Civics and citizenship / Year 8 / Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

How citizens can participate in Australia’s democracy, including use of the electoral system, contact with their elected representatives, use of lobby groups, and direct action (ACHCK062)

Elaborations
  • comparing the effectiveness of different forms of participation in Australia’s democracy
  • exploring how elected representatives can advocate on behalf of citizens
  • investigating examples where citizens have taken direct action such as organising a public demonstration or social media campaign
  • analysing how opinion polls are conducted and the ways they are used in democratic debate
  • exploring the different ways that citizens can participate in and support Australia’s democracy through their working lives, such as by serving in the armed services or as a reservist, teaching, representing Australia abroad as a diplomat or aid worker, or joining the police service or the public service
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Activism,  Voting rights,  Active citizenship,  Direct action

Interactive Resource

Be the change

This is an interactive about becoming an effective agent of change through civic action in a local community. Users learn a number of practical ways to take democratic action on issues. The context is an abandoned block of land located in an area with a range of issues, such as youth unemployment and environment concerns. ...

Teacher resource

Citizenship: Let's talk recognition

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 28-page pdf about citizenship learning, how citizenship is shaped by social and cultural forces, and how it relates to Reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Beginning with a historical summary and ...

Text

Voting in Australia

The representatives elected to federal Parliament make decisions that affect many aspects of Australian life including tax, marriage, the environment, trade and immigration. This 28 page PDF document explains the history of Australia’s electoral system and how it works, Australia’s system of government and the role citizens ...

Teacher resource

Get Voting

This website provides a step-by-step guide to running an school elections such as student leadership positions. The five-step process provides practical advice on preparation and a variety of downloadable resources. The forms can be customised and include nomination forms, ballot papers, how to vote cards and tally sheets ...

Teacher resource

Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum Year 8 unit of work

The activities and assessments in the unit will help develop students’ understanding of how citizens can participate in a democratic society and the different types of law.

Moving Image

The Flip Side of Bike Helmets

It's illegal to ride a bike without a helmet in Australia. Sue Abbott and Dr Jake Olivier differ on this issue. This video is designed for students presents both points of view as a stimulus for students to reach their own conclusions. The video discusses how laws are made and explores different points of view on whether ...

Moving Image

Difference Differently: inclusive Communities and Democracy

This short documentary follows a group of NSW primary and secondary students who came together to share and develop community initiatives aimed at increasing social inclusion and cohesion. The students’ proposals focus on a range of groups that experience discrimination, for example, on the basis of language, religion, ...

Teacher resource

Whose democracy? - unit of work

This is an extended sequence of lessons about the influence citizens can exert over government. The lessons focus on three topics: issues important to our class and the local community; the role of interest groups in Australia; and the role of interest groups in key issues in Australian history such as equal voting rights ...

Video

Charles Perkins: Freedom Ride, 1999

This video clip outlines how Charles Perkins’ involvement in the Freedom Ride through rural New South Wales in the early 1960s played a crucial role in demonstrating that Aboriginal people could begin to stand up for themselves. 'Charles Perkins: Freedom Ride' is an excerpt from the program 'Charles Perkins' (26 min), an ...

Teacher resource

Exploring the Australian of the Year Awards

The inquiry unit provides a sequence of investigations that asks students to consider the history of the Australian of the Year Awards and the gallery of outstanding Australians that the Awards celebrate. Students use a variety of primary and secondary source materials to explore how Australia's changing perspectives on ...

StillImage

Oil painting - opening of first Commonwealth Parliament, 1901

This is a monochrome oil painting by Charles Nuttall, depicting the opening of the first Commonwealth Parliament in the Exhibition Building, Melbourne, on 9 May 1901. The painting is 226 cm high x 405 cm wide, and it has a carved wooden frame with a leaf pattern.

Video

Faith Bandler, 1993: 1967 referendum

This clip shows civil rights activist Faith Bandler talking about the 1967 referendum. The clip opens with archival footage of Bandler saying that the fairest thing for the government to do would be to hold a referendum. The clip then cuts to Bandler many years later, saying that before the referendum of 1967 Aboriginal ...

Video

Neville Bonner, 1991: change

This clip shows Aboriginal activist and politician Neville Bonner talking about the need to change the way in which issues concerning Aboriginal people are addressed. He says that all the decisions concerning Aboriginal people have been 'made for us by non-Aboriginal people', based on non-Aboriginal perspectives, priorities ...

Teacher resource

Examining the lives of historical figures to help us effect change - unit of work

This is a short unit of work about significant historical figures from Australia's past, the contributions they made and how their actions have affected Australia today. Intended for lower secondary students, the unit is organised around two activities. The first involves a study of Edith Cowan. It serves as a model for ...

Teacher resource

Evaluating strategies for change - unit of work

This is a unit of work of about four hours' duration that deals with the strategies employed by eight Australians who have been or are involved in political parties or social movements to bring about change. Four of the eight are from the 19th or 20th centuries and the other four are from the present day or relatively recent ...

Teacher resource

Giving it: resources for secondary schools

This series of resources explores the concept of philanthropy and considers why and how active citizens participate in communities. Student worksheets examine the concept of civic responsibility and explore the values underpinning the act of giving. Research activities encourage students to explore different community groups ...

Video

Faith Bandler, 1993: activist

This clip shows civil rights activist Faith Bandler talking about setting up the Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship with Pearl Gibbs in order to achieve Gibbs's ambition of abolishing the Aborigines Welfare Board. Bandler says that at the time Aboriginal people in New South Wales were 'locked away on reservations' and needed ...

Video

Francis De Groot's sword, 2009

This clip reveals that when right-wing agitator Francis De Groot upstaged the 1932 opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and sliced through the ceremonial ribbon, the antique sword he wielded cemented its place as an Australian national treasure. The clip is an excerpt from 'Francis De Groot’s sword', an episode from the ...