Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / Geography

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The use and management of natural resources and waste, and the different views on how to do this sustainably (ACHASSK090)

Elaborations
  • identifying some of the resources produced by the environment and where they come from (for example, water, food and raw materials such as fibres, timber and metals that make the things they use)
  • exploring how some natural resources are used and managed in sustainable and non-sustainable ways
  • identifying renewable and non-renewable resources
  • investigating where a particular renewable natural resource comes from, how it is used and sustainable management strategies (for example, recycling paper or planting more trees)
  • exploring the work of groups and organisations which manage natural resources and/or waste
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Attitudes,  Natural resources,  Human impact,  Sustainable development,  Waste management

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Teacher resource

Fruit, vegetable, crops - unit 5

This is a teacher resource that contains a program outline, student activities, an interactive game, and links to images and videos relevant to teaching primary students about growing and processing fruits, vegetables and crops in a variety of settings including the farm, laboratory and classroom. The program outline and ...

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Waste and materials (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on waste and materials using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate ...

Teacher resource

Royal Agricultural Show: primary school resources

This is a teacher resource containing items relevant to planning lessons and teaching primary students about food and fibre production. It contains a program overview, an Agricultural Resources Links document providing links to useful external sites and resources, and eight study units - each containing a program outline ...

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International year of natural fibres

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Kitchen gardens (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on kitchen gardens using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and ...

Interactive Resource

Water use and efficiency – sustainability action process (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on water use and efficiency using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate ...

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Discovering past methods of food and fibre production: producer video

This is a video about the native food plants of the Mount Gambier region in South Australia and how they were used by the local Buandig Aboriginal people. It is introduced by ethnobotanist and author Neville Bonney who shows a wide range of local plants, often giving their names in Bungandidj language. The plants include ...

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Gooniyandi seasons calendar

This is the Mingayooroo - Manyi Waranggiri Yarrangi, Gooniyandi seasons calendar developed by people of the Gooniyandi language group of the Kimberley in collaboration with CSIRO. The resource consists of an introduction, a richly illustrated calendar and related links. The introduction contains information about the people’s ...

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Indigenous Science: shell middens and fish traps

This is an article about Aboriginal shell middens along the Queensland coast and the information they provide about Aboriginal food collection practices. Written by Kudjala/Kalkadoon Elder from Queensland Letitia Murgha and intended mainly for teachers, it describes how shell middens were created over thousands of years ...

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An island where warm waters meet cool

Lord Howe Island lies off the east coast of Australia where warm, tropical seas meet cool currents from the south. Here, a mix of fish suited to warmer waters live together with fish suited to the cooler southern waters. Lord Howe Island has many reasons to be protected, such as being home to the world's most southern coral ...

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Aboriginal science tools: the morah stone

This is an article about morah stones, incised grinding stones from the tropical rainforests of northern Queensland, and how they were used by the local Aboriginal peoples to process toxic starchy seeds and kernels. Written by Kudjala/Kalkadoon Elder from Queensland Letitia Murgha and intended mainly for teachers, it describes ...

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What have we got here? With Dr Dave series 1

This series of 10 short videos examines terrestrial and aquatic species in the Murray-Darling Basin. It features five endangered species: the bush stone-curlew, the Murray-Darling carpet python, squirrel gliders, the River Murray turtle and the native pygmy perch. Other topics covered in the series are; native animals as ...

Teacher resource

Food fest

This is a worksheet about foods eaten in Australia that are associated with a range of local and migrant cultures. The worksheet activity is to match each of the 24 individual foods listed to one of eight cultures: Aboriginal, Chinese, English, Filipino, German, Italian, South Sea Islander and Spanish. The worksheet forms ...

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Forest Learning: Going bush - innovative ways of keeping the home fires burning

This is a video about how Forestry Tasmania plans to innovate and add value to its business, mostly by using sawdust waste to make wood pellets for heating. The Going Bush presenters are shown examining the pellets and discussing their use and manufacture with Rob Douglas of Pellet Fires Tasmania and Doug Massey of Forestry ...

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Indigenous watercrafts

Did you know that many different types of watercrafts were used by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities? Watercrafts varied in design, size and materials. Learn about two specific examples: the Ningher and the nawi. Why do you think the people from lutruwita and the Eora nation had such different watercrafts? ...

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Indigenous bags and textiles

Have you ever wondered why your bags are made from certain materials? There are many factors involved, including usage and availability of material. In this video, learn what the Kun-maj (small fishing bag) is made of and how it is made. Why is it strung together rather than woven? How is it different from Yvonne Koolmatrie’s ...

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

Interactive Resource

NSW ecosystems on show

This resource highlights fifteen natural ecosystems found in New South Wales. Each resource has been designed for students investigating ecosystem types in NSW, providing a greater understanding of their location, function, how they are impacted by human activity and how schools and communities can work to protect them. ...

Teacher resource

Seasonal Cycles in Australia

This is a unit of work that focuses on seasonal cycles in Australia. Students explore how seasons vary based on location and how Indigenous cultures from different parts of Australia have systems and names for the seasons based on observation of the environment. Students also make comparisons with the concept of four seasons ...

Teacher resource

Sustainability: taking care of the Earth together

This is an interactive resource that uses different forms of texts to explore environmental and sustainability issues. It has sections on recycling and reuse, the negative consequences of global warming, reducing human impact on the Earth and caring for the Earth for future generations. It uses the 'The tomorrow book' by ...

Teacher resource

Farm products - unit 7

This teacher resource contains a program outline and many student activities. It also contains links to videos and interactive games relevant to teaching primary students about where products such as milk and wheat come from. Some student activities include assessment rubrics for evaluating students' performance of the ...

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Soils: a hidden resource

This is a video about the importance of soil, its role in global food security and the requirements for its sustainable management. Describing soil as a natural resource slow to develop but quickly destroyed, the video points out the increasing demands being placed on soil to feed the world's rising population and the threats ...

Teacher resource

Indigenous peoples: people, place, language and song

This is an interactive resource about Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their cultures. Learning activities explore how place, language and song relate to Indigenous Australian peoples. The resource is a unit of work using multimodal texts including music video clips, picture storybooks, songs ...

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Twelve canoes: seasons

This is a rich resource about the seasons of the Yolngu people of north-east Arnhem Land. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller describing some of the different seasons and what happens in those seasons. He explains that the seasons are not about the passing of time, but about how different things ...

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Biodiversity (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on biodiversity using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect ...

Interactive Resource

Bound Round

This is an iPad app providing young users with an interactive travel guide. Using their personal passport, users are able to record their experiences of particular travel destinations in journal, postcard and photographic formats.The app also allows them to discover other destinations around the world by viewing content ...