Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Different types of landscapes and their distinctive landform features (ACHGK048)

Elaborations
  • identifying different types of landscapes (for example, coastal, riverine, arid, mountain and karst) and describing examples from around the world, including Antarctica
  • identifying some iconic landscapes in Australia and the world, and describing what makes them iconic
  • describing some of the different types of landforms within a landscape
  • exploring the names, meanings and significance of landform features from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander perspective
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Landforms

Moving Image

The world's largest living organism

The Great Barrier Reef is a collection of large coral reefs that stretch for more than 2,000 km along the Queensland coast. The Reef is home to a huge number of plants and animals, and it has many islands and coral cays. Watch nesting turtles and go underwater to see spectacular footage of reef creatures. Discover more ...

Interactive Resource

Interactive maps

Interactive Maps is a discovery and exploration view of Geoscience Australia's geospatial services. Maps are organised under the following themes: Australian Marine Spatial Information System (AMSIS); Earth observation and satellite imagery, National location information; Geology and geophysics; Hazards; Marine and coastal; ...

Moving Image

Piecing together the puzzle of plate tectonics

In this clip, seismologist Roderick Stewart provides some firsthand information about data that helps us understand volcanic and earthquake activity. Find out the link between tectonic plate theory and seismology's study of the location of earthquakes and volcanoes. See how seismology helps us to understand Earth's structure.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Rainforest: read a brochure

Read a six-page brochure about the climate of a temperate rainforest in Victoria. Look at maps of Australia showing patterns of temperature and rainfall. Find out what clothing to bring and how to get to the rainforest from the airport. As you go, look up the meaning of tricky words.

Moving Image

Tectonic plates move slowly with massive results

The Earth's tectonic plates move just a few millimetres every year. It may not sound like much, but over time it's enough to create some amazing landforms at the plate boundaries. Take a look at how scientists track this movement and find out where the biggest plate movements occur.

Text

Landforms from space

This is an online resource containing satellite images of nine distinctive landforms across Australia. The images, taken from the Landsat satellite series, are of the landforms: Roper River, NT; Lake Eyre, SA; Gulf Country, Qld; Channel Country, Qld; Cairns, Qld; Liverpool Plains, NSW; Snowy Mountains, NSW; Gippsland, Vic; ...

Moving Image

Restoring coral reefs

This is a video resource describing efforts by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to restore coral reefs damaged by pollution, disease, climate change and ship groundings in the Caribbean and Florida Keys. The video explains that the natural building blocks of reefs in these areas are staghorn and ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

Moving Image

At the peak of the Kakadu monsoon

The monsoonal rains of Kakadu are the lifeblood of the landscape, creating the floodplains and paperbark swamps that animals rely on for food and shelter. Kakadu National Park is a special place where a dramatic cycle of life and death is played out. Explore one of Australia's national treasures, Kakadu, at the peak of ...

Moving Image

Spectacular landforms shaped by erosion

Take a trip around the English coastline. In each location, the erosive power of the wind and the waves is obvious. But it's differences in the underlying geology that account for the diverse range of landforms that you are about to see.

Moving Image

Kakadu history in rock art

Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory is transformed each year by the monsoonal rains, but how did ancient sea level changes alter the landscape? Thousands of Aboriginal rock art sites across Kakadu tell the stories of this ancient, sacred land. Visit some of them to discover more about this place and its people.

Moving Image

An island where warm waters meet cool

Lord Howe Island lies off the east coast of Australia where warm, tropical seas meet cool currents from the south. Here, a mix of fish suited to warmer waters live together with fish suited to the cooler southern waters. Lord Howe Island has many reasons to be protected, such as being home to the world's most southern coral ...

Moving Image

Tassie tiger: does it still exist?

The Tasmanian wilderness is a rugged and remote environment where many extraordinary and prehistoric species are found. Watch this clip to see the spectacular landscapes, ancient trees and wildlife, including the Tasmanian Devil. You will also see incredible footage of the last known Tasmanian Tiger. Could it still survive ...

Moving Image

Tasmania's ancient pine forests

Tasmania's forests are an important natural feature of Australia. It is where you will find the mighty Franklin River and Huon Pine trees. Huon Pines were highly valued by early colonialists who logged them for timber and resin, which were ideal for boat building. Today Huon Pines are valued as a spectacular symbol of an ...

Moving Image

Wild backyards: digital stories

This an online series of three short digital stories produced by the Queensland Museum entitled 'Wild backyards' in which experts explain how they made backyards more attractive to native wildlife. Links to Brisbane, Roma and Innisfail provide information on three different types of backyard. Each digital story includes ...

Moving Image

Kingdom of the crocodile

Kakadu National Park is a World Heritage site in the tropical north of Australia. Bursting with a rich collection of plant, bird, mammal and reptile species, Kakadu is a special place where the Saltwater Crocodile sits at the top of the food chain. Watch this clip to find out about the landscape, climate and life found in Kakadu.

Moving Image

River of the Snowy Mountains diverted

Water flows from the Snowy River were diverted as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme, started in 1949. The Scheme provides electric power and additional water for the Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers to be used for irrigation. See how this feat of engineering was undertaken and how the landscape was modified.

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: years 7-8 - inquiry and skills

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical inquiry and Skills and the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. In Illustration 1, year 7 students ...

Moving Image

Ocean deep, mountain high

Ocean trenches are the deepest parts of the ocean. See why their location is a clue to how they were formed. How have mountain chains like the Alps and Himalayas been created? Find the answers to these questions by taking a closer look at what's happening at the world's convergent plate boundaries.

Moving Image

Bardi Jawi Rangers: caring for country

Join Dwayne and Trevor as they show us around their 'office', which must have some of the best views in Australia! They are Bardi Jawi Rangers, working hard to care for country on the Dampier Peninsula in the West Kimberley. See the spectacular landscape they work in and hear why Dwayne and Trevor love their jobs.