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Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival (ACHASSK085)

Elaborations
  • investigating reasons for the First Fleet journey, including an examination of the wide range of crimes punishable by transportation, and looking at the groups who were transported
  • investigating attitudes to the poor, the treatment of prisoners at that time, and the social standing of those who travelled to Australia on the First Fleet, including families, children and convict guards
  • investigating daily life in the Botany Bay penal settlement and challenges experienced by the people there and how they were managed
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Convicts,  Penal transportation,  Colonies,  First contact

Teacher resource

1788: Was life the same for everyone?

This is a unit of inquiry consisting of 12 learning sequences for year 4 in the English for the Australian Curriculum resource. Each learning sequence contains a series of resources, suggested activities to carry out with students and a post-activity reflection. This unit closely examines a range of texts, including written, ...

Dataset

The First Fleet - dataset

The dataset provides information about 780 of the convicts transported to Australia on the First Fleet ships 'Alexander', 'Charlotte', 'Lady Penrhyn', 'Friendship', 'Prince of Wales' and 'Scarborough' in 1788. The dataset includes information on items such as the convict's name, occupation, crime, date of trial and term ...

Teacher resource

First Fleet

This unit of work focuses on one area of the year 4 History curriculum, the journey of the First Fleet. It provides context, resources and a narrative of the period leading up to the departure of the First Fleet, information about the British criminal justice system, and accounts of the journey and the experiences of the ...

Moving Image

First Fleet

Did you know that when the British colonised Australia, they established a penal colony? Captain Arthur Phillip brought the first group of prisoners to Sydney in 1787 on the First Fleet. Watch this clip to find out the stories of some of these convicts.

Teacher resource

Female convicts in the First Fleet

In this activity, students use diary entries made by Arthur Bowes Smyth (1750 - 1790), the surgeon aboard the first Fleet ship Lady Penrhyn. Arthur Bowes Smyth's journal contains the names of 109 female convicts listing their crimes and the length of their punishment. Students select one convict and formulate historical ...

Assessment resource

Year 4 history assessment - First contacts: A First Fleet story

This is an assessment package that uses the Year 4 Australian Curriculum history achievement standard to gather evidence about how well students have demonstrated what they know, what they understand and what they can do in relation to the topic 'First Contacts'. Students use historical sources to research the life of an ...

Teacher resource

Royal Australian Mint: units of work

This suite of teaching and learning units of work related to Australian currencies for middle and upper primary students. The units explore the role coins play in commemoration and the history of Australian currency from colonial times to post Federation. Lessons are supplemented with a range of cross-curriculum lesson ideas.

Moving Image

Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Collection

Landmarks in aviation

This collection of digital curriculum resources comprising mostly archival footage and images explores aviation from a historical perspective. It is organised in seven categories - first flight by box kite; first controlled powered flights; flying across the English Channel; first flight from England to Australia, 1919; ...

Teacher resource

Bound for Botany Bay - unit of work

Students investigate and retell the stories of the convicts on the First Fleet to gain an understanding of the first European settlement of Australia. They present their stories in a print or digital journal as well as a living history tableau.

Collection

Lives and stories of colonial women

These are the stories of five different Colonial women, Trukanini, Theresa Sutcliffe Mort, Mary Windeyer, Caroline Chisholm and Lola Montez. Hear their stories and look at their portraits at the National Portrait Gallery.

Moving Image

Outback House - Aboriginal bush foods

Imagine leaving your home and travelling back over 150 years to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like an 1860s station. Witness the excitement as two visitors from the local Wiradjuri nation arrive at the ...

Moving Image

My Place - Episode 23: 1788: Waruwi, The encounter

Waruwi encounters a cow for the first time and is unsure what to make of it. After seeing some marines and a drummer boy, she returns home to Nana to tell her about the 'ghost people' and the cow.

Moving Image

My Place - Episode 24: 1788: Dan, First contact

Dan is ordered to capture Waruwi's dingo for the governor. He tries to warn Waruwi that the marines plan to take her dog but is unable to communicate his intentions in time. Waruwi attacks the camp with stones, putting the marines on a state of alert.

Image

Map of Australia by Matthew Flinders, 1814

This is a highly significant black-and-white map of Australia depicting areas explored by Matthew Flinders between 1798 and 1803. The map is entitled 'GENERAL CHART OF TERRA AUSTRALIS OR AUSTRALIA'. The different ships and routes that Flinders took while charting the coastline of the continent are included, as well as details ...

Image

First Fleet landing re-enactment, 1938

This is a black-and-white photograph showing a scene from one of the events held in Sydney, New South Wales, on 26 January 1938 to mark the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney Harbour. A group of Indigenous men dressed in loin cloths and decorated with gum leaves, most of them carrying spears and ...

StillImage

Aboriginal artefacts from north-western New South Wales, 19th century

This is a collection of 19th-century Aboriginal artefacts from north-western NSW, consisting of one unusual parrying shield, one rare lil-lil club, three incised boomerangs and two fluted fighting clubs.

Still Image

Alexander Schramm, 'Adelaide, a tribe of natives on the banks of the River Torrens', 1850

This is a painting made in 1850 by Australian colonial artist Alexander Schramm depicting Kaurna people, sheltering under gum trees in Adelaide parkland. The painting is shown as an enlargeable image and in a video. Text onscreen gives information on Schramm’s life and practice as he is known for his sympathetic representation ...

Image

Anti-Chinese immigration cartoon, 1888 - item 3

This sepia cartoon with a caption shows a young man labelled 'YOUNG AUSTRALIA' barring a gate through which Chinese immigrants are attempting to enter. A sign reading 'PLAGUE SHIP' can be seen behind the Chinese people. An old man, 'Old Australia', stands with his hand on the young man's shoulder. In the foreground is a ...

Collection

Camel and donkey transport in outback Australia

This collection of 16 digital curriculum resources focuses on the role of camels and donkeys in transporting goods and people throughout outback Australia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, until about 1940. The collection is organised into three categories - camel transport; donkey transport; and camel and donkey ...