History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The growth and influence of the environment movement within Australia and overseas, and developments in ideas about the environment including the concept of ‘sustainability’ (ACDSEH126)

Elaborations
  • recognising the historic impact of the pictures of Earth taken during the Apollo 8 mission and how they influenced people’s view of the world
  • explaining the significance of ideas about the environment (for example, Gaia – the interaction of Earth and its biosphere; limits of growth – that unlimited growth is unsustainable; sustainability – that biological systems need to remain diverse and productive over time; and rights of nature – recognition that humans and their natural environment are closely interrelated)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Environmental stewardship,  Environmental sustainability,  Conservation (Environment)

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Industrialisation versus conservation

The conflict between industry and conservation is not a new one. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the conflict between those wishing to preserve Australia's natural environment and those representing industrial interests. Industry is shown to be spending millions of dollars to prevent pollution. ...

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Threshold 8: The modern revolution

This short video presents an overview of the era culminating in the present time, whereby the earth is dominated by a single species - humans. It discusses how humans became so powerful through the creation of huge global exchange networks which shared ideas, technologies, goods and belief systems; through the discovery ...

Teacher resource

The Australian environment movement: 1970–80

Why and how did the Australian environment movement gain political momentum in the early 1970s? This resource's media footage from that time reflects elements of the environment movement's growing influence, its values, language, arguments, strategies, accommodations and political challenges.

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Funding conservation charities

Imagine that, while working for a company responsible for pollution, you were a member of a commission to control pollution. This clip looks at such conflicts of interest between big business and conservation. The reporter explores the issue of whether an anti-pollution commission can be truly independent if people holding ...

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Lake Pedder's future

How do you measure the worth of a beautiful natural site - in terms of the hydro-electric power it can produce or the beauty, stillness and grandeur that it affords people who visit? This 1972 clip from 'This Day Tonight' focuses on the physical and aesthetic attributes of Tasmania's Lake Pedder. Reporter Peter Ross stands ...

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Coal-waste conflict

Watch this confrontation between a conservationist group and a coal-mining executive in 1973. The coal mine in Coalcliff was given the all-clear from the State Planning Authority to dump coal-mining waste on the Illawarra escarpment. This happened before a planned official inquiry into the issue.

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Jack Mundey, the BLF and 'green bans'

Imagine a trade union whose members fought not only for better pay and working conditions, but to save parts of Australia's natural and built environment. This ABC Nationwide clip explores the career of Jack Mundey during the 1970s when he led the New South Wales branch of the Builders Labourers Federation (BLF) in campaigns ...

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Alpine logging protest

A coffin filled with mountain ash seedlings is carried up the steps of Victoria's Parliament House as part of a demonstration against the logging of mountain ash trees in Victoria's Alpine National Park. Find out why protestors carrying the coffin in this 1980 news clip regarded the proposal to log the mountain ash too ...

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Fighting for Lake Pedder

How far would you be prepared to go in defence of a principle you felt strongly about? Enter a tent on the shores of doomed Lake Pedder in 1972 and listen to three determined people explain why they are protesting against the plan to flood Tasmania's Lake Pedder. The clip includes environmental activist Brenda Hean who ...

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Peter Beggs and public reserves

Imagine that the beautiful stretch of foreshore that you had maintained and developed was actually a public reserve that you had appropriated for your own use. This is what happened with the Hermitage Foreshore Reserve in Woollahra; a situation that was exposed by activist and conservationist Peter Beggs in 1980. This clip ...

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Prince Philip and the conservation debate

Public figures have a high public profile and should act responsibly when commenting on important issues. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the Duke of Edinburgh's apparent change in attitude towards environmental issues. While he suggests that Australia should relax its conservation efforts, ...

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Public access denied

How can the public reclaim their right to access to Sydney's harbourside reserves? This 1980 clip from ABC's 'Nationwide' program shows reporter Richard Palfreyman discussing with conservationist Vincent Serventy the battle between private and public interest around the edges of the Sydney Harbour. They discuss ways private ...

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The fight to save Kelly's Bush

Discover why a determined group of residents in one of Sydney's wealthier suburbs stood up to their local council, the New South Wales government and a big property developer. This ABC report explores the controversy surrounding the planned development of Kelly's Bush, situated beside Sydney Harbour at Woolwich, and the ...

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Video

National parks: Australian Alps

This is a colour clip highlighting the Australian Alps: their landscapes in summer and winter; distinctive flora and fauna; and contribution to Australian identity through the poem 'The man from Snowy River' and the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. The clip contains a long sequence showing stockmen chasing brumbies. ...

Video

Give Trees a Chance: The Story of Terania Creek, 1980: Trees get a chance

This clip shows environmental protesters and police at Terania Creek in northern New South Wales during the month-long occupation of the area in 1979. Protesters and police make their way along a forest track and the narration, by Australian actor Jack Thompson, describes the protest as the 'first all-out environmental ...

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Tasmanian Tiger, 1932: Thylacine

This clip shows silent black-and-white footage of a Tasmanian tiger ('Thylacinus cynocephalus') in captivity. It was filmed in 1932 at Beaumaris Zoo in Hobart, Tasmania, and shows the Tasmanian tiger, or thylacine, in a small enclosure. The thylacine is shown standing, lying, sitting, moving around, pacing, scratching and ...

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Paper Trail, the Life and Times of a Woodchip, 1991: Unprotected forests in danger

This clip shows old-growth forests in south-eastern Australia and some of the animals that inhabit them. A voice-over narration describes the diversity of the forests, explains that science is only just beginning to understand the complexity of their ecosystems. It warns of the devastating environmental effects of destroying ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: getting things done

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore how change can be bought about by people taking action and putting pressure on their elected representatives. The issue of the Franklin Dam in Tasmania is used as a case study. Complete a related task.

Video

A Voice for the Wilderness, 1983: Wilderness

This clip shows colour footage of a pristine forest and some of the creatures that inhabit it. It has a voice-over narrative promoting the importance of the idea as well as the reality of wilderness. A music soundtrack is maintained throughout the clip, which ends with the sound of birdsong.

Interactive Resource

EnviroNorth: outback mobs learning module

This is a multilayered website about the outback. It includes an interactive tool titled Outback Mobs and a unit of work for teachers. The unit of work includes a teaching guide; curriculum links; and a bookshelf listing non-fiction and narrative books about the pastoral industry in northern Australia. The interactive component ...

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Habitability map of Australia, 1946

This is a black-and-white map of Australia showing areas of 'habitability' (where people can live) based on the quality of agricultural or pastoral land. The map shows the correlation between quality of agricultural and pastoral land and density of population, which is indicated by black lines. Coalfields are also noted ...

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Franklin River campaign

How important is the environment in an election campaign? In this clip, explore the issue that changed Australia's conservation landscape forever: the fight to save the Franklin River. Watch how the Tasmanian Wilderness Society used political and media strategies to influence the outcome of the 1983 federal election in ...