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Geography / Year 7 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Water in the world

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The nature of water scarcity and ways of overcoming it, including studies drawn from Australia and West Asia and/or North Africa (ACHGK040)

Elaborations
  • investigating the causes of water scarcity (for example, an absolute shortage of water (physical), inadequate development of water resources (economic), or the ways water is used)
  • discussing the advantages and disadvantages of strategies to overcome water scarcity (for example, recycling (‘grey water’), stormwater harvesting and re-use, desalination, inter-regional transfer of water and trade in virtual water, and reducing water consumption)
  • examining why water is a difficult resource to manage and sustain (for example, because of its shared and competing uses and variability of supply over time and space)
  • investigating whether the use of water in their place is sustainable
  • investigating land use management practices that have adversely affected water supply, such as land clearing and some farming practices
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Water use,  Water resources,  Water treatment,  Groundwater,  Lakes,  Rivers

Video

Maasai fighting drought

It was considered the worst drought on record. This news report from 2000 shows how Kenya's semi-nomadic herders, the Maasai, responded to a particularly long drought. In addition to compromising their wellbeing, the drought began to alter the fabric of Maasai society.

Video

East Timor in the grip of drought

The El Nino climatic cycle affects near neighbours East Timor (Timor Leste) and Australia. East Timorese farmers are as familiar with drought as their Australian counterparts but serious economic and social challenges heighten its impact. Watch this 2002 clip to see how the effects of drought are felt throughout East Timor.

Video

Global assessment of ecosystems

Have you heard of a global warning system for ecosystems? Watch this clip to find out about a system for assessing all the ecosystems around the world - and what it means for Australia. You will find out about the Murray-Darling Basin and other important Australian ecosystems, as well as the status of the Aral Sea in Central Asia.

Video

How does desalination work?

Perth's water supplies are under pressure. The reason: declining rainfall in the southwest of Western Australia. In this clip, join Peter Rowsthorn as he tours a desalination plant and investigates how to turn sea water into drinking water. With similar plants popping up around Australia, will desalination be the solution ...

Video

Water sponge beneath our feet

Could it be that nature has its own system of creating water reserves to help the country get through dry times? Peter Andrews thinks so. His approach provides an alternative to the way most farmers manage water resources. But some of Peter's ideas have caused ripples of discontent, especially among authorities and his neighbours.

Video

Water reservoirs as climate change adaptation

This is a video about water availability for people living in the Peruvian Andes. It includes vision and information about water scarcity in this region and details of a Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations funded project involving the creation of a sustainable water management program. The program involves ...

Image

Groundwater-surface water connectivity

This is an online resource about groundwater-surface water connectivity. The resource provides a definition, describes what groundwater-surface water connectivity is, and identifies the complexities of the relationship between groundwater and surface water. Diagrams depicting the movement of groundwater water are provided. ...

Text

Looking after the land

This is a resource about the environmental, climatic, natural disaster and pest challenges faced during settlement in Australia. It includes details about land management techniques; extreme and unique weather conditions, including floods and droughts; bushfires; animal and plant pests; and water management. Text, images, ...

Video

The impossible made possible: ahh, clean water!

In Flores, Indonesia, eleven local villages and two international organisations work together to achieve an 'impossible' engineering feat. See in how many ways piping clean springwater from high up on a mountainside can help a community in need.

Online

Drought and flood in the Murray-Darling Basin

This lesson sequence focuses on the cycle of drought and flood in the Murray-Darling Basin. It looks at perspectives on and future predictions of flood and drought and includes a research-based case study of the impact of flood and drought on a settlement or region in the Murray-Darling Basin. The lesson sequence includes ...

Video

Tough times in the wheatbelt

Just north of Dubbo in New South Wales lies a town called Walgett, a rural town that relies on wheat farming. This clip reveals the effects of prolonged drought, showing how the community of Walgett was suffering in 2003. While things looked grim, find out what one good season could do.

Audio

Water security: a 'tipping point', 2013

Just as scientists talk about a climate 'tipping point', water experts have issued a similar warning for global water systems. Listen to this audio clip to find out what this tipping point means for water resources and security around the world. You'll hear from two of the world's leaders on water security, after their ...

Video

Mount Isa faces a water crisis

Mount Isa is known for its hot and dry climate, but this clip from May 2013 shows the city during one of its driest spells on record. With water restrictions already in place, this Queensland town is on the cusp of a serious water shortage. If it doesn't rain soon, Mount Isa's residents and its economic livelihood will ...

Video

Water management for poverty reduction

This is a three-minute animated video about the difference that access to motor pumps for irrigation can make to poor farming families' food security and livelihood. It aims to persuade viewers that irrigation technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa are a worthy investment. The video sets the scene by illustrating the importance ...

Video

Reforestation as a climate change strategy

This is a video about an agroforestry project to restore the tree cover of microwatersheds in the High Andes of Peru in which the Chumbivilcas community worked with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund. Interviews with the local mayor and project officers emphasise ...

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Sustainable table: meet your meat

This is a website about the environmental and animal welfare issues related to the consumption of meat. It contains sections on the amount of meat we eat; the environmental impacts of consuming meat; cattle, chicken, egg-laying-hen and pig-farming factories; and what can be done to improve the current state of the meat ...

Interactive

Sites2See – water education

Resources and information on water as a human right, global water equality, water management and water consumption, with a range of teacher resources for water education.

Online

Access to safe water and sanitation

This is a compilation of seven teaching sequences about access to safe water and sanitation. It includes sections on access to safe water and adequate sanitation services; water collection and use; ways water is accessed in some developing countries; use of appropriate technology to produce safe, clean water and toilets; ...

Image

Groundwater

This is an online resource about Australia's groundwater that provides important information, facts and images about groundwater. It contains seven major sections: Latest news about Australia's groundwater; Basics - groundwater; Our capabilities - groundwater; Groundwater in Australia; Understanding groundwater resources; ...

Online

Food for thought: learn resources for science

This is a rich resource for teachers about the impact of climate change on small-scale farmers. It includes two sets of resources, one for the primary level and the other for the secondary level. Each set of resources includes: a teacher guide with learning activities; worksheets for students; crop cards; and a PowerPoint ...