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Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / Civics and citizenship

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The role of local government and the decisions it makes on behalf of the community (ACHASSK091)

  • examining how local government is chosen and by whom
  • exploring what local government does, including the services it provides (for example, environment and waste, libraries, health, parks, cultural events, pools and sport, arts and pet management)
  • describing how local government services impact on the lives of students
General capabilities
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Waste management,  Recreational facilities,  Social services,  Local government,  Parks and reserves

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Recycling whole buildings

You probably recycle bottles, cans and paper at home, but imagine recycling whole buildings that have outlived their usefulness. Explore how doing this can save a huge amount of energy, prevent unnecessary carbon dioxide emissions and address landfill issues.


Recycling banana waste

Have you ever wondered what happens to the on-farm waste from our food crops? It's not all left to rot into the soil. Watch as an innovative farmer joins forces with a clever engineer to turn farm waste into a new product with unique properties.


Lessons from Cyclone Yasi help future planning

Cyclone Yasi tore through Queensland's Cassowary Coast in 2011. As the largest cyclone to hit the region, it left towns like Tully and Mission Beach with a massive reconstruction task. Recently, the focus of local communities has turned to reducing their vulnerability to future cyclone events. This clip looks at the lessons ...


Off to work with Ranger Dan

Join Ranger Dan as he sets off to work in Western Australia's remote Karijini National Park. Dan is responsible for looking after the park and keeping its visitors safe - but this job is not without its risks. What types of situations and challenges are 'all in a day's work' for rangers like Dan?


Endangered Mala returned to natural habitat

Have you ever heard of the Australian marsupial called a Mala? Perhaps not, because this creature (also known as the Rufous Hare-wallaby), has been extinct in the wild for decades. Find out about a project to re-introduce the Mala into Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park. Learn also about the significance of this marsupial ...


Learn about carbon offsets with Dirt Girl

Do you know what a carbon footprint is? Join Dirt Girl, Scrap Boy and Costa to find out! In this video, carbon emissions are measured in balloons. The Sydney Opera House measured the carbon footprint of Dirt Girl's recent show. How many balloons worth of carbon did it produce? What did the Sydney Opera House do to offset ...


Famine and aid: Ethiopia

The Live Aid concert in 1985 drew attention to Ethiopia's terrible drought and famine. When this clip was made decades later in 2008, the developing nation was still experiencing widespread hunger. See how charitable aid can impact on the lives of those in less developed countries.


Using the food we don't eat

In Australia there has been an increasing trend of throwing out food, even though some people don't have enough of it. What can be done to connect those who need food support with organisations that commonly dispose of food that is still edible? Find out in this clip.


Janet Dominiewski and her children with backyard wading pool, Glenroy, 1961

This is a colour photograph of Janet Dominiewski and her children - Michele (aged 4 years), Peter (3) and Joanne (1) - with their canvas wading pool in the backyard of their family home in Glenroy, Melbourne, in 1961. Two of the children sit in the pool, one holding an inflatable ball and one wearing an inflatable tube, ...


Nigel and Andrew Bondfield in backyard wading pool, Blackburn, 1981

This is a colour photograph of two boys, Nigel and Andrew Bondfield, sitting in a solid plastic wading pool in the backyard of their family home in Blackburn, Melbourne, in 1981. The boys are both wearing tops. Their family garden, featuring tomato plants in pots, a compost bin and a vegetable patch, is visible in the background. ...


Allan Free and sons in above-ground backyard pool, Gladstone Park, 1972

This is a colour photograph of Allan Free and his sons Darren and Wayne in their 'Clarke' above-ground pool in the backyard of their suburban family home at Gladstone Park, Melbourne, in 1972. One of the boys is floating with the aid of a plain black rubber tube, while the younger one is surrounded by a green patterned ...


Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Compost

This learning sequence examines the waste management strategies of reducing, reusing, recycling and composting.


Nigel Bondfield in Nunawading swimming pool, c1982

This colour photograph features 8-year-old Nigel Bondfield at the Nunawading Swimming Pool in about 1982. It was collected as part of Museum Victoria's Melbourne's Biggest Family Album project in 2006.


Food wastage footprint

This is an animated video about the extent of global food wastage, its short- and long-term effects and how it can be minimised. Stating that about one-third of the food produced in the world each year is lost or wasted, the video uses concrete examples to show what this means in terms of land area, water, natural habitats, ...


'Sycamore Civil and Military Helicopter' booklet, 1956

This is an illustrated 20-page booklet produced by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1956 to promote the Sycamore helicopter, one of the earliest commercially successful British helicopter designs. Instructional diagrams and mostly black-and-white photographs are included, and some colour is used in both text and illustrations.


Isolation cabinet, c1870

This is an isolation cell or isolation chamber, from about 1870, viewed on its side. It is a tall rounded structure of stout tongue-and-groove timber, with straight wings each side of a curved front, so it will fit into a corner. The curved door has a metal handle and a heavy loop-style latch on the outside. It formerly ...


Padlock and key from mental health hospital, 1859

These items are a padlock and key manufactured by Chubb and Sons Lock and Safe Co Ltd in 1859, and used in a mental health hospital in Victoria. It is part of the Psychiatric Services Collection at Museum Victoria. The padlock is 9.0 cm wide x 10.0 cm high x 3.0 cm thick.


Free family children and friends playing in an above-ground pool, Gladstone Park, 1976

This is a colour photograph of the Free family children and friends in the family 'Clarke above-ground' pool, in the backyard of their family home in Gladstone Park, on 23 November 1976. A castor oil tree is situated behind the pool and also visible is a fence and a neighbour's house. One of the children is wearing a snorkelling ...


Builders working on Royal Melbourne Hospital site, Parkville, late 1930s

This is a black-and-white photograph of 11 men, including builder John Bray (at far right), working on construction of the new Royal Melbourne Hospital in Parkville around the late 1930s.


Webbed moleskin petticoat from mental health hospital, c1910-30

This is a cream moleskin webbed petticoat used to restrict leg movement of agitated and violent patients at a mental health hospital in Victoria, Australia, about 1910-30. It is part of the Psychiatric Services Collection at Museum Victoria. The petticoat is 124.0 cm long x 49.0 cm wide.