English / Year 3 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use letter-sound relationships and less common letter patterns to spell words (ACELA1485)

  • using sound and visual spelling strategies to explore less common letter patterns after a short vowel, for example words that end in ‘dge’ such as ‘badge’, ‘edge’, ‘fridge’, ‘dodge’ and ‘smudge’
  • using sound and visual spelling strategies to spell words with three-letter blends, for example ‘str-ip’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Phonics,  Phonemes,  Compound words,  Morphemes,  Spelling

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Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-tion' - activity

This is a wordsearch about the common letter pattern 'tion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 13 examples of words containing or ending with the 'tion' letter pattern, written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides ...

Interactive Resource

Plurals '-s' and '-ies'

This is an interactive resource about plurals, focusing on the use of '-ies' and '-s'. The resource presents four quizzes where the user selects plural endings for up to 30 words ending in 'y'. The user is tested on knowledge, speed and accuracy, and upon completion of each quiz there are scores for the number of questions ...

Teacher resource

Spelling - sorting words

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text illustrating the use of explicit teaching in year 3, year 7 and year 8 English classes to build spelling knowledge across the years of schooling. The video shows the three class teachers engaging in professional ...

Interactive resource

Letter planet: igh, ear, str

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter pattern. Select words with combinations of 'igh', 'ear' or 'str'. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same pattern and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words ...

Teacher resource

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Teacher resource

Focused analysis - spelling

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text on using spelling analysis to inform differentiated teaching and learning in a year 3 English class. In the vignette, teaching colleagues discuss how and why they will differentiate using explicit teaching and flexible ...

Moving Image

A resourceful guide to prefixes and suffixes

Do you know what a prefix and a suffix is? Watch this clip as it explains what they are. Can you think of some words that have been created using a prefix or a suffix that are not included in this clip?

Interactive resource

Super stories: The Abandoned House: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story by making it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

Assessment resource

Super stories: verbs and adverbs: assessment

Assess your ability to choose effective verbs, adverbs and illustrations to increase the impact of a horror story and make it scarier. Explain the reasoning behind some of your choices.

Interactive Resource

The apostrophe: contractions

This is an interactive resource focusing on the use of apostrophes to indicate the omission of a letter. The resource contains 20 examples, each of which presents the user with one or two sentences to be punctuated with apostrophes. The main editing button allows the user to insert apostrophes, and other buttons reveal ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: beat the clock apostrophes - activity

This is a multilevel activity about apostrophes of contraction. Students rewrite words to contract them with an apostrophe and/or an 's'. A hint button reminds students of the basic rules of the use of apostrophes for missing letters and numbers. After completing seven examples their answers are displayed and compared with ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Spellits

This is a set of three graded spelling games presented as mysteries for students to solve. Each game has the choice of an interactive online version or a printable version. Students learn simple spelling guidelines, then complete example exercises to reveal a set of clues that will be used later to solve a puzzle. Students ...

Teacher resource

Teaching AC English

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers containing video vignettes and supporting text that demonstrate differentiation and explicit teaching of the Australian Curriculum: English in the areas of reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar across a range of classrooms from Foundation to year 10. The vignettes ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Spellits: catch that thief

This is a spelling game presented as a mystery that needs to be solved to recover stolen jewels. The game can be played as an interactive online version or a printable version. In the course of their investigations, students learn simple spelling rules about doubling consonants, changing 'y' to 'i', plural nouns, prefixes, ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Words and Pictures: long vowel sounds - write a postcard

This interactive resource has students write a postcard by identifying examples of specific long vowel sounds and then complete words by adding the correct long vowel sounds. The postcard can be personalised and printed once it has been completed. There are ten cards to choose from, nine dealing with a separate long vowel ...

Interactive Resource

Spell Block Academy

A spatial-movement, word, puzzle game that has most value for early-primary learners. It has a dictionary that reinforces familiarity with common word families and high-frequency words. The game also has a dictionary editor, which allows teachers and parents to create custom dictionaries that can be used to support classroom/homework ...

Interactive Resource

The verb 'to do'

This is an activity about the verb 'to do'. The user selects the correct form of 'to do' to complete a series of sentences. Immediate right-wrong feedback is given, and when the sentence is correctly completed it is read aloud. The activity links to a list of six verb forms, all of which include a modal verb and a participle. ...

Interactive Resource


This is a set of four online flash cards showing some of the ways the verb 'to be' can be used in combination with the word 'missing'. The combinations are 'is missing', 'are missing', 'was missing' and 'were missing'. The flash cards show the particular combination on one side, and its function and use in a sentence on ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: words to watch out for - homophones

This is a word game in which students recognise common homophones and pair them by turning over counters to reveal them one by one. There are three levels to the game. In level one, students match six pairs of homophones; in level two, they match eight and in level three, ten. Each word is read aloud and accompanied by ...

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: Active and passive voice

A web page with information, teacher guides and activities on writing sentences using the active and passive voice. This resource supports the BOS NSW Syllabus for the Australian Curriculum in English K–10.