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History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Continuity and change in beliefs and values that have influenced the Australian way of life (ACDSEH149)

Elaborations
  • describing significant examples of continuity and change in beliefs and values, such as democratic ideals, religious beliefs, egalitarianism
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Beliefs,  Social customs

Video

Surfies, clubbies and a changing way of life

What effect did the rise of surfboard riding and its accompanying surf culture have on surf lifesaving? In the early 1960s, surf lifesaving was regarded as a model of the values that underpin the Australian way of life. This clip from 1964 explores the collision between the new surf culture and the traditions of the surf ...

Video

Surf culture hits Australia in the 1960s

How did surf culture change Australian popular culture? Rock music and the concept of the 'teenager' had arrived in Australia in the 1950s but in the 1960s the surfboard gave rise to a new youth subculture. This clip from 1964 explores conflict in the water and cultural changes that came with the rise of the 'surfie'.

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Germaine Greer and women's liberation, 1970

Discover what it was like for women who spoke up for equal rights in 1970. Germaine Greer's 'The Female Eunuch' was first published in that year. It would inspire many to challenge traditional views of female and male roles. Listen as, in 1970, Greer expresses her ideas and several Australian women and girls say what they ...

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Technological change: a threat to workers?

What do you think work was like before computers and other technologies? Discover how Australians in the early 1980s viewed the impact of changing technology in the workplace.

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Married women and work in 1960s Australia

Can you imagine a time when it was uncommon for married women to be part of the workforce? When women who worked outside the home were blamed for their children's poor educational performance and juvenile delinquency? This clip from 1966 examines the rise of working mothers, a controversial development at the time.

Text

The Conversation: class in Australia collection

This collection of short articles critically examine the topic of class in Australia, asking whether it exists and examining relationship between class and aspects such as health, where you live, gender, income inequality and others. The articles support student investigations and in-depth studies of issues relevant for ...

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The 1998 waterfront dispute and Australian values

Imagine being locked out of your job and told it was because you were a member of a union. This is what happened to 1400 waterside workers, members of the Maritime Union of Australia (MUA), on 7 April 1998. The dispute that resulted was one of the most bitter in Australian history. Watch as ABC's 7.30 Report covers events ...

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Suburban sprawl reaches Doncaster East, 1960s

In the 1950s and 60s, suburbs like Doncaster East arose to meet the changing needs of Australian citizens and the government. A 'baby boom' and increased immigration contributed to the expansion of Australian cities as more and more people sought to create their own 'Australian Dream' on a quarter-acre suburban block. Architect ...

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A tour of the nation's capital

In the years following World War II, Australia sought to develop a new identity, one that honoured the past while embracing technological advances and increased political stability. As this clip shows, for many people during this period, Canberra - the nation's capital - served as a metaphor for the sort of place Australia ...

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Not a place for the 'gentler sex'

Why weren't women allowed to drink in the public bars of Queensland hotels in the 1960s? What social beliefs and attitudes would justify such a prohibition? This clip presents responses from a bar attendant and two politicians to a famous protest against the ban in 1965. The clip is third in a series of three.

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Higher density housing: design considerations

Why has living in flats or apartments only recently become a popular choice for many Australian city dwellers? In this clip, architect Michael Garbutt explores changes in higher density housing in Sydney from the late 19th century to the late 20th century. He also discusses the potential for such housing to incorporate ...

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Home of our own, still Aussie 'birthright'?

Discover the characteristics of the Australian dream house in the 1950s and the significance of home ownership during this period.

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Preparing for the Olympic Games, 1956

Discover why the 1956 Olympic Games were so significant for Australia. Australian Olympic officials hoped that the games would allow Australia to be seen as a modern, vibrant, and tolerant nation. This was a rare opportunity for a predominantly white nation to be exposed to greater cultural diversity. As preparations were ...

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Rise of a media mogul: Rupert Murdoch, 1967

What does it take to become a media mogul? The name of Rupert Murdoch, one of Australia's most successful businesspeople, has been a significant feature of the media industry since the early 1950s. In this clip, listen to Murdoch explain his plans to expand his media holdings across Australia and see how he was perceived ...

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Aquarius counterculture descends upon Nimbin

What would you do to save your home town? By the early 1970s, the northern NSW town of Nimbin was in serious decline. Somewhat hesitantly, local residents agreed to allow the huge Aquarius Festival to come to town, bringing alternative music, lifestyles and values. And money. And people who stayed. Discover how Nimbin locals ...

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Alvin Toffler discusses women's liberation

How was Australian society affected by the women's liberation movement in the 1960s and 70s? One issue, the struggle for women to access the same opportunities as men, caused much uncertainty about the future of the family. In this clip, writer and futurist Alvin Toffler offers his unique take on women's liberation and ...

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Makeup and manners: roles for 12-year-old girls

How have society's expectations of young women changed in since the 1970s? This report from the ground-breaking current affairs program This Day Tonight provides an indication of the sorts of opportunities available to young women in the 70s.

Audio

The 'inauguration' of Lake Burley Griffin

Do most Australians think Canberra is a great city and that water makes a city 'great'? Former prime minister Sir Robert Menzies certainly thought so. When the American architect Walter Burley Griffin submitted his design for Australia's new capital city in 1911, it included damming a river to create a lake. Listen to Menzies' ...

Video

Germaine Greer on rock culture

Does music have the power to change the world? From the 1950s rock 'n' roll to later popular music of the 60s and 70s, music encouraged teenagers to rebel against the ideas and beliefs of earlier generations and, in some instances, to change society for the better. In this clip, explore some of these changes from the perspective ...

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Dismissal of the Whitlam government, 1975

On 11 November 1975, something happened that had never occurred before in Australia and has not happened since. It was the sacking of an elected prime minister, and therefore also his government, by an unelected office-holder, the governor-general, who was appointed by the prime minister. How could such a thing happen? ...