History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Examination of significant events of World War II, including the Holocaust and use of the atomic bomb (ACDSEH107)

Elaborations
  • investigating the scale and significance of the Holocaust, using primary sources
  • explaining the race to build the atomic bomb (by Germany, Japan, the US) and why the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Military campaigns,  World War II,  Genocide,  Nuclear weapons

Collection

The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

Interactive Resource

Video challenge

This is an interactive resource about taking positive action in the community. Students see: how Oskar Schindler made a difference to the lives of Holocaust survivors; how Kurt Messerschmidt made a difficult choice during the Kristallnacht Pogrom of 1938; and how students today got started on community action and what they ...

Collection

Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...

Interactive Resource

My story matters

This is an interactive resource about the importance of sharing personal stories, in particular Holocaust survivors sharing testimony. It is introduced by video and text defining testimony, tracing the history of the Holocaust, and explaining the purpose of the IWitness Archive. Scaffolded student activities in the resource ...

Interactive Resource

Personal strength to survive

This is an interactive resource about cultural and spiritual resistance in the ghettos during the Holocaust. It is introduced by clips from the testimony of survivors Roman Kent, Frieda Aaron, Edith Sheldon and Kurt Messerschmidt describing how people resisted in the Lodz, Warsaw and Theresienstadt ghettos. Scaffolded student ...

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Japan enters World War II

The Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 caught the USA, Britain and their allies by surprise, as did the rapid progress of Japanese forces through Southeast Asia. This British Movietone newsreel captures Great Britain's response to Japan's sudden entry into World War II.

Interactive Resource

Chance and choice: a survivor's story

This is an interactive resource in which students analyse Holocaust survivor Lusia Haberfeld's testimony to identify whether her survival occurred by chance or because of specific choices, and present their findings as a video project. The resource begins with questions about the poem ‘Could have’ by Wislawa Szymborska, ...

Moving Image

Uncovering a chapter of the Holocaust

What happened to the Jewish population of Vienna, Austria's capital, during World War II? Its members were among the estimated six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. In this clip from 2007, find out about the prolonged campaign of historian Tina Walzer to reclaim Vienna's Jewish heritage. The clip is the first of two.

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Tragic consequences of Japan's modernisation

Japan went through a remarkable transformation between 1868 and the death of the Emperor Meiji in 1912. But Japan's modernisation was accompanied by its rise as an imperialist power, with tragic results. Watch this clip to learn about the consequences of Japan's dream of empire. This clip is last in a series of six.

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Ruth Brand

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Ruth Brand. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of her life story, students consider one aspect of her experience, such as fasting for ...

Moving Image

Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

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The bombardment of Singapore

Singapore was a bustling commercial centre at the beginning of World War II, strategically located alongside busy shipping lanes between the Indian and Pacific oceans. In January 1942, it remained an outpost of the British Empire. A month later, it had fallen to the Japanese. Before the arrival of Japanese soldiers on the ...

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A lasting memory of horror

This bleak and confronting video shows some of the scenes encountered by British politicians and film crews when they visited Nazi concentration camps shortly after their liberation in 1945. The footage provides evidence of the atrocities committed in concentration camps, particularly in Buchenwald and Belsen, and removes ...

Interactive Resource

The price of freedom: Americans at war - online exhibition

This is a richly illustrated online exhibition about Americans at war by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. It contains 13 major sections, one comprising up to 18 screens, covering conflicts from the War of Independence (1775-83) to 'new American roles' (1989-present). The exhibition also provides the ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Helen Fagin

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Helen Fagin. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of Fagin's life story, students consider one aspect of her experience, such as her escape ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Kurt Messerschmidt

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Kurt Messerschmidt. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as the ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Roman Kent

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Roman Kent. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as the forms of ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Howard Cwick

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust witness Howard Cwick, an American soldier present at the liberation of Buchenwald camp. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Ellis Lewin

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Ellis Lewin. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as his role in ...

Moving Image

Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...