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Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Human causes and effects of landscape degradation (ACHGK051)

Elaborations
  • analysing the effects of erosion and sedimentation produced by human activities, including farming and recreation, on landscape quality
  • examining the effects of mining and quarrying, and urban development, on landscape quality
  • describing the effects of river regulation including dams, locks, channel straightening and drains, on riverine and wetland landscape quality
  • investigating the effects of the built elements of environments (for example, urban development, marinas and sea walls) on coastal landscape quality
  • investigating the ways introduced plants or animals or activities such as mining affect landscape quality and examining the effects on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Human impact,  Sediment transport,  Soil degradation,  Erosion,  Construction

Video

Yucatán Peninsula: sustainable tourism

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Global assessment of ecosystems

Have you heard of a global warning system for ecosystems? Watch this clip to find out about a system for assessing all the ecosystems around the world - and what it means for Australia. You will find out about the Murray-Darling Basin and other important Australian ecosystems, as well as the status of the Aral Sea in Central Asia.

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Three Gorges Dam: hydro-electricity as a choice

China has built the massive Three Gorges Dam to provide hydro-electricity. The dam provides power without the harmful emissions produced by burning coal. But are there other costs? Hear from a Chinese professor whose opposition to the dam has waned, but who calls for careful attention to the problems that this dam has created ...

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Landslides along the Three Gorges Dam

The world's largest dam project is set to bring enormous benefits to the Chinese economy. But there's a potential side-effect of altering the natural system - the likelihood that more geological disasters such as landslides will occur in the area. Find out why in this clip from 2008.

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Yucatán Peninsula: Cancún-style tourism

See what has made south-eastern Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, and in particular its city of Cancún, a popular tourist destination. Listen to different viewpoints on large-scale tourism in the region - one that presents its economic benefits and others that point to its environmental impacts.

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Threats to coral reefs: what are they?

Coral reefs are in trouble. Though important ecologically and vital for local communities, they're facing a range of serious threats. Listen to a panel of scientific and community experts discussing the human and natural factors that stress coral reefs around the world. Find out the recipe for how to kill a reef. Then learn ...

Online

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

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Salinity and the Murray-Darling Basin

This lesson sequence examines salinity in the Murray-Darling Basin: the source of the salt, why it is a problem, how it is monitored and current management strategies. It includes a teacher PowerPoint presentation, separate teacher notes and a student worksheet. This lesson sequence is one in a series exploring aspects ...

Online

Running the rivers of the Murray-Darling Basin

This lesson sequence examines the role that river operators play in water resource management in the Murray-Darling Basin and explains how they direct water releases and track progress downstream for environmental watering and flood management. It includes a teacher PowerPoint presentation, separate teacher notes and a ...

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Why are coral reefs important?

Coral reefs contain a high biodiversity of marine life and they're vital natural assets for coastal communities and cultures. In this clip you will hear from a panel of scientific and community experts as they discuss the importance of coral reefs to billions of people around the world. Discover some perspectives on the ...

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Damming the Yangtze

See the world's largest dam - China's Three Gorges Dam - which provides hydroelectric power. Learn about some of its benefits, and, as you watch this clip from 2008, consider these benefits against the social cost of displacing local communities.

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What Greenland's ice tells us about climate change

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TAR-RU: The story of Lake Victoria

This 46 minute video explores the environmental and cultural impact of a dam on Lake Victoria in south western NSW and current efforts to protect the significant Aboriginal heritage and environmental values of the area. It provides a comprehensive historical case study about the Aboriginal culture at TAR-RU and the effect ...

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Landforms from space

This is an online resource containing satellite images of nine distinctive landforms across Australia. The images, taken from the Landsat satellite series, are of the landforms: Roper River, NT; Lake Eyre, SA; Gulf Country, Qld; Channel Country, Qld; Cairns, Qld; Liverpool Plains, NSW; Snowy Mountains, NSW; Gippsland, Vic; ...

Online

Locks, Weirs and Dams

This lesson sequence examines structures that are used by water resource managers in the Murray-Darling Basin including dams, locks, weirs, barrages, fishways, channels and levee banks and explores the positive and negative effects of river regulation. It includes a teacher PowerPoint presentation, separate teacher notes ...

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Classroom Antarctica: Heard and McDonald Islands

This is a learning sequence that investigates questions related to the protection of significant landscapes such as sub-Antarctic islands. Students are guided to explore the climate, landforms, vegetation and wildlife of Heard Island. Through comparing two sub-Antarctic islands students gain an understanding of why these ...

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Can coral reefs survive?

Coral reefs are one of the world's most diverse ecosystems and they're often called the 'rainforests of the oceans'. Find out where the world's coral reefs are concentrated and why they are so important for marine life, the coastal environment and people. Also discover some of the threats to coral reefs around the world.

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Fixing a scarred landscape

Is soil our most important natural resource? Erosive scars in many parts of Australia's agricultural landscape suggest we should be doing more to protect this asset. Meet Peter Andrews, a soil advocate. Peter's approach to landscape management might be unconventional, but it appears to be gaining support.

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Make no bones about ocean acidification

Extra carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is posing a real problem for the world's oceans. It's leading to ocean acidification and coral reefs are the big losers. See how acidification of the water leads to less calcium carbonate, a vital ingredient corals use to build their skeleton. Watch this clip to find out more.

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Severe erosion in the Upper Murray River

Farmers along Victoria's Upper Murray claim that soil erosion on their properties is being caused by water released from the Snowy Mountains Scheme, a hydro-electricity project located in the Southern Alps. This clip from 2013 investigates the degradation occurring in an area where prime agricultural land is valued at 10,000 ...