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Humanities and social sciences / Year 2 / Inquiry and skills / Analysing

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Compare objects from the past with those from the present and consider how places have changed over time (ACHASSI039)

  • comparing places that differ over time or across location (for example, climate, natural environment, plants, animals, people’s home)
  • identifying how objects and activities are similar or different depending on conditions in local and distant places (for example, clothes, transport, technology)
  • identifying features of a site that reveal its past (such as decorations and plaques on buildings) and suggesting clues that help understanding of its history (such as dates, ageing, building style)
  • examining a historical site (for example, a home, a school) to explore how technology has changed life over time (for example, how and where food was obtained and prepared, how people travelled, how people stayed warm or cool, how sewerage was managed, types of work, the roles of men, women, boys and girls)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms


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Warratyi, prehistoric site

A rock shelter in the Flinders Range, called Warratyi, has proven to be an important prehistoric site. Learn how dating of artefacts and fossils from the site has changed our previous conceptions of human settlement and technology, and even our interactions with megafauna.


How did the first humans live?

This 10 minute video in three parts offers an overview of what life was like in the ancient world. Part 1 introduces the Palaeolithic era, marked by the use of stone tools, focusing on Homo Sapiens, and the tools used to study this era - archaeology and anthropology. Part 2 discusses human foraging and the specialist techniques ...


Time lens - iTunes app

Discover some of the treasured objects and hidden gems of the museum’s collection. The app is designed to enhance a visit to the Melbourne Museum. Free when reviewed 15/06/15.


Time lens - Google Play app

Discover some of the treasured objects and hidden gems of the museum’s collection. The app is designed to enhance a visit to the Melbourne Museum. Free when reviewed 15/06/15.


Ages of treasure timeline

This is an illustrated and annotated timeline of the Ancient World, from the Palaeolithic era to the Norman era. The timeline moves through seven distinct eras: Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman. It includes images of the key sites and treasures from Britain's ...


Pillar of Ashoka

This resource is about a significant individual in history. It shows a fragment of a pillar built by the Emperor Ashoka in India about 240 BC. On the fragment is part of an inscription that uses a type of writing known as 'Brahmi'. The inscription is by Ashoka. It reads of how the great conquest in life is not over other ...


The first modern humans in south-east Asia

This is a multilayered resource about the theories and evidence of the origins of the first modern humans in south-east Asia. It has four sections: Theories; The sout-heast Asian fossil record; The appearance of sout-heast Asian features; and The first modern Indonesians. The Related sections, Related items and Related ...


Virtual reality and the stereoscope

Do you know what virtual reality (VR) is? VR is something you can experience if you put on a VR headset. The headset lets you see and hear things that make you feel like you're in a completely different place. Perhaps you've seen people using VR headsets or even tried one out yourself. In this video, Margot shows us an ...


World’s first bakers?

When did humans begin grinding seeds to make flour? Many people believe bread-making began in Egypt or Mesopotamia as long as 17,000 years ago. Archaeologists have recently found evidence that Indigenous Australians were producing flour 65,000 years ago. Were they the world’s first bakers?


A curator's life

Imagine what it would feel like to spend your life looking after remnants of the past. This is the life of many museum curators. Enchanted by old things since childhood, Catherine Reade has turned this love into a career where she can use her knowledge of art history to help manage and care for collections of art and artefacts. 


Dancing life into traditional objects: 'Artefact'

'Weaving' is a segment from a longer dance piece called 'Artefact', a richly spiritual work about breathing life back into objects from ancient times. Choreographer Frances Rings is a descendant of the Kokatha people of South Australia. The 'Weaving' segment was inspired by the traditional knowledge and practices of the ...


Australian flag hoisted in Antarctica by Phillip Law, 1958-66

This is the Australian flag hoisted by the director of the Antarctic Division Phillip Law upon new landings in Antarctica. The place and year of each landing are inscribed on the flag's border. The flag measures 177 cm x 89 cm.


Banner for Women on Farms Gatherings in Victoria, 1990-2004

This is the Women on Farms Gathering perpetual banner, displaying 15 patches that illustrate Women on Farms Gatherings in Victoria from 1990 to 2004. The banner includes patches from Warragul (1990), Sea Lake (1991), Numurkah (1992), Tallangatta (1993), Glenormiston (1994), Swan Hill (1995), Ararat (1996), Bendigo (1997), ...


City of Melbourne coat of arms medallion from the Eastern Market, 1879

This is a cast-iron medallion of the coat of arms or emblem of the City of Melbourne. This medallion came from the council's Eastern Market, which was opened at the corner of Bourke and Exhibition streets in December 1879. The coat of arms medallion was repeated in the spandrel panels of the cast-iron columns of the market ...


Goat or sheep knucklebones used as children's toys, c1880

This is a set of eight astragali, or anklebones, from the hindquarters of goats or sheep. They date from about 1880 and may have been used by children to play knucklebones or 'jacks'. They were excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003.


Banner extension for Women on Farms Gatherings in Victoria, from 2005

This is a banner extension for the Women on Farms Gathering perpetual banner, made for Gatherings held in Victoria from 2005. Patches are created and sewn to the banner by members of each new Gathering committee or by people from their community. The banner extension measures 238.0 cm (height) x 49.6 cm (width).


Framed embroidery

This is a framed embroidery, made with wool, depicting an early, unofficial Australian coat of arms. The coat of arms is composed of a blue shield of four quarters that encloses a burgundy cross with five small white crosses, one at its centre and the others on each arm of the cross. The first quarter of the shield displays ...


Studio portrait of an unknown Māori woman

This is a black-and-white photographic image of an unknown Māori woman. It is a portrait shot, taken in the Auckland studios of the American Photographic Company, about 1865. The woman is seated and wears a European blouse and gathered skirt. One visible earring and a ring on her right hand are also European in style. She ...


Whai (Māori string game) pattern

This is a black-and-white photographic image of a pair of hands holding string in a pattern that was known to Māori in New Zealand as the moko (skin design for female chin and lips) or frog. The photograph was taken by James McDonald in the early part of the twentieth century, at Gisborne, on the East Coast of the North ...


'Sale of a mokomokai', 1864

This is a watercolour painting created by British soldier Horatio Gordon Robley (1840-1930) in 1864. It shows a Mäori chief in European dress with a moko (skin marking) on his face, holding what appears to be a mere (short flat club). To his left, on the ground, is a mokomokai (severed, dried, marked human head). The chief ...