English / Year 6 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of known words, word origins including some Latin and Greek roots, base words, prefixes, suffixes, letter patterns and spelling generalisations to spell new words including technical words (ACELA1526)

Elaborations
  • using a dictionary to explore and use knowledge of word origins, including some Greek roots, to spell words. For example, the Greek roots: ‘ath’ meaning ‘contest’ or ‘outstanding skill’, ‘pent’ meaning the number five, and ‘dec’ meaning the number ten, inform the spelling and meaning of the words ‘athlete’, ‘decathlon’ and ‘pentathlon’
  • applying accumulated knowledge of a wide range of letter patterns and spelling generalisations to spell new words, for example ‘vacuum’, ‘yacht’, ‘ratio’ and ‘synthesis’
  • expanding knowledge of prefixes and suffixes and exploring meaning relationships between words for example ‘disappearance’, ‘submarine’, ‘subterranean’, ‘poisonous’ and ‘nervous’
  • applying accumulated knowledge of a wide range of letter patterns and spelling generalisations to spell new words, for example knowing how and why these words are spelt as follows: ‘reliability’, ‘handkerchief’ ‘receive’, ‘lollies’, ‘trolleys’, ‘climbing’, ‘designed’ and ‘emergency’
  • spelling technical words by applying morphemic knowledge, for example ‘metaphorical’, ‘biology’ and ‘biodegradable’
  • learning about words from other languages, for example ‘umbrella’ comes from the Italian word ombrello, and the word for ‘yabby’ is derived from the Aboriginal word ‘yabij’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Language conventions,  Morphemes,  Spelling,  Affixes

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-tion' - activity

This is a wordsearch about the common letter pattern 'tion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 13 examples of words containing or ending with the 'tion' letter pattern, written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides ...

Moving Image

Study English: word families

Discover some simple ways to build your vocabulary and understand different parts of speech. In this clip, presenter Margot Politis unpacks a video report on electronic crime. You will learn how to build word families and recognise nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. You'll also get some tips on spelling.

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-sion' - activity

This is a wordsearch for words ending in the common letter pattern '-sion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 11 examples of words ending with '-sion' written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides an example of ...

Moving Image

Study English: cause, effect and countries

Discover how to use 'cause and effect' language to improve your writing and speaking. In this clip, presenter Margot Politis unpacks a video report on greenhouse gases. You'll expand your vocabulary and gain tips on spelling the names of some countries and nationalities.

Teacher resource

TrackSAFE Education Primary School Resources: Year 5 and Year 6 English

This unit of work focuses on the influences that impact on safe behaviours in and around tracks, platforms and trains. Guided activities build students' rail safety vocabulary including grammar and word building. Modelled writing activities support students to shape a research-based inquiry investigating factors that impact ...

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Super stories: The Abandoned House: nouns and adjectives

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective nouns and adjectives to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Super stories: The Abandoned House: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story by making it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

Interactive resource

World Wonders TV show: earthquake

Build a script about earthquakes for a television show. Help a researcher to sort facts and pictures. Use a model structure, sample text and images to build an explanation. Include sections on causes, processes and effects. Connect ideas in the script by adding joining words such as 'however' and 'finally'. This learning ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Rainforest: make a walking track

Mark the route for a walking track on a map of a rainforest. Choose a section of track based on instructions about distances, compass directions and grid references. Keep adding sections of track to get to the rest house. As you go, look up the meaning of tricky words.

Interactive resource

Show and tell: here, boy!

Watch a short cartoon about a dog in a backyard. Select phrases to create sentences and build a basic factual recount. Rearrange the phrases to create the best word order in the sentences. Who was involved? What did they do? When, where or how did they do it? Add adjectives and adverbs to make the story clearer and funnier. ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Finish the story: bushfire

Edit a comic book story to make it more exciting and complete. Look closely at a narrative about an adventure where a couple driving home are trapped by a bushfire. Choose an ending. Improve the story by adding adverbs, choosing verbs and changing nouns to pronouns. Choose a title and image for the cover.

Collection

Create interesting writing

This collection of 16 digital curriculum resources provides activities and ideas to develop students' writing skills. It includes focused interactive activities to improve students' writing and to help them to engage audience interest through the use of effective adjectives, adverbs, verbs, metaphors, similes and plot structures. ...

Interactive resource

Dream machine: similes

Build a dream bike using fantasy parts such as a 'time-travel frame' and 'supersonic jet pedals'. Look at a model text that uses similes to describe a 'Wish-come-true bike'. Choose similes to make an interesting description of your own fantasy bike. This learning object is one in a series of two objects.

Assessment resource

Super stories: verbs and adverbs: assessment

Assess your ability to choose effective verbs, adverbs and illustrations to increase the impact of a horror story and make it scarier. Explain the reasoning behind some of your choices.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Super stories: The Sea Cave: nouns and adjectives

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective nouns and adjectives to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

World heritage: Kakadu information display

Look at descriptions of Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory. Help a park ranger to sort facts and pictures for an information display. Use a model structure, sample text and images to build a description for visitors. Include sections on the park's location, wildlife and cultural importance.

Assessment resource

Point of view: newspaper report 1: assessment

Assess your ability to construct a newspaper report by selecting appropriate verbs, adverbial phrases and pronouns. Examine a model newspaper report. Read and listen to two witness reports of a skateboarding accident. Identify the two different points of view. Arrange paragraphs for the newspaper report. Select suitable ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Super stories: The Sea Cave: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Point of view: newspaper report

Examine a model newspaper report to learn about structure and use of verbs, adverbial phrases and pronouns. Read and listen to two witness reports of a skateboarding accident. Identify the two different points of view. Arrange paragraphs for the newspaper report. Select suitable verbs and adverbial phrases for the report. ...