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Humanities and social sciences / Year 5 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The impact of a significant development or event on an Australian colony (ACHASSK108)

Elaborations
  • investigating an event or development and explaining its economic, social and political impact on a colony (for example, the consequences of frontier conflict events such as the Myall Creek Massacre, the Pinjarra Massacre; the impact of South Sea Islanders on sugar farming and the timber industry; the impact of the Eureka Stockade on the development of democracy; the impact of internal exploration and the advent of rail on the expansion of farming)
  • creating ‘what if’ scenarios by constructing different outcomes for a key event (for example, ‘What if Peter Lalor had encouraged gold miners to pay rather than resist licence fees?’)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Revolutions (Conflict),  Colonies,  Political power,  Frontier conflict,  Economic growth,  Gold rushes,  Droughts,  Intensive farming,  Rail transport

Online

The gold rush

This collection of 5 activities explores life on the NSW and Victorian goldfields in the 1850's. Using primary sources from the State Library of NSW's collection (diaries, artwork and a satirical cartoon), students investigate the everyday activities of the gold sush. Read an eyewitness account of the first gold escort ...

Online

Royal Australian Mint: units of work

This suite of teaching and learning units of work related to Australian currencies for middle and upper primary students. The units explore the role coins play in commemoration and the history of Australian currency from colonial times to post Federation. Lessons are supplemented with a range of cross-curriculum lesson ideas.

Video

Tour of NSW Government House

This resource is a YouTube playlist containing a series of videos taken as a group of senior high school students are given a guided tour of NSW Government House in 2010. The tour covers primary sources such as architecture, furniture and images significant to the history of Australia and NSW.

Video

Whadjuk people displaced

Noongar Whadjuk [pronounced wod-JUK] Elder and ambassador Dr Noel Nannup speaks about the "tall ships" arriving in 1829 to establish the Swan River Colony, the cultural misunderstandings and resistance that occurred and the effects of colonisation on the traditional Aboriginal ways of life.

Online

The Australian Colonies: gold

This inquiry-based unit presents students with a range of visual primary sources to spark curiosity about life in the 1800s. Each activity introduces a new concept related to the Australian Gold Rushes.

Text

Race, rights & rivalries

This resource explores the history of Broome and the rich multicultural community that supported its pearling industry. The site features a virtual museum providing a range of primary source material including photographs, newspaper extracts, historical documents, video and audio recordings. The site explores the history ...

Text

Defining moments in Australian History

This extensive web-based resource examines events, people and places of profound significance to the Australian people and their personal, community and national histories. The resource includes a list of 100 'defining moments' identified by historians supported by background information, images, video and links to the ...

Interactive

Gold rush: level 2

Dig for gold on the Ballarat goldfields in 1865. Try your luck at alluvial or shaft mining. Buy a miner's permit, tools and enough supplies to last a month. Discover how hard life was on the goldfields. Explore a map showing the countries migrants left to join the gold rush in Australia. Find out which towns developed due ...

Video

Living the past: historian at Sovereign Hill

At Victoria's Sovereign Hill outdoor museum, visitors are taken back in time to the time of a famous gold rush. It's critical that the museum accurately represents that period's technology, architecture, clothing, food and lifestyle. Join Senior Historian Jan Croggon as she describes her work at Sovereign Hill and shares ...

Video

Outback House - travelling to the homestead

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work as a real station would have in the 1860s. Join the women and children as they arrive at the station ...

Video

Governor Arthur Phillip and the Eora

Governor Arthur Phillip was the first governor of New South Wales. His treatment of the indigenous Aboriginal people was initially friendly as he made efforts to get to know the Sydney Eora Aboriginal people. These early gestures though, were undermined by the displacement of Aboriginal people further inland to make room ...

Video

Protecting exposed lake beds during drought

Visit the Lower Lakes near the mouth of the Murray River in 2009. Step onto the dried-out lake floor and watch what the wind does to the sand. How can planting rye grass help to stop erosion and to control a toxic environment in the mud beneath the sand? Find out in this clip.

Video

How might water shortages in the Basin affect you?

The Murray-Darling Basin is Australia's largest river system and it's an important source of water for many Australian communities and farmers. In this clip from mid-2013, Discover more about the Basin, how it connects people and places, and the impact that drought and people's use has on this natural resource.

Video

Early encounters between European colonisers and First Australians

The arrival of Endeavour on the east coast of Australia was a pivotal moment in the long history of the continent, especially for the First Australians. It was this voyage that ultimately led to the British decision to colonise Australia and send the First Fleet . How has this decision impacted Aboriginal and Torres Strait ...

Video

Powerful words: Gough Whitlam's dismissal

Gough Whitlam is the only Australian prime minister to have been sacked from office - along with his entire government. After learning of his dismissal, Mr Whitlam addressed the Australian public and uttered a line that has resonated throughout Australian politics since 1975. Words can be immensely powerful and, as you ...

Video

Modernising Japan in the Meiji era

The restoration of Emperor Meiji in 1868 ushered in a period of rapid change in Japan. The country not only borrowed practices and technologies from Western countries, in less than forty years it too had become an imperialist power. This clip is fifth in a series of six.

Video

What letters and land titles tell us of the past

How do historians determine whether information about the early years of colonial life in Australia is reliable? Many official and personal documents have survived to tell us about this period in Australia's history. Listen to a diary account about a surgeon (doctor) visiting sick convict labourers in chains. This clip ...

Video

Famine and aid: Ethiopia

The Live Aid concert in 1985 drew attention to Ethiopia's terrible drought and famine. When this clip was made decades later in 2008, the developing nation was still experiencing widespread hunger. See how charitable aid can impact on the lives of those in less developed countries.

Video

Sluicing and panning for gold

How does a small prospector mine gold? Most modern goldmining is conducted by big companies with heavy machinery. But in this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters meets a prospector whose methods and tools differ only a little from those used by Chinese miners at Pine Creek a century earlier.

Video

Sowing crops after floods

Natural disasters such as flooding can create havoc for farmers who rely on favourable growing conditions for high yields. This clip shows some Australian farmers responding to floods that have affected their crop production. See how they deal with these and other weather-related impacts.