Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Causes, impacts and responses to a geomorphological hazard (ACHGK053)

Elaborations
  • investigating the natural causes and spatial distribution of a geomorphological hazard (for example, volcanic eruption, earthquake, tsunami, landslide, avalanche)
  • discussing the extent to which human alteration of environments has contributed to the occurrence of the geomorphological hazard
  • describing how the effects caused by geomorphological hazards are influenced by social, cultural and economic factors (for example, where people choose to live, poverty, and lack of infrastructure and resources to prepare and respond)
  • researching how the application of principles of prevention, mitigation and preparedness minimises the harmful effects of geomorphological hazards or bushfires
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Conservation (Environment),  Natural heritage

Interactive resource

World Wonders TV show: earthquake

Build a script about earthquakes for a television show. Help a researcher to sort facts and pictures. Use a model structure, sample text and images to build an explanation. Include sections on causes, processes and effects. Connect ideas in the script by adding joining words such as 'however' and 'finally'. This learning ...

Interactive Resource

Tsunami: the ultimate guide

This comprehensive web resource provides a series of six interactive slide shows (chapters) that introduce the cause and impacts of tsunami with a focus on Australia, Asia and Pacific regions. Produced by experts in the field, this information is clearly and simply described. The engaging presentation is enriched with photography, ...

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Deep ocean volcanoes

This is a video resource about the discovery of the deepest ocean volcano to date - the West Mata submarine volcano between Samoa, Fiji and Tonga - which is more than 1000 metres beneath the ocean surface. The video features footage of the erupting volcano, with lava believed to be among the hottest on Earth, and shows ...

Teacher resource

Natural disasters

This is a teaching and learning resource containing teacher resources, student activities and worksheets on Earth science topics including natural disasters and geology. The teacher resources include five pages of links to Earth science related websites. The collection of student activities covers a range of topics and ...

Interactive Resource

CFA: bushfire interactive

This is an interactive resource containing a game, interactive simulations, detailed information and links to other useful information on bushfire readiness, including a downloadable fire plan. It consists of three sections - Fire risk, How a fire behaves and Fire safety - covering topics such as fire danger rating, radiant ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See – earthquakes

Resources on the topic of earthquakes to help explore the human and physical dimensions. Links to maps and interactive activities on plate tectonics, with a particular focus on the Caribbean plate, the movement of which caused the devastating earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, and links to news and information about the ...

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Piecing together the puzzle of plate tectonics

In this clip, seismologist Roderick Stewart provides some firsthand information about data that helps us understand volcanic and earthquake activity. Find out the link between tectonic plate theory and seismology's study of the location of earthquakes and volcanoes. See how seismology helps us to understand Earth's structure.

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Earthquakes

This is an online resource about current earthquake activity in Australia and the wider region. The resource provides a map and a satellite image of near real-time earthquake activity in the last seven days. Links on the map provide further details and information about individual earthquake events. The resource also contains ...

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Tracking tsunamis

This is a video resource describing the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) DART (Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis) system and its 47 stations around the world. The video provides information about tsunamis and includes graphic footage of a tsunami causing destruction to a coastal community. ...

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Australian tsunami newsroom guide

This resource is a joint Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) and Geoscience Australia media guide PDF designed to assist the media to communicate tsunami warnings to the Australian public. The resource explains the role of the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (JATWC) operated by Geoscience Australia and the Bureau. The resource ...

Teacher resource

CFA Bushfires - a geography resource for Australian students

This is an illustrated PDF with comprehensive information about the causes and behaviours of bushfire as well as the impact fires have on natural and human environments. Taking a geographic perspective, the text is supported with photographs, maps, aerial photography, diagrams, and tables. Each chapter includes activities ...

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Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre

This resource is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page that provides warnings to the Australian community of tsunami threats to Australia's coastline and offshore territories. These warnings are issued by the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (JATWC) operated by Geoscience Australia and the Bureau. The resource shows ...

Teacher resource

Tsunami lesson plan resources

This is a comprehensive website about Tsunamis. Topics include: what is a tsunami, how tsunamis occur, the impact they have on the environment and people; developments in warning systems; and how to prepare in the event of a tsunami. Resource sections include: Key learning areas; Objectives; Get the facts, with six lesson ...

Teacher resource

Disaster preparedness

This is a compilation of four teaching sequences about disasters and disaster preparation. It includes sections on types of disasters; their effects on people and the environment; disaster preparation; earthquake preparedness in Indonesia; emergency response; disaster recovery and the causes and consequences of disasters. ...

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Surviving the extremes

What would you do if a natural disaster was heading for you? Would you panic? Dr Jonica Newby and the Catalyst team stage two disaster scenarios and throw them at two Australian families who know only that a disaster of some kind is coming. How will they cope? And how would you?

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About tsunami warnings

This resource is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page describing the system of warnings of tsunami threats to Australia's coastline and offshore territories. The resource explains the role of the Australian Tsunami Warning System (ATWS) project, and the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (JATWC) operated by Geoscience ...

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Bushfires affect river water

Bushfires have a serious impact on forests, but how might they affect the water supply in a major river system? Watch this 2008 clip to find out why bushfires are likely to result in much less water downstream in the Murray-Darling river system. Discover why this is only going to get worse in the future, and learn about ...

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What is a volcano?

This is an online resource about volcanoes that provides important information about what a volcano is, describes the three most common volcanoes and explains hazards caused by volcanic eruptions. Links in the right-hand menu provide additional volcano-related resources including publications, a volcano library catalogue ...

Interactive Resource

QuakeFeed earthquake map

This is a rich interactive iPad app resource providing recent information about earthquakes around the world. The resource presents a world map showing countries, oceans, earthquake tectonic-plate lines and recent earthquake activity from the past week measuring above 2.5 in magnitude. Tools are provided to access further ...

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Sleeping giant awakens on Montserrat

The small Caribbean island of Montserrat is home to a volcano that lay dormant for over 300 years until it erupted in 1995. See how years of volcanic activity on the island has changed the landscape. Find out about pyroclastic flows and how dome volcanoes form.