History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The impact of changing government policies on Australia’s migration patterns, including abolition of the White Australia Policy, ‘Populate or Perish’ (ACDSEH145)

Elaborations
  • describing the main features of a government policy that affected migration to Australia, such as the Immigration Restriction Act 1901 and use of the dictation test to restrict the immigration of non-Europeans
  • explaining the reasons for changes in government policy (for example, the influence of White Australia ideology at the time of the introduction of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901; the Displaced Persons Scheme in the aftermath of World War II)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Migration,  Government policy

Teacher resource

Migrants Enriching Australia

This is a rich collection of stories that focuses on the life experiences of two individuals, one of Greek heritage and one of Polish heritage, who immigrated and settled in Victoria post World War II. The resource explores how these people shared their cultural heritage and how this enriched Australian life at this time. ...

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Teacher resource

Digital stories of Immigration

This is a rich collection of digital stories about people who have immigrated to Victoria. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects that include images, videos, links, information, interviews and transcripts. There are ...

Collection

The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

Audio

A view of Australia's identity and immigration

How have the convict era and immigration influenced Australia's view of itself? In this clip from an audio interview, journalist Geraldine Doogue interviews historian John Hirst. They discuss his views about convict heritage, national character, the White Australia policy, racism, and recent immigration, refugee and and ...

Teacher resource

The Globalising World: Changing policies and Australian identity

This is a unit of work about migration to Australia from 1945. It has a particular focus on how migration has shaped Australia as a nation over time. It has four teaching and learning sequences that explore: changes to Australia’s immigration policies including the dismantling of the White Australia Policy; reasons for ...

Interactive Resource

Difference Differently: who can be Australian?

This is a resource with three related sets of student activities that explore the evolution of Australian government policies regarding citizenship and immigration since 1901. It uses historical source material to explore the 'White Australia policy' and case studies about individuals and citizenship. It also examines how ...

Moving Image

The Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1949

How did the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme come to be Australia's greatest economic achievement in the decades following World War II? In this clip, discover what Australia hoped to accomplish through the scheme, and some of the sacrifices that were made for it. Also learn what life was like for migrants from war-devastated ...

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Charles Perkins fights for racial equality

Why is Charles Perkins remembered as a significant leader in the struggle for the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples? In this clip, he looks back on two campaigns that brought him to public attention in the 1960s and were part of a wider struggle to end racial discrimination in Australia. This clip ...

Teacher resource

What sort of nation? - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work about the sort of nation Australia was and is now, how immigration and economic factors have shaped the kind of nation we are, and the sort of country we want to be in the future. It comes from the 'Discovering democracy' series of units and is organised around five focus questions that ...

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Child migrants from Britain

How did Australian immigration policy influence migration experiences? See how and why children from orphanages in Britain came to Australia after the World War II. One of the child migrants, Rose Kruger, tells how she 'volunteered' to come to Australia from Scotland in 1947, and then spent the next nine years in an orphanage ...

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Chinese Australian community, 1972

What was life like for people of Chinese origin living in Australia in 1972? This ABC Weekend Magazine program reports on life in Melbourne's Chinese community and examines how people have adopted the 'Australian way of life' while attempting to maintain aspects of their own rich cultural heritage.

Moving Image

Woolgoolga's Sikh temple attacked by vandals

In 1968, the Sikh temple in Woolgoolga suffered two acts of vandalism. In this clip, a reporter tries to discover why this happened. He considers the different views that existed among members of the community about the incidents. This clip is one in a series of six.

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Reflections on ending the White Australia policy

Why was the abolition of the White Australia policy so important? Steps taken by the Whitlam Labor government in 1973 signalled the end of the legislation behind the policy. Find out which event first led to the new multiracial policy being put into practice. In this clip, you will hear from former prime ministers and ministers ...

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Thai Di's wild kitchen

Have you ever tasted Thai food? Ngamjit Anontaphan, or Thai Di to her friends, cooks Thai cuisine with Australian ingredients. She was born in Thailand but now lives in the Kimberley in Western Australia. Based on what she says in this video, what are some of the similarities between Australia and Thailand that may have ...

Moving Image

Teaching tolerance in Woolgoolga

How accepting of racial differences were Australians in 1968? The Sikh population of Woolgoolga, a small town on the north coast of New South Wales, were not always made welcome among the townsfolk. This clip looks at the Woolgoolga community and the efforts made by its central school to teach tolerance. This clip is one ...

Moving Image

Woolgoolga's Sikhs find equality in the pub

In 1968, members of the local Sikh community were not allowed membership of Woolgoolga's bowling club or RSL. Racial segregation, in which people are banned from certain places or activities because of their race, is an obvious form of racial discrimination. The hotel was one place where Indians were welcome. This clip ...

Moving Image

Woolgoolga's school works to end prejudice

Can schools change social attitudes and help to overcome prejudice? Racial discrimination was practised against Woolgoolga's Sikh population as recently as 1968. In this clip from that year, we find that it is the town's central school that is demonstrating tolerance of cultural diversity. This clip is one in a series of six.

Moving Image

Sikhs make 'no visible impact' in Woolgoolga

From the late 1940s, Australia had an assimilation policy for settling immigrants. Like all non-British migrants, the Sikhs of Woolgoolga were expected to adopt the values and practices of Australian society and display none of their own. This clip, from 1968, looks at the steps taken to fulfil this requirement. This clip ...

Moving Image

Woolgoolga's Sikhs visit the bowling club

Imagine being barred from a club because of your ethnic origins or the colour of your skin. Such discrimination was not unusual in 1960s Australia. In this clip from 1968, see what happens when representatives of Woolgoolga's Indian Sikh community were allowed to visit the town's bowling club for the first time. This clip ...

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Collection

Children and migration to Australia

This collection of digital curriculum resources is about children who migrated to Australia, either with their families or on their own, predominantly during the 20th century. Footage and photographs from the time show the children arriving in Australia and experiencing a migrant reception centre if they were with their ...

Moving Image

Experiencing an earthquake in Japan

How would your family react if Australia was hit by a huge earthquake and tsunami? This story is about 13-year-old Hiroshi who experienced the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011. Hiroshi shows a home video and describes what conditions were like for those living in Japan immediately after the event. See how Hiroshi ...

Collection

Vietnamese refugees and immigrants

This collection of 24 digital curriculum resources is organised into five categories - fleeing Vietnam by boat; the voyage of the Hong Hai; arriving as migrants; living in Australia in the 1970s and 80s; and Vietnamese refugees and the arts. The collection contains interactive learning objects, photographs, artefacts, artworks ...

Collection

British migration to Australia in the 20th century

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources focusing on British immigration to Australia from the 1920s to the 1960s. It is organised into five categories - British migration in the interwar years; British migration after the Second World War; British migration in the 1950s; British migration in the 1960s; and ...

Collection

Italian migration to Australia in the 20th century

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources focusing on Italian immigration to Australia from the 1920s to the 1980s. It is organised into five categories - Italian migration before the Second World War; arriving in Australia in the post-War years; marriage and family life in Australia; Italian Australians in the ...

StillImage

What impacts has immigration had on Australia?

In this unit of work students investigate stories of immigration and the impact migrants have had on Australian society over time. This unit of work uses the objects and displays from the National Museum of Australia's previous Horizons gallery (now replaced by the Australian Journeys gallery) and other Museum exhibitions ...

Collection

Chinese miners on the Australian goldfields

This collection of 12 digital curriculum resources focuses on Chinese prospectors and miners on the Australian goldfields. It is organised into four categories - travelling to the goldfields; living on the goldfields; at work on the goldfields; and opposition to Chinese miners. The collection includes photographs; artworks ...

Collection

'Bound for Botany Bay' - transportation of convicts to New South Wales

This is a collection of 11 digital curriculum resources focusing on the transportation of convicts to the colony of New South Wales. The collection is organised into four categories - the hulks; the First Fleet; the colony's penal stations; and items forming part of the uniforms believed to have been worn by convicts in ...

Video

Immigration: fill it or lose it, 1992

This video clip looks at the political forces and propaganda campaigns that tried to fill Australia with 'pure white' immigrants. 'Immigration: fill it or lose it' is an excerpt from the documentary 'Admission impossible' (54 min), produced in 1992. For much of the 20th century, successive Australian governments pursued ...