English / Year 4 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use phonic knowledge to read and write multisyllabic words with more complex letter combinations, including a variety of vowel sounds and known prefixes and suffixes (ACELA1828)

Elaborations
  • using phonic generalisations to read and write multisyllabic words with more complex letter combinations, for example ‘straightaway’ and ‘thoughtful’
  • recognising unstressed vowels in multisyllabic words and how these vowel sounds are written, for example ‘builder’ and ‘animal’
  • using knowledge of sounds and visual patterns to read and write more complex letter combinations that have multiple representations in writing, for example ‘boy’ and ‘boil’, ‘howl’ and ‘foul’, ‘taught ’and ‘saw’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Syllables,  Affixes,  Vowels

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-tion' - activity

This is a wordsearch about the common letter pattern 'tion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 13 examples of words containing or ending with the 'tion' letter pattern, written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-ear'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words exemplifying the spelling of '-ear' at the end of a one-syllable word. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The ...

Teacher resource

Teaching AC English

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers containing video vignettes and supporting text that demonstrate differentiation and explicit teaching of the Australian Curriculum: English in the areas of reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar across a range of classrooms from Foundation to year 10. The vignettes ...

Interactive Resource

BBC Skillswise: wordsearch '-sion' - activity

This is a wordsearch for words ending in the common letter pattern '-sion'. Students search a grid of letters to find 11 examples of words ending with '-sion' written horizontally, vertically or diagonally on the grid. Students can choose to play the game against the clock. A 'How to play' screen provides an example of ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing 'ai' as in 'rain'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words containing the long vowel digraph 'ai' as in 'rain'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Adding '-ly' to words ending in '-eful'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words illustrating how the spelling of a base word ending in '-eful' does not change when the additional suffix '-ly' is added. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-d' with the 'ea' digraph

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of eight words illustrating the use of the 'ea' digraph for the short 'e' vowel sound in words ending in '-d'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear ...

Moving Image

Study English: recounts and opposites

Discover ways to talk and write about something that has happened in the past. Presenter Margot Politis unpacks a video in which a woman speaks of the time she had a medical emergency. You will gain some tips on forming compound and complex sentences. You'll also learn some common past tense verbs and some useful information ...

Interactive Resource

Changing 'y' to 'i' before adding '-er' - list 2

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of eight words illustrating how the spelling of base words containing the 'ea-consonant-y' pattern changes when the suffix '-er' is added. The 'y' changes to 'i'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in '-ous' - list 1

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying the spelling of the inflection '-ous'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Teacher resource

Morphemic spelling knowledge

This is a resource for instructional leaders and teachers that contains a video vignette and supporting text on explicit teaching of suffixes to build morphemic spelling knowledge in a year 4 classroom. The teacher demonstrates how he develops the students' capacity to learn independently and record consolidated knowledge ...

Interactive Resource

Words ending in unstressed '-or'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words that exemplifies using '-or' rather than '-a' as a word-ending on two-syllable words. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in ...

Interactive Resource

Adding '-ly' to words with the 'o-e' diphthong

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of four words exemplifying adding the suffix '-ly' to a one-syllable word with the 'o-e' diphthong. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in ...

Interactive Resource

Doubling the final consonant before adding '-ed' - list 2

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten multisyllable words exemplifying the need to double the final consonant when adding the inflection '-ed' after a short vowel. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing the short vowel 'o-e'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of eight words exemplifying the short vowel sound 'o-e' as in 'gloves'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' ...

Interactive Resource

Adding the suffix '-ty'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of four words exemplifying adding the suffix '-ty' to a one-syllable word. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing 'ie' as in 'field'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of nine words containing the long vowel 'ie', as in 'field'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing 'ea' as in 'please'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words containing the long digraph 'ea', as in 'please' and 'pleasing'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash ...

Interactive Resource

Words containing the short vowel 'oo' as in 'flood'

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of six words containing the short vowel sound 'oo' as in 'flood'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and its spelling letter by letter, and hear its use in a sentence. The 'Flash Cards' button ...

Interactive Resource

Changing 'y' to 'i' before adding '-er' - list 1

This is an interactive spelling and vocabulary list of ten words exemplifying changing the 'y' of the base word to 'i' before adding '-er' to create a comparative form such as 'fluffy' and 'fluffier'. All the words are supported by learning activities. Mouseover allows the user to hear and see each word in the list and ...