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English / Year 3 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use letter-sound relationships and less common letter patterns to spell words (ACELA1485)

  • using sound and visual spelling strategies to explore less common letter patterns after a short vowel, for example words that end in ‘dge’ such as ‘badge’, ‘edge’, ‘fridge’, ‘dodge’ and ‘smudge’
  • using sound and visual spelling strategies to spell words with three-letter blends, for example ‘str-ip’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Phonics,  Phonemes,  Compound words,  Morphemes,  Spelling

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Year level 3-4
Resource type
Learning area English
Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Letter planet: igh, ear, str

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter pattern. Select words with combinations of 'igh', 'ear' or 'str'. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same pattern and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words ...

Teacher resource

Spelling - sorting words

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text illustrating the use of explicit teaching in year 3, year 7 and year 8 English classes to build spelling knowledge across the years of schooling. The video shows the three class teachers engaging in professional ...

Teacher resource

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Moving Image

A resourceful guide to prefixes and suffixes

Do you know what a prefix and a suffix is? Watch this clip as it explains what they are. Can you think of some words that have been created using a prefix or a suffix that are not included in this clip?

Teacher resource

Focused analysis - spelling

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text on using spelling analysis to inform differentiated teaching and learning in a year 3 English class. In the vignette, teaching colleagues discuss how and why they will differentiate using explicit teaching and flexible ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Super stories: The Abandoned House: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story by making it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

Assessment resource

Super stories: verbs and adverbs: assessment

Assess your ability to choose effective verbs, adverbs and illustrations to increase the impact of a horror story and make it scarier. Explain the reasoning behind some of your choices.

Teacher resource

Teaching AC English

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers containing video vignettes and supporting text that demonstrate differentiation and explicit teaching of the Australian Curriculum: English in the areas of reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar across a range of classrooms from Foundation to year 10. The vignettes ...

Interactive Resource

Spell Block Academy

A spatial-movement, word, puzzle game that has most value for early-primary learners. It has a dictionary that reinforces familiarity with common word families and high-frequency words. The game also has a dictionary editor, which allows teachers and parents to create custom dictionaries that can be used to support classroom/homework ...

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: Active and passive voice

A web page with information, teacher guides and activities on writing sentences using the active and passive voice. This resource supports the BOS NSW Syllabus for the Australian Curriculum in English K–10.

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: words to watch out for - homophones

This is a word game in which students recognise common homophones and pair them by turning over counters to reveal them one by one. There are three levels to the game. In level one, students match six pairs of homophones; in level two, they match eight and in level three, ten. Each word is read aloud and accompanied by ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: Language of geography

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice in a support unit on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. Illustration 1 examines the processes of reading and writing using a variety of texts and resources. Illustration 2 supports the development of required knowledge and understandings ...

Teacher resource

Web-based literacy intervention for struggling readers

This teacher resource describes the Academy of READING online strategy implemented at Palmyra Primary School in Western Australia to help years 2 and 3 students who were making little progress in reading. The resource is organised in eight sections: Summary, Target student group, Method, Results, Lessons learned, Research ...

Moving Image

English Years 3 - 4 with Mrs Jegers: Syllable Surfing

In this lesson, Mrs Jegers teaches you how to monitor your understanding when you're reading. She takes you on a smooth ride, demonstrating how to be a syllable surfer by breaking down larger words by identifying vowel sounds and syllables.

Teacher resource

TrackSAFE Education Primary School Resources: Year 3 and Year 4 English

This unit of work focuses on behaviour in and around tracks and rail infrastructure. Activities build subject-specific vocabulary and understanding of procedural text structures. Guided writing activities support students to develop a series of track safe procedures while a slogan writing activity focuses on effective ways ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-ough' - activity

This is a wordsearch game in which students find 12 examples of words containing the '-ough' common letter pattern hidden on a grid of letters. Students circle the words, which are written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can highlight a word if they need help. This resource is one of a series ...

Teacher resource

Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...

Teacher resource

Principals as Literacy Leaders Project

This teacher resource describes the Principals as Literacy Leaders (PALL) professional learning strategy aimed at strengthening the capability of school principals to bring about improvement in the reading abilities of students in low socioeconomic status and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The resource ...