History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The intensification of environmental effects in the twentieth century as a result of population increase, urbanisation, increasing industrial production and trade (ACDSEH125)

Elaborations
  • investigating the impact of early texts that warned about environmental change (for example, Silent Spring by Rachel Carson, 1962; Don’t it make you want to go home by Joe South, 1970; Mother Earth News magazine in 1970; Mercy mercy me (the ecology) lyrics by Marvin Gaye, 1971)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Human impact,  Urbanisation,  Population dynamics,  Pollution

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Funding conservation charities

Imagine that, while working for a company responsible for pollution, you were a member of a commission to control pollution. This clip looks at such conflicts of interest between big business and conservation. The reporter explores the issue of whether an anti-pollution commission can be truly independent if people holding ...

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How was the modern world created?

This 11 minute video in two parts offers an overview of the three forces of change in the past 100 years which helped create the modern world. Part 1 looks at how the three drivers of change - global exchange networks, competitive markets and increasing use of energy - began to operate with more and more power. Part 2 looks ...

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Industrialisation versus conservation

The conflict between industry and conservation is not a new one. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the conflict between those wishing to preserve Australia's natural environment and those representing industrial interests. Industry is shown to be spending millions of dollars to prevent pollution. ...

Teacher resource

The Australian environment movement: 1970–80

Why and how did the Australian environment movement gain political momentum in the early 1970s? This resource's media footage from that time reflects elements of the environment movement's growing influence, its values, language, arguments, strategies, accommodations and political challenges.

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Peter Beggs and public reserves

Imagine that the beautiful stretch of foreshore that you had maintained and developed was actually a public reserve that you had appropriated for your own use. This is what happened with the Hermitage Foreshore Reserve in Woollahra; a situation that was exposed by activist and conservationist Peter Beggs in 1980. This clip ...

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Public access denied

How can the public reclaim their right to access to Sydney's harbourside reserves? This 1980 clip from ABC's 'Nationwide' program shows reporter Richard Palfreyman discussing with conservationist Vincent Serventy the battle between private and public interest around the edges of the Sydney Harbour. They discuss ways private ...

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Teacher resource

Digital Stories of the Land

This is website that presents a collection of digital stories about the connection people have with their surroundings, in particular the land. The resource has three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 11 Story Objects, all videos that present personal stories of ...

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Through our eyes: series 1

This series of 18 short videos provides insights into the land management practices and social, spiritual and cultural knowledge of the Ngemba, Kamilaroi and Euahlayi Aboriginal language groups in north-western NSW. The videos are presented by the Aboriginal Elders and knowledge-holders and cover a range of topics including ...

Interactive Resource

What house is that?

This is an interactive streetscape of nine houses, each from a different era and of different styles. They represent the nine main housing styles in Victoria. Information about each of the houses includes: features and style; the Architect; designers; historical observations; house owners; and general social history of ...

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Epidemic diseases in 19th- and 20th-century Australia

This collection of digital curriculum resources is organised into eight disease categories - influenza; tuberculosis; diphtheria; poliomyelitis; smallpox; whooping cough; measles; and bubonic plague. Some of these occurred in huge epidemics such as the Spanish influenza epidemic of 1918-19. Some, such as bubonic plague, ...

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Victorian Heritage Database

This is a rich, interactive resource that lists Victoria’s most significant heritage: places, objects, shipwrecks and archaeological sites. It has four main sections: Introduction; Explore heritage map; Recommended tours; and Timeline browser. The Explore heritage map searches for sites and provides information and images ...

Video

Snowy Hydro - Snowy 69, 1969: Opening the Murray 1 Power Station

This clip shows Prime Minister Harold Holt opening the Murray 1 project, part of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme, in July 1967. Holt is shown arriving in a motorcade at the Murray 1 Power Station, touring the facility and pulling a lever to activate a generator. The large crowd that attended the opening is also ...

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Snowy Hydro - Snowy 69, 1969: Overview of the Scheme

This clip shows a detailed overview of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. It uses a map and a model of the Snowy Mountains region, with footage of the Scheme, to show how the Scheme was designed to divert water from rivers in the Snowy Mountains to seven power stations and then into the Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers ...

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Oil tank in Darwin burning after Japanese attack, 1943

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in Darwin on 15 March 1943, showing an oil tank burning fiercely after being bombed during a Japanese air raid. Large clouds of black smoke billow up from the burning tank. In the foreground a group of seven Australian military personnel are bunched behind an asbestos shield to ...

Video

Snowy Hydro - Conservation in the Snowy Mountains, 1955: Clearing methods invite bushfire

This clip, from 1955, shows the devastating environmental effects of land clearing and grazing in the high country (subalpine and alpine regions) of the Snowy Mountains in south-eastern New South Wales and north-eastern Victoria. Over scenes of dead trees and bare hills, the narrator describes the practice of intentional ...

Teacher resource

Heritage Council Victoria: resources for teachers and students

This is a collection of resources exploring Victoria’s history and heritage. There are four main sections. The Victoria's Framework of Historical Themes section includes a downloadable teacher guide and lesson starters, it is organised in historical themes. The Vic-Heritage App section provides search functionality to find ...

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Habitability map of Australia, 1946

This is a black-and-white map of Australia showing areas of 'habitability' (where people can live) based on the quality of agricultural or pastoral land. The map shows the correlation between quality of agricultural and pastoral land and density of population, which is indicated by black lines. Coalfields are also noted ...

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Welcome to Bonegilla Migrant Camp

Following World War II, the Australian government was eager to increase the country’s population. The war reminded Australians that their small population would not withstand an enemy invasion. Further, a larger workforce was needed to develop the postwar economy. European people, many displaced by the war and the spread ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See – maritime disasters

The sea and ships hold a fascination for humankind that is one of discovery, geography, science and history, yet also one of peril. This web page has links for the history and human aspects of maritime disasters, timed for the centenary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic.