Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Geomorphic processes that produce landforms, including a case study of at least one landform (ACHGK050)

Elaborations
  • describing the influence of folding, faulting or volcanism on a chosen landform
  • researching the effects of rock type, weathering, erosion by water and wind, and transportation and deposition on the chosen landform
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Environmental management,  Environmental hazards,  Earth movements,  Disaster relief

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Deep ocean volcanoes

This is a video resource about the discovery of the deepest ocean volcano to date - the West Mata submarine volcano between Samoa, Fiji and Tonga - which is more than 1000 metres beneath the ocean surface. The video features footage of the erupting volcano, with lava believed to be among the hottest on Earth, and shows ...

Interactive Resource

Interactive maps

Interactive Maps is a discovery and exploration view of Geoscience Australia's geospatial services. Maps are organised under the following themes: Australian Marine Spatial Information System (AMSIS); Earth observation and satellite imagery, National location information; Geology and geophysics; Hazards; Marine and coastal; ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See – earthquakes

Resources on the topic of earthquakes to help explore the human and physical dimensions. Links to maps and interactive activities on plate tectonics, with a particular focus on the Caribbean plate, the movement of which caused the devastating earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, and links to news and information about the ...

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Piecing together the puzzle of plate tectonics

In this clip, seismologist Roderick Stewart provides some firsthand information about data that helps us understand volcanic and earthquake activity. Find out the link between tectonic plate theory and seismology's study of the location of earthquakes and volcanoes. See how seismology helps us to understand Earth's structure.

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Tectonic plates move slowly with massive results

The Earth's tectonic plates move just a few millimetres every year. It may not sound like much, but over time it's enough to create some amazing landforms at the plate boundaries. Take a look at how scientists track this movement and find out where the biggest plate movements occur.

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Landforms from space

This is an online resource containing satellite images of nine distinctive landforms across Australia. The images, taken from the Landsat satellite series, are of the landforms: Roper River, NT; Lake Eyre, SA; Gulf Country, Qld; Channel Country, Qld; Cairns, Qld; Liverpool Plains, NSW; Snowy Mountains, NSW; Gippsland, Vic; ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

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Spectacular landforms shaped by erosion

Take a trip around the English coastline. In each location, the erosive power of the wind and the waves is obvious. But it's differences in the underlying geology that account for the diverse range of landforms that you are about to see.

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What is a volcano?

This is an online resource about volcanoes that provides important information about what a volcano is, describes the three most common volcanoes and explains hazards caused by volcanic eruptions. Links in the right-hand menu provide additional volcano-related resources including publications, a volcano library catalogue ...

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Taming the Australian Desert

The Western Desert region of Australia has been lived on, charted and cared for by Aboriginal peoples for tens of thousands of years. European settlers, however, saw the same region as something to be conquered or tamed; full of challenges, extreme weather patterns and landscape. See how Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: years 7-8 - inquiry and skills

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical inquiry and Skills and the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. In Illustration 1, year 7 students ...

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Vents and volcanoes

This is a video resource describing hydrothermal vents deep on the ocean floor that release warm mineral-rich fluid able to support unique ecosystems. The video shows how hydrothermal vents are created and sustained by the heat of volcanic activity at tectonic plate boundaries. Microbes use the chemical energy of the hydrothermal ...

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Ocean deep, mountain high

Ocean trenches are the deepest parts of the ocean. See why their location is a clue to how they were formed. How have mountain chains like the Alps and Himalayas been created? Find the answers to these questions by taking a closer look at what's happening at the world's convergent plate boundaries.

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Sleeping giant awakens on Montserrat

The small Caribbean island of Montserrat is home to a volcano that lay dormant for over 300 years until it erupted in 1995. See how years of volcanic activity on the island has changed the landscape. Find out about pyroclastic flows and how dome volcanoes form.

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Trek into Cradle Mountain and Lake St Clair

Tasmania's Cradle Mountain and Lake St Clair are part of the Tasmanian World Heritage area. Come and see jagged peaks and pristine lakes that were formed thousands of years ago during the last ice age. Find out why the Aboriginal people of this area, the Larmairremener, called Australia's deepest lake 'Leeawuleena'.

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What causes volcanoes?

This is an online resource about the causes of volcanoes, part of a larger resource about volcanoes. It includes sections on the Earth's tectonic plate margins spreading, the Earth's tectonic plate margins subducting, and predicting volcanic eruptions. The image at the top of the screen illustrates the inside workings of ...

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Where do volcanoes occur?

This is an online resource about where volcanoes occur, part of a larger resource about volcanoes. It provides: important information about the occurrence of volcanoes close to the Earth's tectonic plate boundaries; a map showing the Earth's tectonic plate boundaries; and, near the bottom of the screen, a link to a map ...

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Palaeogeographic atlas: Australia

This is an online atlas tracing the evolution of the Australian continent from 542 million to 10,000 years ago. It consists of 70 maps able to be viewed individually or in various time sequence slideshows. The maps, superimposed on outlines of Greater Australia, show continental land, coastal and marine areas, rivers, bodies ...

Teacher resource

Classroom Antarctica: Heard and McDonald Islands

This is a learning sequence that investigates questions related to the protection of significant landscapes such as sub-Antarctic islands. Students are guided to explore the climate, landforms, vegetation and wildlife of Heard Island. Through comparing two sub-Antarctic islands students gain an understanding of why these ...

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Island hopping in a tropical paradise

The Whitsunday Islands, a collection of continental islands close to the mainland, were created when sea levels rose and flooded the valleys. These tropical Queensland islands are a haven for many plant, bird and reptile species. Take a tour of the Whitsundays and the surrounding Great Barrier Reef and see the different landforms.