Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / Geography

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Curriculum content descriptions

The importance of environments, including natural vegetation, to animals and people (ACHASSK088)

Elaborations
  • identifying the main types of vegetation, including forest, savannah, grassland, woodland and desert, and explaining the relationship between climate and natural vegetation
  • exploring how vegetation has an important role in sustaining the environment by producing oxygen, protecting food-producing land from erosion, retaining rainfall, providing habitat for animals, sheltering crops and livestock, providing shade for people, cooling urban places, producing medicines, wood and fibre, and making places appear more attractive
  • explaining how people‚Äôs connections with their environment can also be aesthetic, emotional and spiritual
  • explaining the significance of vegetation endemic in the local area to survival of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples (for example, as a source of food, shelter, medicine, tools and weapons)
  • exploring strategies to protect particular environments that provide the habitats for animals (for example, planting bird-attracting vegetation)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Attitudes,  Habitats,  Environmental stewardship,  Climate,  Conservation (Environment),  Sense of place

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Farms and people’s connections to them: producer video

This is a video about the operation of the Outback Pride project and the value of the Australian native food produced in conjunction with Aboriginal peoples. To a visual background of the nursery at Reedy Creek in South Australia and some of 25 Aboriginal communities involved in the project in SA and Northern Territory, ...

Teacher resource

Seasonal Cycles in Australia

This is a unit of work that focuses on seasonal cycles in Australia. Students explore how seasons vary based on location and how Indigenous cultures from different parts of Australia have systems and names for the seasons based on observation of the environment. Students also make comparisons with the concept of four seasons ...

Interactive Resource

Wilderquest

This is a multi-faceted resource exploring six types of New South Wales environments – desert, alpine, woodlands, rainforest, coast and town – and their plants, animals and people. Intended for children in the lower and mid-primary years and their teachers, the major part of resource consists of four open access elements. ...

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The world's largest living organism

The Great Barrier Reef is a collection of large coral reefs that stretch for more than 2,000 km along the Queensland coast. The Reef is home to a huge number of plants and animals, and it has many islands and coral cays. Watch nesting turtles and go underwater to see spectacular footage of reef creatures. Discover more ...

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Key climate groups in Australia

This is a map of Australia showing the location of its six key climate groups: Equatorial, Tropical, Subtropical, Desert, Grasslands and Temperate. It was developed by the Bureau of Meteorology and there are links to a map of subdivisions within the key groups and to an information page about climate classification. The ...

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Discovering past methods of food and fibre production: producer video

This is a video about the native food plants of the Mount Gambier region in South Australia and how they were used by the local Buandig Aboriginal people. It is introduced by ethnobotanist and author Neville Bonney who shows a wide range of local plants, often giving their names in Bungandidj language. The plants include ...

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Places we protect

This is a rich, multilayered resource about 35 protected Bush Heritage reserves throughout Australia. The resource includes a map of Australia that displays the locations of the 35 reserves. Each location is linked to important information and images including: quick facts; visiting information; the animals, plants and ...

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At the peak of the Kakadu monsoon

The monsoonal rains of Kakadu are the lifeblood of the landscape, creating the floodplains and paperbark swamps that animals rely on for food and shelter. Kakadu National Park is a special place where a dramatic cycle of life and death is played out. Explore one of Australia's national treasures, Kakadu, at the peak of ...

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Kakadu history in rock art

Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory is transformed each year by the monsoonal rains, but how did ancient sea level changes alter the landscape? Thousands of Aboriginal rock art sites across Kakadu tell the stories of this ancient, sacred land. Visit some of them to discover more about this place and its people.

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An island where warm waters meet cool

Lord Howe Island lies off the east coast of Australia where warm, tropical seas meet cool currents from the south. Here, a mix of fish suited to warmer waters live together with fish suited to the cooler southern waters. Lord Howe Island has many reasons to be protected, such as being home to the world's most southern coral ...

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Why are they called the Blue Mountains?

The Blue Mountains are home to many different species of eucalypt trees. See how a bushfire in the Blue Mountains is part of the cycle of life. Bushfire changes the landscape but also stimulates new growth and regeneration of the forest. Watch this clip to see the eucalypt forest before and after a fire.

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A precious heritage

This is an information page about the weather culture of Aboriginal peoples in central and northern Australia, and the direct and indirect observations they have made over thousands of years to identify indicators that predict the weather and the changing of the seasons. It points out that this knowledge ‘represents a precious ...

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Subdivisions within the key climate groups in Australia

This is a map showing the location of 26 subdivisions of the six key climate groups of Australia; for example, the Tropical group is subdivided into rainforest (persistently wet), rainforest (monsoonal) and savanna. It was developed by the Bureau of Meteorology and there are links to a map of the key climate groups and ...

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What have we got here? With Dr Dave series 1

This series of 10 short videos examines terrestrial and aquatic species in the Murray-Darling Basin. It features five endangered species: the bush stone-curlew, the Murray-Darling carpet python, squirrel gliders, the River Murray turtle and the native pygmy perch. Other topics covered in the series are; native animals as ...

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Forest Learning: Going Bush - Residue from the one tree goes to make fine copy paper

This is a video about how the top sections of a Victorian Mountain Ash tree and its sawdust are used to make white office paper and generate electricity at the Australian Paper mill at Maryvale, Victoria. The two presenters of the 'Going bush' series are shown discussing the value-adding process with Kevin Piercy, Wood ...

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

Teacher resource

Fruit, vegetable, crops - unit 5

This is a teacher resource that contains a program outline, student activities, an interactive game, and links to images and videos relevant to teaching primary students about growing and processing fruits, vegetables and crops in a variety of settings including the farm, laboratory and classroom. The program outline and ...

Interactive Resource

NSW ecosystems on show

This resource highlights fifteen natural ecosystems found in New South Wales. Each resource has been designed for students investigating ecosystem types in NSW, providing a greater understanding of their location, function, how they are impacted by human activity and how schools and communities can work to protect them. ...

Teacher resource

Royal Agricultural Show: primary school resources

This is a teacher resource containing items relevant to planning lessons and teaching primary students about food and fibre production. It contains a program overview, an Agricultural Resources Links document providing links to useful external sites and resources, and eight study units - each containing a program outline ...

Teacher resource

Sustainability: taking care of the Earth together

This is an interactive resource that uses different forms of texts to explore environmental and sustainability issues. It has sections on recycling and reuse, the negative consequences of global warming, reducing human impact on the Earth and caring for the Earth for future generations. It uses the 'The tomorrow book' by ...

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Soils: a hidden resource

This is a video about the importance of soil, its role in global food security and the requirements for its sustainable management. Describing soil as a natural resource slow to develop but quickly destroyed, the video points out the increasing demands being placed on soil to feed the world's rising population and the threats ...

Teacher resource

Indigenous peoples: people, place, language and song

This is an interactive resource about Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their cultures. Learning activities explore how place, language and song relate to Indigenous Australian peoples. The resource is a unit of work using multimodal texts including music video clips, picture storybooks, songs ...

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Twelve canoes: seasons

This is a rich resource about the seasons of the Yolngu people of north-east Arnhem Land. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller describing some of the different seasons and what happens in those seasons. He explains that the seasons are not about the passing of time, but about how different things ...

Interactive Resource

Bound Round

This is an iPad app providing young users with an interactive travel guide. Using their personal passport, users are able to record their experiences of particular travel destinations in journal, postcard and photographic formats.The app also allows them to discover other destinations around the world by viewing content ...

Teacher resource

Types of farms in NSW - unit 3

This is a teacher resource that contains items for planning lessons and teaching about farms with a particular emphasis on the location, climate, features and food production of New South Wales farms. This resource contains a simple program outline and supporting documents that can be downloaded or printed, including a ...