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History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The impact of at least ONE world event or development and its significance for Australia, such as the Vietnam War and Indochinese refugees (ACDSEH146)

  • describing the impact of the Vietnam war on Vietnam and how the communist victory in Vietnam (1975) resulted in the arrival of refugees into Australia
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Cambodian history,  Migration,  Vietnamese history

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Teacher resource

Migrants Enriching Australia

This is a rich collection of stories that focuses on the life experiences of two individuals, one of Greek heritage and one of Polish heritage, who immigrated and settled in Victoria post World War II. The resource explores how these people shared their cultural heritage and how this enriched Australian life at this time. ...


Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Teacher resource

Digital stories of Immigration

This is a rich collection of digital stories about people who have immigrated to Victoria. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects that include images, videos, links, information, interviews and transcripts. There are ...


The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

Teacher resource

Cuc Lam's Suitcase

This is a multilayered webpage produced by the National Film and Sound Archive with an embedded 4 minute video discussing the cultural symbolism of Vietnamese refugee Cuc Lam's suitcase. There are supporting sections including a detailed description of the origin of the video; basic background information on the history ...


Muslim journeys

This is a rich resource about the lives of Muslim people who came to Australia from Asia and Europe in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Developed by the National Archives of Australia, it consists of a historical essay by Hanifa Deen illustrated by a collection of archival documents and images. The resource has five tabs: ...

Moving Image

Anti-conscription protest

Stand in the middle of a crowd of young people as they demonstrate peacefully against conscription for the Vietnam War probably some time in the very early 1960s. One young man directs the crowd's issues to Robert Kennedy, the US senator who was later assassinated in the USA.

Teacher resource

The Globalising World: Changing policies and Australian identity

This is a unit of work about migration to Australia from 1945. It has a particular focus on how migration has shaped Australia as a nation over time. It has four teaching and learning sequences that explore: changes to Australia’s immigration policies including the dismantling of the White Australia Policy; reasons for ...

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap: Voices of Vietnam

This resource is a page with a focus on developing student opinion of Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War, with supporting activities and links to resources.


Buntha Nhem

This is a page on the NSW Migration Heritage website that contains the detailed biography of a Cambodian refugee, Buntha Nhem. Mapped to a timeline, Buntha tells his personal story of displacement from Cambodia during the Pol Pot era, and his subsequent migration to Australia via Bangkok in 1983, through recorded video ...

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Cambodian refugees

How do people become refugees? From the late 1960s, the small Southeast Asian nation of Cambodia was dragged into a war that was not of its making. Many thousands of its people suffered terribly when their country was caught up in the Vietnam War. Watch as ABC reporter Andrew Swanton covers the flight of refugees into the ...


Lina Tjoeng

This is a page on the NSW Migration Heritage website that contains the detailed biography of a Cambodian refugee. Through the use of historical timelines, a written memoir, personal photographs and recorded video interviews, Lina Tjoeng reveals her migration journey after she was displaced from Cambodia and subsequently ...


Phiny Ung

This is a page on the NSW Migration Heritage website that details the story of Phiny Ung, a Cambodian refugee who came to Australia in 1980. Phiny's personal account is told through a written memoir, personal photographs and video interviews in which she describes the migration experience of a displaced Cambodian citizen ...


Theau Yorth

This is a page on the NSW Migration Heritage website that contains the detailed biography of a Cambodian refugee who migrated to Australia via Thailand in 1982. Through the use of historical timelines and personal accounts, told through a written memoir and recorded video interviews, Theau Yorth recounts his displacement ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Australia and the Vietnam War

These are online resources for the topic Australia in the Vietnam War Era, including music, images and links to archival video clips from Australian Screen with teachers' notes.

Interactive Resource

Interview with Paul Ham

A series of video clips of an interview with author, Paul Ham. Paul is the author of Kokoda and Vietnam: The Australian War, and worked as the Australian correspondent of the London Sunday Times from 1998 to 2013. He talks about researching and writing history, and about his books on Kokoda and the Vietnam War. The clips ...


A flying start in Afghanistan

What could possibly inspire a child born in war-torn Afghanistan to become the Young Australian of the Year? Akram Azimi, the 2013 Young Australian of the Year, describes members of his Afghan family and their influence on his life. This audio clip from Radio National's Conversations with Richard Fidler is the first in ...


Leaving Cambodia: timeline

This is a website that chronicles the development timeline of Cambodia, detailing the development of modern Cambodia, the years of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge, and the years since. The modern timeline contains links to the life stories of six Cambodian nationals who have migrated to Australia, with key events within the ...


Sovan Goldstraw

This is a page on the NSW Migration Heritage website that contains the detailed biography of a Cambodian refugee, Sovan Goldstraw. Through the use of historical timelines, a written memoir, personal photographs and recorded video interviews, Sovan recalls her migration story after she was displaced from Cambodia to Australia ...