English / Year 4 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letter patterns including double letters, spelling generalisations, morphemic word families, common prefixes and suffixes and word origins to spell more complex words (ACELA1779)

  • applying generalisations for adding affixes, for example ‘hope’ and ‘hoping’, ‘begin’ and ‘beginning’, ‘country’ and ‘countries’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example the prefix ‘nat’ means source, birth or tribe in ‘nature’, ‘natural’ and ‘native’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example ‘tricycle’, ‘triangle’ and ‘triple’
  • using knowledge of common prefixes and suffixes to spell words and explore their meaning, for example ‘friendly’, ‘calmly’ and ‘cleverly’ and ‘misfortune’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms



A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...


Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.


Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...