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Humanities and social sciences / Year 3 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Celebrations and commemorations in places around the world (for example, Chinese New Year in countries of the Asia region, Bastille Day in France, Independence Day in the USA), including those that are observed in Australia (for example, Christmas Day, Diwali, Easter, Hanukkah, the Moon Festival and Ramadan) (ACHASSK065)

  • comparing the significance of national days in different countries, looking at why they developed and elements they have in common
  • exploring through secondary sources significant events of cultures or countries around the world, including national days, and discussing whether they are celebrations or commemorations
  • investigating the origins and significance of some international celebrations or commemorations (for example, the International Day of Peace)
  • investigating the origins and significance of celebrations important to particular cultural groups in Australia and in other places of the world
General capabilities
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

National days,  Festivals


What is Durga Puja?

Durga Puja festival celebrates the Hindu goddess Durga with days-long praying, feasting and dancing. Although the festival originated in India, it is also celebrated in Australia.  How important is it to celebrate our own as well as other cultures and traditions in a multicultural society like Australia? Can you list some ...


Dyeing eggs at Easter time

Are there special occasions during the year that your family celebrates? What do you do to celebrate? Watch this clip to learn how to make colourful, dyed eggs, a traditional Greek Easter activity. How are the colourful dyes made? And what is the traditional game that is played with the eggs on Easter Saturday? Why don't ...


Holi, a festival of colour

One of the world's brightest festivals is the festival of Holi. Learn about this colourful Hindu celebration and how it is celebrated.


Sweet, merry and bright Danish Christmas delights

How did people from Denmark celebrate Christmas in 1983? Kirsten and her mother cook traditional Danish biscuits and a special rice pudding with a hidden surprise. See how a Danish family might decorate their home for Christmas. Can you tell that this film was made a long time ago?


Rosh Hashanah: Tashlikh

Have you ever done something that you thought was wrong? If so, what did you do about it? Most religions teach about what they see as right behaviour and wrong behaviour. Many of these religions expect or suggest that their followers who have done wrong to do certain things that will help them become better people. Explore ...


Chinese Australians and the Moon Festival, 1978

How have the cultural traditions of people from Asia enriched Australian society? The Moon Festival is one such tradition. In this clip from 1978, an ABC reporter visits Dixon Street in Sydney's Chinatown to discover what this celebration means to Chinese Australians and the wider community.


Saying the date

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets focusing on how to ask, say and write the date in Italian using a variety of text types such as letters, notes, diary pages and calendars. It provides a range of focal questions such as 'Che giorno è oggi?', 'Quanti ne abbiamo?' and 'Qual è la data oggi?' ...


An 'awesome' initiation into adulthood

As a boy raised in the Jewish religion, Gideon is about to become a 'bar mitzvah'. He is almost 13 years old. If he had been born a girl, Gideon would have become a 'bat mitzvah' upon turning 12. Becoming a bar mitzvah or bat mitzvah is an important occasion in the Jewish faith, and, as you will see, it is often accompanied ...


Rosh Hashanah: synagogue and teachings

Have you ever attended a religious ceremony? Nearly all religions have their own special ceremonies for weddings, funerals and other special events. This clip explores the ceremonies that Jewish people have at Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.


Rosh Hashanah: the feast

Is there any day of the year when you and those in your community have a special meal, or feast? Australia has people from many countries, cultures and religions. That is why not all Australians have feast days on the same days. This clip explores the feast of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.


Sydney's Moon Festival, 1979

Discover the activities that take place during the Moon Festival and why it is considered to be one of the most important festivals in the Chinese calendar. In this clip from 1979, ABC reporter Neil Ross attends the Moon Festival in and around Dixon Street and Hay Street, in the heart of Sydney's Chinatown.


Commemorating the ANZAC legend

This integrated lesson sequence will allow students to explore how and why people choose to remember significant events of the past, specifically Anzac Day and the Legend of the ANZACs.


Outback House - bush Christmas

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like a real station of the 1860s. Join the Allcorn family and their workers as they celebrate Christmas ...


Goodies from Greece for a New Year feast in 1983

See how a Greek family cooked traditional biscuits for their New Year feast in 1983. Stevie, his mother Maria and grandmother Martina, all work together. What will they hide in the cake for good luck?


Father Christmas arrives at Watson family Christmas party, South Yarra, 1945

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Father Christmas arriving at the Watson family's Christmas Party at South Yarra Primary School. A Christmas tree is set up in a bin behind Father Christmas. The Watsons held the party for their entire family at the school. The photograph was taken in December 1945. The image ...


Crusca family and friends eating panettone at dinner table, 1960

This photograph is of the Crusca family dinner table in 1960. There is a panettone on the table. Included in the picture are Ofelia Crusca (at left), Salva Crusca (middle), Tommaso Crusca, Mrs Lazzarotti and her son Frank. This image was collected as part of the museum's 'Melbourne's Biggest Family Album' project in 2006. ...


Moore family having lunch at Royal Melbourne Show, Ascot Vale, 1961

This is a colour photograph showing the Moore family, mother and four children, having lunch during their annual outing to the Royal Melbourne Show, Ascot Vale, 1961. The family went to the Show 'religiously' every year. The Royal Melbourne Show has operated since 1848, when it started as a ploughing competition in Moonee ...


Booth family standing in front of their car, packed for holiday, Doncaster East, 1967

This is a black-and-white photograph showing the Booth family standing in front of their Holden station wagon in the driveway of their home. The family group comprises the parents, two boys and two younger girls. The station wagon has a roof-rack on top of which is luggage and equipment, covered with a tarpaulin. The image ...


Brian Austin catching bus to Adelaide on the Esplanade, St Kilda, 1954

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Brian Austin walking towards the camera, going back to his hotel in St Kilda while his tour bus is being loaded for a return trip to Adelaide in December 1954. The bus is behind him and there are several people and many pieces of luggage next to it. The Catani clock tower is ...


'Feast at the Bay of Islands', 1849

This is a watercolour painting created by Captain Richard Aldworth Oliver (1811-89) in 1849. It depicts a large häkari (feast) held in the northern part of the North Island to celebrate reconciliation after fighting. In the middle of the painting there is a large wooden structure called a potehe (stage). The painting measures ...