Geography / Year 7 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Water in the world

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The way that flows of water connects places as it moves through the environment and the way this affects places (ACHGK038)

Elaborations
  • explaining how the movement of water through the environment connects places (for example, the melting of snow in spring feeding rivers and dams downstream)
  • investigating the environmental, economic and social uses of water and the effects of water as it connects people and places (for example, the effects of water diversion in the Snowy Mountains)
  • investigating the importance of environmental flows
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Water resources,  Human settlements

Video

A river that gives and takes

On the floodplains of Bangladesh, farmers know a thing or two about change. Soil and nutrients delivered by mighty rivers such as the Ganges during one flood might be stripped away without warning by the next. See how one person's loss might be another person's gain.

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Prehistoric Wollemi Pine discovered

The 1994 discovery of the Wollemi Pine in the Blue Mountains was a momentous event, but the story doesn't end there. This ancient 'living fossil' species is millions of years old but was on the brink of extinction. Watch this clip to explore the remote canyon environments where it grows and find out about the remarkable ...

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Lake Eyre bursts into life

Watch and be amazed at how Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre is transformed from a dry salt pan to a vast lake bursting with life. Find out what attracts thousands of pelicans to this region from thousands of kilometres away.

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Patterns of El Nino and La Nina

Australia's rainfall is best described as 'unreliable'. Long periods of drought can quickly give way to extensive floods. This clip uses animations to help you understand how the El Nino and La Nina phenomena contribute to Australia's climate patterns.

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Aral Sea more like a desert

How did the Aral Sea go from the fourth-largest lake in the world to resembling a desert? In this clip you will see just how quickly the lake has disappeared, leaving desert sands in its wake and shattering local economies in the process.

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Leaky weirs hydrate a thirsty landscape

Peter Andrews is a natural engineer. His 'leaky weirs' are helping to keep farm soils hydrated, even in extended periods of drought. Peter appears to be working in concert with nature, so why are his ideas so revolutionary?

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What is El Nino?

The Bureau of Meteorology has just announced that Australia has now moved from a La Niña weather pattern, to an El Niño weather pattern. But what does that mean? And what impact could it have on Australian farmers? Let's find out!

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Hawkesbury River: tourism and river health

The Hawkesbury-Nepean river catchment provides a useful example of river management issues. This clip shows conservationist canoeists completing their journey along the Hawkesbury River in the 'Source to Sea' project. See what's being done to protect a fragile ecosystem of the river: seagrass. Find out how increased demand ...

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Damming the free and mighty Mekong

The Mekong has been a rare thing: a largely untouched and free-flowing river. Stretching for nearly 5,000 km from the mountains of Tibet to Vietnam's Mekong Delta, it has provided a way of life for millions of people and been an important trading route between south-western China and south-eastern Asia. In this clip from ...

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Yucatán Peninsula: cenotes

The Yucatán Peninsula is located in south-eastern Mexico and covers a vast area of coastline south of the Gulf of Mexico. It is a popular tourist destination for people who travel to cities such as Cancún to enjoy sandy white beaches. Explore the subterranean freshwater caverns of this region and discover why this pristine ...

Video

Where does water go after it rains?

What happens to rainfall in Australia? Water usually flows downhill, and because we know where the hills are, scientists have been able to divide the country into drainage divisions, or catchments. Find out which drainage division you're in, and learn what happens to rainwater that doesn't make it to the sea. |Learn more ...

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Severe erosion in the Upper Murray River

Farmers along Victoria's Upper Murray claim that soil erosion on their properties is being caused by water released from the Snowy Mountains Scheme, a hydro-electricity project located in the Southern Alps. This clip from 2013 investigates the degradation occurring in an area where prime agricultural land is valued at 10,000 ...

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Unconventional approach yields startling success

Peter Andrews uses unconventional methods to 'fix' creeks and unproductive landscapes. He's been blocking up creeks and encouraging weeds to grow! Whilst Peter's ideas about water management have drawn criticism from some quarters, scientific investigations appear to show that he is on the right track.

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Water sponge beneath our feet

Could it be that nature has its own system of creating water reserves to help the country get through dry times? Peter Andrews thinks so. His approach provides an alternative to the way most farmers manage water resources. But some of Peter's ideas have caused ripples of discontent, especially among authorities and his neighbours.

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Mother Mekong

Discover the connections between people and ancient temples hidden along the mighty Mekong River. Find out how long the temple Wat Phu (Vat Phou) has been a place of worship. Consider the spiritual value of this river, which provides more than sustenance and money.

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Dams and dolphins on the Mekong?

If the Lao Government's plans are realised, nine hydropower dams will be built across the Mekong River in Laos, and more across its tributaries. The government wants the country to become the 'battery of Asia'. With this dream comes a host of issues. Listen to reasons why the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) suggests hydro-dam ...

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Where does wastewater go?

Most of us have probably wondered about where our wastewater goes after it flows down the drain. In this clip, visit a wastewater treatment plant in Victoria with Peter Rowsthorn to search for answers. See how controlled water flows and biological processes are used to help clean up sewage and wastewater before it is released ...

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Oceans are the great providers

Did you know that the world's oceans provide the oxygen for every second breath you take? While oceans represent the largest habitat on Earth, they remain relatively unexplored. What is clear is that the oceans play a major role in shaping life on this planet. Watch this clip and prepare to be amazed!

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Rivers of power

Join canyoning instructor Zak Griffiths as he investigates a river's incredible force and energy. See how features of the river can change from one day to the next. View an animation showing how various materials in the river are transported by moving water.

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Climatic cycles in the Pacific

Australia's climate is characterised by regular cycles of flood and drought. But the same cycles also affect our near neighbours in the Pacific Ocean. In this animation the Climate Crabs take us on a journey through the Pacific Islands as we learn more about the climatic phenomena known as El Nino and La Nina.