English / Foundation / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letters and sounds including onset and rime to spell words (ACELA1438)

Elaborations
  • recognising the most common sound made by each letter of the alphabet, including consonants and short vowel sounds, for example ‘p-op’
  • breaking words into onset and rime, noticing words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’
  • breaking words into onset and rime to learn how to spell words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’, ‘t-all’ and ‘f-all’
  • building word families using onset and rime, for example ‘h-ot’, ‘g-ot’, ‘n-ot’, ‘sh-ot’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Spelling,  Syllables

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Year level F-2
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Learning area English
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Rhyme - sound, beat, repeat

'Like' and 'bike' are rhyming words. They are fun to say together. Nursery rhymes have many words that sound the same.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Letter planet: a, e, o

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter. Select words with 'a', 'e' or 'o' in them. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same vowel and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words in the appropriate order. ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Letter planet: s, c, b

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter. Select words that begin with 's', 'c' or 'b'. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same starting letter and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words in the ...

Teacher resource

Lego Spelling! An English Lesson Plan that will have your kids building words in no time.

This activity uses Lego blocks to help children form a connection between the sounds they hear in words and the letters used to phonetically spell words. It is targeted at Foundation, but as you will see, is easily adaptable to multiple year levels.

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Sound and letter mysteries in the Magic Bag

Abracadabra and hocus-pocus! The Magic Bag has common blends and digraphs, including 'ch', 'all' and 'ink', as well as alphabetical order and commonly used words.

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Can you guess the mystery sound?

Join Harry Spellbound as he tries to win a prize on a game show called The Mystery Sound. Can Harry use the three word clues to guess the mystery sound? Can you?

Teacher resource

TrackSAFE Education Primary School Resources: Foundation, Year 1 and Year 2 English

This unit of work focuses on developing student understanding of the importance of being track safe and the key message 'Stop, Look, Listen, Think'. It builds students' familiarity with the vocabulary and key concepts related to rail safety and provides differentiated activities for writers at different stages of development ...

Teacher resource

Phonological spelling

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text illustrating aspects of differentiated teaching in a Foundation English class. The video depicts a teacher gathering and using data to plan for differentiation in the teaching of onset and rime as part of spelling. ...

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Think ink

This short animation shows some tricks with the 'ink' family of words. How many 'ink' words can you think of? Don't wink or blink, you might find a few surprises in this clip from The Magic Bag.

Teacher resource

Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...

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How do you make money fly?

Can you think of words that rhyme with 'fly'? Give it a try. Be amazed at magician Ian's flying money trick. Watch carefully and guess where the money goes. Can Ian make it fly up high? Will he really try or is his promise just a lie?

Interactive Resource

Phonics Fun 4 - iTunes app

Learn letter sounds and rime as you tap pictures and hear letter sounds. Match the letters and sounds to the pictures. Covers 9 letter sounds (a, e, i, o, u, qu, sh, z, v), 5 rimes (ip, ot, x, at, un) in 75 words. Free when reviewed 6/6/15.

Interactive Resource

SpellingCity - iTunes app

Learn and practise your spelling, grammar and vocabulary with 10 multimodal spelling games. Build customised word lists and test yourself on your spelling. SpellingCity is a companion app for the www.spellingcity.com website. Free when reviewed 7/6/15.

Interactive Resource

Little Stars - Word Wizard - iTunes app

Learn and practise spelling and word recognition, on your own or with a partner, in this space-themed game. Answer questions to move your rocket ship and earn stickers on the way. Includes over 150 CVC words. Free when reviewed 6/6/15.

Interactive Resource

SpellingCity - Google Play app

Learn and practise your spelling, grammar and vocabulary with 10 multimodal spelling games. Build customised word listsand test yourself on your spelling. SpellingCity is a companion app for the www.spellingcity.com website. Free when reviewed 7/6/15.

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Made in Australia

Ian the magician tries a trick with three pieces of silk. What will he make in his magic tube? Watch him carefully in case he makes a mistake.

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Making it through customs

Find out what happens when a man returns to Australia carrying some secret items. His suitcase is searched in the customs office. What will the customs officer find that makes them both so annoyed?

Teacher resource

On the farm - unit of work

In this unit of work, students explore the characteristics of farm animals so they can begin to write descriptive text. This unit is particularly aimed at ESL (NESB) students and those who have limited experience of the world beyond their immediate lives. Students have regular opportunities to listen to and use correct ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Words and pictures: rhyme time

Meet Di, an artist who paints rhymes. Help Di paint three pictures by creating rhymes. Choose two words that rhyme such as lizard and wizard. Select a third word to make a phrase, for example a bear under a stair. Watch as Di paints a picture of the rhyming phrase.

Interactive Resource

Spell Block Academy

A spatial-movement, word, puzzle game that has most value for early-primary learners. It has a dictionary that reinforces familiarity with common word families and high-frequency words. The game also has a dictionary editor, which allows teachers and parents to create custom dictionaries that can be used to support classroom/homework ...

Teacher resource

Teaching AC English

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers containing video vignettes and supporting text that demonstrate differentiation and explicit teaching of the Australian Curriculum: English in the areas of reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar across a range of classrooms from Foundation to year 10. The vignettes ...

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'Hey diddle diddle' sung by Teddy Rock

Watch and listen as Buzz, Belle and Bop perform 'Hey diddle diddle' in this animated music video. Then try to create your own sentences that include pairs of words that sound the same at the end (rhyme).

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'It's raining, it's pouring' sung by Teddy Rock

Watch and listen as Buzz, Belle and Bop sing the nursery rhyme 'It's raining, it's pouring' in this animated music video. Next, see if you can think of some other things that might happen to the old man.

Teacher resource

Patterns

This is a unit of inquiry made up of 12 learning sequences for year F in the English for the Australian Curriculum resource. Each learning sequence contains a series of resources, suggested activities to carry out with students and a post-activity reflection. This unit examines patterns in literature and language, with ...

Moving Image

'Incy Wincy Spider' sung by Teddy Rock

Watch and listen to Buzz, Belle and Bop perform the traditional nursery rhyme 'Incy Wincy Spider' in this animated music video. Use the rhyme, sung with a rock beat by Teddy Rock, to discuss, order and retell events.

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: Language of geography

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice in a support unit on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. Illustration 1 examines the processes of reading and writing using a variety of texts and resources. Illustration 2 supports the development of required knowledge and understandings ...

Teacher resource

Smarter Schools approach to teaching beginning reading and spelling

This is a teacher resource about the Smarter Schools strategy successful implemented by 30 Catholic and independent schools in Tasmania to improve the progress of students in reading and spelling. The strategy uses mainly an oral language approach to teaching phonics and phonemic awareness in an integrated and systematic ...