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Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Different types of landscapes and their distinctive landform features (ACHGK048)

Elaborations
  • identifying different types of landscapes (for example, coastal, riverine, arid, mountain and karst) and describing examples from around the world, including Antarctica
  • identifying some iconic landscapes in Australia and the world, and describing what makes them iconic
  • describing some of the different types of landforms within a landscape
  • exploring the names, meanings and significance of landform features from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander perspective
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Landforms

Video

What's the highest mountain you've climbed?

Sherpas have been an integral part of the successful attempts to climb Mount Everest, in the Himalayas. Come on a journey with Keith Adams as he takes us into the Sherpa village of Namche Bazaar. This clip from 1980 demonstrates how the wellbeing of the Sherpas has always been underpinned by their ability to survive in ...

Video

Lake Eyre bursts into life

Watch and be amazed at how Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre is transformed from a dry salt pan to a vast lake bursting with life. Find out what attracts thousands of pelicans to this region from thousands of kilometres away.

Video

A river that gives and takes

On the floodplains of Bangladesh, farmers know a thing or two about change. Soil and nutrients delivered by mighty rivers such as the Ganges during one flood might be stripped away without warning by the next. See how one person's loss might be another person's gain.

Video

Island hopping in a tropical paradise

The Whitsunday Islands, a collection of continental islands close to the mainland, were created when sea levels rose and flooded the valleys. These tropical Queensland islands are a haven for many plant, bird and reptile species. Take a tour of the Whitsundays and the surrounding Great Barrier Reef and see the different landforms.

Video

A peak into Australia's alpine region

The Australian Alps are a landscape of mountain ranges and peaks, low foothills and forested valleys. It is the place that inspired the poem 'The Man from Snowy River'. Watch this clip to find out more about the Australian Alps and the animals that inhabit this area.

Video

Ellison Reef: has it been saved?

Ellison Reef, part of the Great Barrier Reef, is located off the coast of Mission Beach in North Queensland. In 1981, after years of court battles, the entire Great Barrier Reef became a protected World Heritage Site. But, after three decades of protection, the reef is still dying. What action is required to save one of ...

Video

How did Uluru form?

Uluru is found in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia's Red Centre. This region contains many landform features and is a place of special significance for both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples alike. Find out about the Earth movements that created these incredible landforms and the creation stories of the area's ...

Interactive

Rainforest: read a brochure

Read a six-page brochure about the climate of a temperate rainforest in Victoria. Look at maps of Australia showing patterns of temperature and rainfall. Find out what clothing to bring and how to get to the rainforest from the airport. As you go, look up the meaning of tricky words.

Video

Welcome to Wollemi National Park

Wollemi National Park is part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. The traditional owners are the Wiradjuri people. This clip will take you on a guided tour of Dunns Swamp, in the north-west section of the park. The spectacular ancient landscape draws thousands of tourists each year but if you know where to ...

Video

Bardi Jawi Rangers: caring for country

Join Dwayne and Trevor as they show us around their 'office', which must have some of the best views in Australia! They are Bardi Jawi Rangers, working hard to care for country on the Dampier Peninsula in the West Kimberley. See the spectacular landscape they work in and hear why Dwayne and Trevor love their jobs.

Video

Monsoon rains spark explosion of life in Kakadu

The animals of Kakadu National Park live in a landscape dominated by tropical woodlands and expansive wetlands. These wetlands appear each wet season after the monsoon rains, and animals are drawn together here to feed and mate. Kakadu, a place of extreme seasonal change and incredible wildlife, attracts many visitors from ...

Video

A video postcard from the Kimberley

Everyone loves getting a postcard in the mail, but this video postcard from the Kimberley takes us into the very heart of this remote region of Western Australia. Join Linda Hannig as she journeys through spectacular landscape. See, through the lens of Linda's camera, the features that draw thousands of tourists there every year.

Video

Ocean deep, mountain high

Ocean trenches are the deepest parts of the ocean. See why their location is a clue to how they were formed. How have mountain chains like the Alps and Himalayas been created? Find the answers to these questions by taking a closer look at what's happening at the world's convergent plate boundaries.

Video

An inland nursery for Australian birds

When floodwaters reach Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre in South Australia, many species of waterbirds, including pelicans and the rare Banded Stilt, arrive to breed and raise their young. See why Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre was declared a national park and find out what happens to the birdlife once the lake dries.

Video

Sloping beaches and the perfect wave

Learning to surf? You'd want to start out on a gentle wave, right? But once you get the hang of it, you'd be looking for a bigger challenge! This clip will guide your search for the perfect wave and help you understand the relationship between waves and the features of a beach.

Video

Prehistoric Wollemi Pine discovered

The 1994 discovery of the Wollemi Pine in the Blue Mountains was a momentous event, but the story doesn't end there. This ancient 'living fossil' species is millions of years old but was on the brink of extinction. Watch this clip to explore the remote canyon environments where it grows and find out about the remarkable ...

Video

Rivers of power

Join canyoning instructor Zak Griffiths as he investigates a river's incredible force and energy. See how features of the river can change from one day to the next. View an animation showing how various materials in the river are transported by moving water.

Video

Tectonic plates move slowly with massive results

The Earth's tectonic plates move just a few millimetres every year. It may not sound like much, but over time it's enough to create some amazing landforms at the plate boundaries. Take a look at how scientists track this movement and find out where the biggest plate movements occur.

Video

Spectacular landforms shaped by erosion

Take a trip around the English coastline. In each location, the erosive power of the wind and the waves is obvious. But it's differences in the underlying geology that account for the diverse range of landforms that you are about to see.

Video

Sleeping giant awakens on Montserrat

The small Caribbean island of Montserrat is home to a volcano that lay dormant for over 300 years until it erupted in 1995. See how years of volcanic activity on the island has changed the landscape. Find out about pyroclastic flows and how dome volcanoes form.