English / Year 4 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letter patterns including double letters, spelling generalisations, morphemic word families, common prefixes and suffixes and word origins to spell more complex words (ACELA1779)

Elaborations
  • applying generalisations for adding affixes, for example ‘hope’ and ‘hoping’, ‘begin’ and ‘beginning’, ‘country’ and ‘countries’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example the prefix ‘nat’ means source, birth or tribe in ‘nature’, ‘natural’ and ‘native’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example ‘tricycle’, ‘triangle’ and ‘triple’
  • using knowledge of common prefixes and suffixes to spell words and explore their meaning, for example ‘friendly’, ‘calmly’ and ‘cleverly’ and ‘misfortune’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Spelling

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-tion' - activity

This is a wordsearch about the common letter pattern 'tion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 13 examples of words containing or ending with the 'tion' letter pattern, written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides ...

Teacher resource

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Teacher resource

Morphemic spelling knowledge

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text on explicit teaching of suffixes to build morphemic spelling knowledge in a year 4 classroom. The teacher demonstrates how he develops the students' capacity to learn independently and record consolidated knowledge ...

Interactive Resource

One-syllable words with the '-ight' letter pattern

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words in which the long 'i' vowel sound followed by 't' is spelt 'ight'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash ...

Interactive Resource

Doubling the final consonant before adding '-ing'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of 12 words exemplifying doubling the final consonant before adding '-ing' to syllables with a short vowel sound, as in 'chat' and 'chatting'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling ...

Interactive Resource

One-syllable words ending in 'm' and a silent 'b'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of eight one-syllable words ending in the spelling pattern of a vowel followed by '-mb'. The letter 'b' is silent. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and ...

Interactive Resource

Doubling the final consonant before adding '-le'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying that in two-syllable words with a CVC pattern in the first syllable, the final consonant is doubled before the '-le' ending is added - as in 'little' and 'puddle'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-ear'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words exemplifying the spelling of '-ear' at the end of a one-syllable word. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: words to watch out for - homophones

This is a word game in which students recognise common homophones and pair them by turning over counters to reveal them one by one. There are three levels to the game. In level one, students match six pairs of homophones; in level two, they match eight and in level three, ten. Each word is read aloud and accompanied by ...

Interactive Resource

Words in the 'great' family

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of five words from the 'great' word family. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button links to onscreen ...

Interactive Resource

High-frequency words containing '-ould'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of three high-frequency sight words of one syllable spelt with the letter pattern '-ould'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-ous' - list 1

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying the spelling of the inflection '-ous'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Adding the inflection '-ions'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying adding the inflection '-ions' without changing the base word. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing 'ou' as in 'loud'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words exemplifying the spelling of the digraph 'ou' as in 'loud'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' ...

Interactive Resource

Compound words beginning with 'some'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of seven compound words beginning with 'some', as in 'sometimes'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Adding '-ing' to words with short vowels

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of 12 words exemplifying the addition of '-ing' to words with a short vowel requiring the doubling of the final consonant, as in 'swim' and 'swimming'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and ...

Interactive Resource

Words beginning with 'com-'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words starting with the unstressed syllable 'com-', for example 'complain'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing 'ie' as in 'field'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words containing the long vowel 'ie', as in 'field'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-ery' - list 1

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying the spelling of the ending '-ery', for example 'very'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash ...