History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

Significant events and campaigns that contributed to popular awareness of environmental issues, such as the campaign to prevent the damming of Australia’s Gordon River, the nuclear accident at Chernobyl and the Jabiluka mine controversy in 1998 (ACDSEH127)

Elaborations
  • investigating a range of environmental impacts (for example, the flooding of Lake Pedder in Tasmania, deforestation in Indonesia, the decline of the Aral Sea, the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the whaling industry)
  • explaining the struggle over French nuclear weapon testing in the Pacific 1966–1996 (for example, the sinking of the ship, the Rainbow Warrior, in 1985)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Activism,  Environmental management,  Conservation (Environment)

Video

Coal-waste conflict

Watch this confrontation between a conservationist group and a coal-mining executive in 1973. The coal mine in Coalcliff was given the all-clear from the State Planning Authority to dump coal-mining waste on the Illawarra escarpment. This happened before a planned official inquiry into the issue.

Video

Franklin River campaign

How important is the environment in an election campaign? In this clip, explore the issue that changed Australia's conservation landscape forever: the fight to save the Franklin River. Watch how the Tasmanian Wilderness Society used political and media strategies to influence the outcome of the 1983 federal election in ...

Video

Jack Mundey, the BLF and 'green bans'

Imagine a trade union whose members fought not only for better pay and working conditions, but to save parts of Australia's natural and built environment. This ABC Nationwide clip explores the career of Jack Mundey during the 1970s when he led the New South Wales branch of the Builders Labourers Federation (BLF) in campaigns ...

Video

Experiencing an earthquake in Japan

How would your family react if Australia was hit by a huge earthquake and tsunami? This story is about 13-year-old Hiroshi who experienced the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011. Hiroshi shows a home video and describes what conditions were like for those living in Japan immediately after the event. See how Hiroshi ...

Video

Fighting for Lake Pedder

How far would you be prepared to go in defence of a principle you felt strongly about? Enter a tent on the shores of doomed Lake Pedder in 1972 and listen to three determined people explain why they are protesting against the plan to flood Tasmania's Lake Pedder. The clip includes environmental activist Brenda Hean who ...

Video

Lake Pedder's future

How do you measure the worth of a beautiful natural site - in terms of the hydro-electric power it can produce or the beauty, stillness and grandeur that it affords people who visit? This 1972 clip from 'This Day Tonight' focuses on the physical and aesthetic attributes of Tasmania's Lake Pedder. Reporter Peter Ross stands ...

Video

The fight to save Kelly's Bush

Discover why a determined group of residents in one of Sydney's wealthier suburbs stood up to their local council, the New South Wales government and a big property developer. This ABC report explores the controversy surrounding the planned development of Kelly's Bush, situated beside Sydney Harbour at Woolwich, and the ...

Interactive

Discovering democracy: getting things done

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore how change can be bought about by people taking action and putting pressure on their elected representatives. The issue of the Franklin Dam in Tasmania is used as a case study. Complete a related task.

Video

Perspectives on the Exxon Valdez oil spill

What happens to the ocean, and to the people who depend upon it, when a massive oil tanker spews oil? In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill polluted waterways and killed the fish that locals in Alaska depended upon to make a living. In this 2008 clip, members of the local community explain how, almost two decades later, they ...

Online

The Australian environment movement: 1970–80

Why and how did the Australian environment movement gain political momentum in the early 1970s? This resource's media footage from that time reflects elements of the environment movement's growing influence, its values, language, arguments, strategies, accommodations and political challenges.

Video

Fighting conscription, 1966

What would you do If your government tried to force you to fight in what you believed to be an unjust war? Conscription (compulsory military service) was instated in Australia in 1964. From 1965 to 1972, Australian troops, including conscripts, were sent to the Vietnam War. Listen to US President Johnson encouraging Australians ...

Video

Prince Philip and the conservation debate

Public figures have a high public profile and should act responsibly when commenting on important issues. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the Duke of Edinburgh's apparent change in attitude towards environmental issues. While he suggests that Australia should relax its conservation efforts, ...

Video

Funding conservation charities

Imagine that, while working for a company responsible for pollution, you were a member of a commission to control pollution. This clip looks at such conflicts of interest between big business and conservation. The reporter explores the issue of whether an anti-pollution commission can be truly independent if people holding ...

Video

Peter Beggs and public reserves

Imagine that the beautiful stretch of foreshore that you had maintained and developed was actually a public reserve that you had appropriated for your own use. This is what happened with the Hermitage Foreshore Reserve in Woollahra; a situation that was exposed by activist and conservationist Peter Beggs in 1980. This ...

Video

Australia's 1967 Referendum

Why have the results of the 1967 Referendum had a lasting symbolic significance? Civil rights activist Faith Bandler describes a long and well-organised struggle for the referendum and the reasons for it. Find out what percentage of Australians voted to alter the Constitution so that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ...

Video

1967 and a new activism

How did the yes vote in 1967 change the way laws were made for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people? The struggle for land rights became the focus of the next wave of Aboriginal activists, who gained domestic and world attention by erecting a tent embassy on the lawns of  Parliament House in Canberra. Why was the ...

Video

Germaine Greer and women's liberation, 1970

Discover what it was like for women who spoke up for equal rights in 1970. Germaine Greer's 'The Female Eunuch' was first published in that year. It would inspire many to challenge traditional views of female and male roles. Listen as, in 1970, Greer expresses her ideas and several Australian women and girls say what they ...

Online

Archives ACT: find of the month

This topic-based collection of primary source material provides a rich and varied source of official documents, guides and background information on the civic history of Canberra and the Australian Capital Territory. Produced monthly, this eclectic collection covers topics including the history of monuments, architecture, ...

Video

The Freedom Ride: there's a lot of work to be done

In February 2015 a busload of students and former activists left Sydney to retrace the journey of the original Freedom Riders, who, in 1965, visited northern New South Wales to observe and confront discrimination suffered by Aboriginal people. In this News clip, meet some of the original Riders, along with representatives ...

Video

TAR-RU: The story of Lake Victoria

This 46 minute video explores the environmental and cultural impact of a dam on Lake Victoria in south western NSW and current efforts to protect the significant Aboriginal heritage and environmental values of the area. It provides a comprehensive historical case study about the Aboriginal culture at TAR-RU and the effect ...