Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

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Curriculum content descriptions

The diversity of Australia's first peoples and the long and continuous connection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples to Country/Place (land, sea, waterways and skies) (ACHASSK083)

Elaborations
  • mapping the diversity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language groups in Australia and recognising the groups of their local area and state/territory (or considering why there may not be specific local records)
  • recognising that Australia has two indigenous cultural groups: Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
  • studying early archaeological sites (for example, Nauwalabila, Devil’s Lair, Lake Mungo) that show the long and continuous connection of Aboriginal Peoples to Country
  • investigating pre-contact ways of life of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples; their knowledge of their environment including land management practices; and their fundamental beliefs about the interconnectedness of Country/Place, People, Culture and Identity
  • exploring how Aboriginal Peoples exchanged ideas, technology and goods with each other and with Torres Strait Islander Peoples across vast distances
  • studying totems in the lives of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples and examining the differences between their totems
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Aboriginal history,  Torres Strait Islander history,  Lifestyles,  Land custodianship,  Dreaming (Spiritual)

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

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Sharing stories: community

This is a rich resource about the importance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' communities and identities. It consists of an introduction; a teacher guide; a film, 'My people, the Karajarri people', made by Wynston Shoveller about the Mowla Bluff massacre in the Kimberley region in 1916; and a video interview ...

Teacher resource

Citizenship: Let's talk recognition

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 28-page pdf about citizenship learning, how citizenship is shaped by social and cultural forces, and how it relates to Reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Beginning with a historical summary and ...

Teacher resource

55 000 years and counting: celebrating our shared history

This resource is a sequenced series of teaching/learning activities about the Aboriginal history of Australia before British colonisation and the shared Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal history after colonisation. Intended for teachers, the 21-page pdf focuses mainly on South Australia, is introduced by background notes, and ...

Teacher resource

Digital Stories of the Land

This is website that presents a collection of digital stories about the connection people have with their surroundings, in particular the land. The resource has three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 11 Story Objects, all videos that present personal stories of ...

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Sharing stories: films by location

This is a map providing links to films about culture, ancestral beings, beliefs and country from eight Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander communities around Australia. The films are 'The story of Girbar' from the Thabu clan; 'Miiku and Tinta' from the Umpila people; 'Moon and the gecko' from the Paakantji people; 'Bunjil ...

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Defining moments in Australian History

This extensive web-based resource examines events, people and places of profound significance to the Australian people and their personal, community and national histories. The resource includes a list of 100 'defining moments' identified by historians supported by background information, images, video and links to the ...

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Outback House - Aboriginal bush foods

Imagine leaving your home and travelling back over 150 years to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like an 1860s station. Witness the excitement as two visitors from the local Wiradjuri nation arrive at the ...

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Indigenous science: Australia had ancient trade routes too

This is an article about the ancient overland trade routes of Aboriginal Australia. Written by Kudjala/Kalkadoon Elder from Queensland Letitia Murgha and intended mainly for teachers, it compares Aboriginal trading routes based on Dreaming pathways and songlines throughout Australia to the Silk Road and the spice trade ...

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Yarra Healing: Wathaurong people

This is a video of Trevor Edwards, Chairperson of the Wathaurong Aboriginal Cooperative in Geelong, speaking about Wathaurong territory and cultural heritage. He describes: his own background as a clan member and custodian of Country; the extent of the Wathaurong people’s territory along the Victorian coastline from the ...

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Yarra Healing: Birrarung (Yarra River)

This is a video (1:33 min) of Wurundjeri Elder Joy Murphy-Wandin describing the economic and ceremonial significance of Birrarung, the Yarra River, for the Wurundjeri people of Victoria. She speaks of the people’s territory, which includes the inner city of Melbourne and extends north of the Great Dividing Ranges, east ...

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Teacher resource

Indigenous peoples: people, place, language and song

This is an interactive resource about Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their cultures. Learning activities explore how place, language and song relate to Indigenous Australian peoples. The resource is a unit of work using multimodal texts including music video clips, picture storybooks, songs ...

Interactive resource

Investigating the past

This is a student resource about archaeological and artistic sources used in investigating Australia’s ancient human past (approximately 60 000 BCE to c650 CE). The slideshow resource includes images of grinding and fishing tools, a shell midden, a rock engraving and a rock painting gallery. Text on screen explains the ...

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Engaging in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) Teaching and Learning Strategies – a practical approach to the Arts

This resource is a collection of videos which support the practical teaching and learning of Indigenous history and culture through the Arts. All of the videos presented are highlights from a two-day professional learning workshop hosted by ArtsEdge in Western Australia, where artists have explored the Australian cross-curriculum ...

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Rock painting, Carnarvon Gorge, 1938 - item 1 of 2

This sepia photograph of an Indigenous rock painting shows several stencilled hands and what appear to be boomerangs. In some of the images three fingers and thumb are prominent and in the central image the little finger is bent. The images appear to be well preserved. The photograph was taken in 1938 at Carnarvon Gorge ...

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Rock painting, Carnarvon Gorge, 1938 - item 2 of 2

This 1938 sepia photograph of a large Indigenous rock painting displays many stencilled hands, boomerangs, coolamons and a net-like shape, possibly representing a cycad, on a cliff wall in Carnarvon Gorge in central Queensland. A large rock near the wall shows some engraved art. The photograph was taken during the second ...

Teacher resource

1788: Was life the same for everyone?

This is a unit of inquiry consisting of 12 learning sequences for year 4 in the English for the Australian Curriculum resource. Each learning sequence contains a series of resources, suggested activities to carry out with students and a post-activity reflection. This unit closely examines a range of texts, including written, ...

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Twelve canoes: seasons

This is a rich resource about the seasons of the Yolngu people of north-east Arnhem Land. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller describing some of the different seasons and what happens in those seasons. He explains that the seasons are not about the passing of time, but about how different things ...

Teacher resource

Forgotten heroes

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 29-page PDF about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women who joined the Australian Armed Services during times of war. The education pack is introduced by background notes, and is organised in three main sections: Early Years; Primary Years; and Middle Years. Each section ...

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Twelve canoes: the Macassans

This is a rich resource about the centuries-long trading contact between the Yolngu people of north-east Arnhem Land and Macassans from Sulawesi in what today is Indonesia. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller describing when the Macassans came, what they came for, the trade goods they brought, ...