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English / Year 4 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letter patterns including double letters, spelling generalisations, morphemic word families, common prefixes and suffixes and word origins to spell more complex words (ACELA1779)

Elaborations
  • applying generalisations for adding affixes, for example ‘hope’ and ‘hoping’, ‘begin’ and ‘beginning’, ‘country’ and ‘countries’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example the prefix ‘nat’ means source, birth or tribe in ‘nature’, ‘natural’ and ‘native’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example ‘tricycle’, ‘triangle’ and ‘triple’
  • using knowledge of common prefixes and suffixes to spell words and explore their meaning, for example ‘friendly’, ‘calmly’ and ‘cleverly’ and ‘misfortune’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Spelling

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.

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What's the plural for 'octopus'?

Do you know what the plural for octopus is? What about the plural for platypus? See if you can guess the plurals for both before you watch this video. What were your reasons for choosing the plurals you did?

Teacher resource

Morphemic spelling knowledge

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text on explicit teaching of suffixes to build morphemic spelling knowledge in a year 4 classroom. The teacher demonstrates how he develops the students' capacity to learn independently and record consolidated knowledge ...

Teacher resource

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-ough' - activity

This is a wordsearch game in which students find 12 examples of words containing the '-ough' common letter pattern hidden on a grid of letters. Students circle the words, which are written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can highlight a word if they need help. This resource is one of a series ...

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BBC Skillswise: silent letters - information sheet

This is a single-screen information sheet about nine silent letters - silent n, g, b, k, t, h, w, l and u. The information sheet includes a definition of silent letters and an explanation of their origin and how some came to be silent when in earlier periods they were pronounced. It provides three examples for each silent ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-cian' - activity

This is a wordsearch game in which students find ten examples of words ending in the '-cian' common letter pattern hidden on a grid of letters. Students circle the words, which are written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can highlight a word if they need help. This resource is one of a series ...

Teacher resource

Teaching AC English

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers containing video vignettes and supporting text that demonstrate differentiation and explicit teaching of the Australian Curriculum: English in the areas of reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar across a range of classrooms from Foundation to year 10. The vignettes ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: Language of geography

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice in a support unit on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. Illustration 1 examines the processes of reading and writing using a variety of texts and resources. Illustration 2 supports the development of required knowledge and understandings ...

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How many versions of the English language are there?

Did you know that in Australia the way we use, pronounce and spell some words is different from the way they are used, pronounced and spelt in America? Can you list all the countries in the world where English is used? See if you can think of countries not mentioned in this clip.  

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch 'ould' - activity

This is a wordsearch game about the common letter pattern 'ould'. Students search a grid of letters to find ten examples of words containing the 'ould' letter pattern that are written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. An example of the game is provided ...

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BBC Skillswise: words that sound the same - worksheet

This is a single-screen worksheet about the homophones hear-here, knew-new, piece-peace, allowed-aloud and weak-week. It contains a table with missing sections to be completed when printed. For the first of each pair of homophones the table gives a clue to the meaning; for the second it uses the word in a sentence. Students ...

Teacher resource

Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch 'chr-' - activity

This is a wordsearch game in which students find ten examples of words beginning with the 'chr-' common letter pattern hidden on a grid of letters. Students circle the words, which are written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can highlight a word if they need help. This resource is one of a series ...