Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival (ACHASSK085)

Elaborations
  • investigating reasons for the First Fleet journey, including an examination of the wide range of crimes punishable by transportation, and looking at the groups who were transported
  • investigating attitudes to the poor, the treatment of prisoners at that time, and the social standing of those who travelled to Australia on the First Fleet, including families, children and convict guards
  • investigating daily life in the Botany Bay penal settlement and challenges experienced by the people there and how they were managed
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Convicts,  Penal transportation,  Colonies,  First contact

Teacher resource

1788: Was life the same for everyone?

This is a unit of inquiry consisting of 12 learning sequences for year 4 in the English for the Australian Curriculum resource. Each learning sequence contains a series of resources, suggested activities to carry out with students and a post-activity reflection. This unit closely examines a range of texts, including written, ...

Teacher resource

First Fleet

This unit of work focuses on one area of the year 4 History curriculum, the journey of the First Fleet. It provides context, resources and a narrative of the period leading up to the departure of the First Fleet, information about the British criminal justice system, and accounts of the journey and the experiences of the ...

Moving Image

First Fleet

Did you know that when the British colonised Australia, they established a penal colony? Captain Arthur Phillip brought the first group of prisoners to Sydney in 1787 on the First Fleet. Watch this clip to find out the stories of some of these convicts.

Assessment resource

Year 4 history assessment - First contacts: A First Fleet story

This is an assessment package that uses the Year 4 Australian Curriculum history achievement standard to gather evidence about how well students have demonstrated what they know, what they understand and what they can do in relation to the topic 'First Contacts'. Students use historical sources to research the life of an ...

Dataset

The First Fleet - dataset

The dataset provides information about 780 of the convicts transported to Australia on the First Fleet ships 'Alexander', 'Charlotte', 'Lady Penrhyn', 'Friendship', 'Prince of Wales' and 'Scarborough' in 1788. The dataset includes information on items such as the convict's name, occupation, crime, date of trial and term ...

Teacher resource

Female convicts in the First Fleet

In this activity, students use diary entries made by Arthur Bowes Smyth (1750 - 1790), the surgeon aboard the first Fleet ship Lady Penrhyn. Arthur Bowes Smyth's journal contains the names of 109 female convicts listing their crimes and the length of their punishment. Students select one convict and formulate historical ...

Teacher resource

Royal Australian Mint: units of work

This suite of teaching and learning units of work related to Australian currencies for middle and upper primary students. The units explore the role coins play in commemoration and the history of Australian currency from colonial times to post Federation. Lessons are supplemented with a range of cross-curriculum lesson ideas.

Moving Image

Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

Teacher resource

Bound for Botany Bay - unit of work

Students investigate and retell the stories of the convicts on the First Fleet to gain an understanding of the first European settlement of Australia. They present their stories in a print or digital journal as well as a living history tableau.

Moving Image

Outback House - Aboriginal bush foods

Imagine leaving your home and travelling back over 150 years to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like an 1860s station. Witness the excitement as two visitors from the local Wiradjuri nation arrive at the ...

Collection

Lives and stories of colonial women

These are the stories of five different Colonial women, Trukanini, Theresa Sutcliffe Mort, Mary Windeyer, Caroline Chisholm and Lola Montez. Hear their stories and look at their portraits at the National Portrait Gallery.

Collection

First contact

This collection of ten digital curriculum resources is organised into four categories - contact with Macassan traders; contact with colonists; contact with scientific expeditions; and misleading non-Indigenous representations of contact. The resources in the collection include paintings, documentary footage, photographs ...

Image

First Fleet landing re-enactment, 1938

This is a black-and-white photograph showing a scene from one of the events held in Sydney, New South Wales, on 26 January 1938 to mark the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney Harbour. A group of Indigenous men dressed in loin cloths and decorated with gum leaves, most of them carrying spears and ...

Collection

Convict artists of New South Wales

This is a collection of 22 digital curriculum resources focusing on three convict artists who were transported to New South Wales between 1791 and 1814 - Thomas Watling, Richard Browne and Joseph Lycett. The collection reflects the subjects that interested the artists in the new colony and includes a scene of the Sydney ...

Interactive resource

Primary history: presentation

These seven learning activities focus on presentation using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware) and illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers ask students to present their historical ...

Collection

Noongar people and settlers in the Swan River colony

This collection of nine digital curriculum resources, including paintings and a learning object, focuses on relations between the Noongar people and settlers in the Swan River colony in two locations - the Swan River itself and the King George Sound area. Paintings show European exploration upriver in 1827 and coexistence ...

Collection

Early cars and trucks in Australia

This collection of 21 digital curriculum resources focuses on cars and trucks in Australia during the first three decades of the 20th century. The collection contains images of actual vehicles in museum collections as well as photographs and archival footage of cars and various types of trucks in action. The collection ...

Interactive Resource

Changing Worlds: A South Australian story

This website draws on works of art and artefacts from the Art Gallery of South Australia and the South Australian Museum to provide students with a substantial narrative from multiple viewpoints about the colonisation/invasion of South Australia in the 19th century. The resource has multiple-entry-points and is designed ...

Image

Map of Australian colonies, c1859-61

This is a hand-coloured map of Australia, printed between about 1859 and 1861, showing boundaries for what were then the colonies of Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. There is an area labelled 'North Australia', which includes the present-day Northern Territory and Queensland within the same ...

StillImage

Boulton and Watt steam engine, 1785

This is a Boulton and Watt steam engine, a double-acting beam type made of cast and wrought iron. It was made by the firm of Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England, in 1785. It was used at Whitbread's Brewery in London between 1785 and 1887.