail? This was the site of one of Australia's most famous campaigns in World War II, one that helped to define the national character. From July to November 1942, this rugged jungle trail saw some of the most fiercely contested battles for territory between the Australians and the Japanese. ...

Video

The fall of Singapore, February 1942

Experience the shock and despair of Australian soldiers on the island of Singapore in February 1942, as Japanese forces invade what was held to be Britain's 'island fortress'. This video follows events from 8 February, when many thousands of Japanese launched attacks from the tip of Malaya, up to 15 February when the British ...

Video

Ronald Reagan: commemorating heroism

Few things reveal both the best and worst of humanity more than war. The D-Day landings of World War II were full of horror and heroism and are commemorated in this speech by former President of the United States of America, Ronald Reagan. Explore the construction of this speech and how it is shaped to suit audience and purpose.

Video

Trebuchets and sieges

In medieval wars the trebuchet and other siege engines were used to attack castles and destroy defences. Trebuchets catapulted huge boulders, smashing down walls. They could also be used to fire diseased bodies and dead animals into a besieged castle or walled city.

Video

Military success for WW II Allies in North Africa

In August 1940, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini ordered the invasion of Egypt. His plan was, in part, to take control of the Suez Canal and the rich oil fields that lay beyond. In December 1940, Allied forces launched a successful counterattack, recapturing the fortified town of Sidi Barrani and pushing on to Tobruk in ...