History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The significance of World War II to Australia’s international relationships in the twentieth century, with particular reference to the United Nations, Britain, the USA and Asia (ACDSEH110)

Elaborations
  • evaluating the impact of World War II on the emergence of the United States as a major world power and on Australia’s alliance with the US (for example, the threat of Japan)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

World War II,  International relations

Text

Broome during World War II

This web site focusses on the events in Broome during World War II, in particular the air raids in 1942 and the aftermath. The site includes a virtual museum that includes photographs, newspaper articles, film clips and interviews for students to engage with historical information from a range of sources. The education ...

Collection

The Cold War 1945-1991

Cold War tensions between the USA and the USSR became so significant that a potentially disastrous nuclear war seemed imminent.

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How does the United Nations work?

Watch this clip to learn how the United Nations (the UN) works. It was established in 1945. What is its purpose?  What are some of the major areas it deals with? Which countries are permanent members of the Security Council? And what is the General Assembly? Can you list some of the achievements of the UN? Why not do some ...

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John le Carré: the Berlin Wall

Imagine the impact of a wall built to divide a city in two: on one side communist East Berlin, on the other the democratic West. Acclaimed spy writer John le Carré witnessed the construction of the Berlin Wall, an icon of the Cold War. Listen to his recollections of this extraordinary event in modern history.

Teacher resource

Unscrambling acronyms – Australia-Japan relations

This learning sequence explores significant international relations between Australia and Japan as understood through a collection of major treaties, organisations and rulings. After unscrambling the acronyms, students take on the role of an historian to offer a considered understanding of the continuity and change evidenced ...

Interactive Resource

The price of freedom: Americans at war - online exhibition

This is a richly illustrated online exhibition about Americans at war by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. It contains 13 major sections, one comprising up to 18 screens, covering conflicts from the War of Independence (1775-83) to 'new American roles' (1989-present). The exhibition also provides the ...

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Public reactions to sending troops to Vietnam War

Do you think Australian governments have always acted wisely when deciding to send young Australians to wars? Does the public usually know enough to support such decisions? On 29 April 1965, Australia's prime minister, Robert Menzies, announced the decision to send Australian troops to fight in Vietnam. In this clip, filmed ...

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Melbourne moratorium against Vietnam War

It's 1970 and the streets of Melbourne are clogged with protesters who want to end Australia's support for the Vietnam war. But they are not the only ones who have turned out. There are those who support the war, curious onlookers, and members of the press. The different views of those in attendance hint at the unrest caused, ...

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Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

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Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

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Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...

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Superpower shift: the changing global economy

Are the days of the world's greatest superpower numbered? Is the USA really in decline? The 21st century is witnessing the rise of powerful new economies in the world, particularly those of China and India. In this clip from The Drum, Associate Professor Brendon O'Connor considers the implications of a global shift in economic ...

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Fighting conscription, 1966

What would you do If your government tried to force you to fight in what you believed to be an unjust war? Conscription (compulsory military service) was instated in Australia in 1964. From 1965 to 1972, Australian troops, including conscripts, were sent to the Vietnam War. Listen to US President Johnson encouraging Australians ...

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The pros and cons of National Service

The National Service scheme was introduced to Australia in 1964 by the Menzies government. Young men whose birthdays were drawn in a ballot spent two years training in the 'Regular Army Supplement', then three years in the Regular Army Reserve on a part-time basis. National servicemen were likely to be sent to fight in ...

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1950s nuclear tests: Monte Bello Islands

Discover what happened when British nuclear tests were carried out on Australian territory at the Monte Bello Islands, just 70 kilometres off the Western Australian coast. In 1947, Britain began to develop its own nuclear weapons and in the early 1950s the Australian Liberal-Country Party government led by Robert Menzies ...

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Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 1

Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia in 1973 to meet with president Suharto. During his visit, the prime minister talks to the Indonesian president about improving the relationship between the two countries, by - amongst other things - creating a new grouping of Asian and Pacific nations including Australia.

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Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

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Indonesia's president visits Australia

What happens when the president of Indonesia visits Australia for the first time in 2010? In this clip, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first Indonesian president to address the Australian Parliament. His visit is particularly important because he vows to make people smuggling illegal. However, it is almost overshadowed ...

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Judgement and justification after the Iraq War

What are the consequences of human rights abuses in a time of war? In March 2003, the USA led a coalition of nations in a military campaign in Iraq. One of the main justifications for the war was the reported existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) but as the war progressed and no WMDs were found, suspicion about ...

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Konfrontasi: Indonesia's undeclared war

How do you distract your citizens from the hardships they face? You give them a common enemy. This clip from 1966 reveals the way in which President Sukarno rallied Indonesians behind an undeclared war against Malaysia, which he painted as a puppet of the United Kingdom.