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Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Causes, impacts and responses to a geomorphological hazard (ACHGK053)

Elaborations
  • investigating the natural causes and spatial distribution of a geomorphological hazard (for example, volcanic eruption, earthquake, tsunami, landslide, avalanche)
  • discussing the extent to which human alteration of environments has contributed to the occurrence of the geomorphological hazard
  • describing how the effects caused by geomorphological hazards are influenced by social, cultural and economic factors (for example, where people choose to live, poverty, and lack of infrastructure and resources to prepare and respond)
  • researching how the application of principles of prevention, mitigation and preparedness minimises the harmful effects of geomorphological hazards or bushfires
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Conservation (Environment),  Natural heritage

Video

Sleeping giant awakens on Montserrat

The small Caribbean island of Montserrat is home to a volcano that lay dormant for over 300 years until it erupted in 1995. See how years of volcanic activity on the island has changed the landscape. Find out about pyroclastic flows and how dome volcanoes form.

Video

Landslides along the Three Gorges Dam

The world's largest dam project is set to bring enormous benefits to the Chinese economy. But there's a potential side-effect of altering the natural system - the likelihood that more geological disasters such as landslides will occur in the area. Find out why in this clip from 2008.

Video

Threats to coral reefs: what are they?

Coral reefs are in trouble. Though important ecologically and vital for local communities, they're facing a range of serious threats. Listen to a panel of scientific and community experts discussing the human and natural factors that stress coral reefs around the world. Find out the recipe for how to kill a reef. Then learn ...

Online

Disaster preparedness

This is a compilation of four teaching sequences about disasters and disaster preparation. It includes sections on types of disasters; their effects on people and the environment; disaster preparation; earthquake preparedness in Indonesia; emergency response; disaster recovery and the causes and consequences of disasters. ...

Online

Natural disasters

This is a teaching and learning resource containing teacher resources, student activities and worksheets on Earth science topics including natural disasters and geology. The teacher resources include five pages of links to Earth science related websites. The collection of student activities covers a range of topics and ...

Interactive

FAO forestry: app for iPad

This is an iPhone app that provides information and facts relating to the world's forests. It includes photos, videos, an interactive map showing world forest data, and links to related publications. The app has a number of separate topic headings including Communities and livelihoods, Forest and energy, Climate change, ...

Online

Tsunami lesson plan resources

The tsunami lesson plan provides teachers and students, especially in remote coastal areas, with an opportunity to investigate how tsunami happen and how to stay safe if a tsunami occurs. The downloadable PDF includes lesson plans. student assignments based on case studies, as well as background information on tsunamis, ...

Video

Surviving the extremes

What would you do if a natural disaster was heading for you? Would you panic? Dr Jonica Newby and the Catalyst team stage two disaster scenarios and throw them at two Australian families who know only that a disaster of some kind is coming. How will they cope? And how would you?

Video

CFA House bushfire self assessment tool

This is an internet-based presentation designed to educate users about the behaviour of bushfires and the steps required to prepare for and defend property in the event of a bushfire. Simple navigation buttons guide the user through sequenced information presented as text, images and diagrams, animations, checklists and ...

Text

Risk and impact analysis

This is an online resource about risk and impact analysis for geoscience hazards such as bushfire, cyclone, earthquake and severe weather conditions. It contains five sections: What is risk? What is exposure? What is vulnerability? How can we use risk models? and Difference between hazard and risk. Each section provides ...

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What is a volcano?

This is an online resource about volcanoes that provides important information about what a volcano is, describes the three most common volcanoes and explains hazards caused by volcanic eruptions. Links in the right-hand menu provide additional volcano-related resources including publications, a volcano library catalogue ...

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What causes volcanoes?

This is an online resource about the causes of volcanoes, part of a larger resource about volcanoes. It includes sections on the Earth's tectonic plate margins spreading, the Earth's tectonic plate margins subducting, and predicting volcanic eruptions. The image at the top of the screen illustrates the inside workings of ...

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What is a landslide?

This is an online resource about landslides that is part of a larger resource titled Landslide, and contains two main sections. The first section includes a description of a landslide, a description of various landslide processes and definitions of specific landslide terms. The second section is located on the right-hand ...

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Where do landslides occur?

This is an online resource about where landslides occur that contains two main sections. The first section, Where do landslides occur?, provides information about the types of landscapes that are prone to landslides, and landslide locations within Australia. The second section is located on the right-hand side of the screen ...

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What is a cyclone?

This is an online resource about cyclones that provides a definition of a cyclone and information about winds, rainfall and storm surges during a cyclone. Links in the right-hand menu provide additional useful cyclone-related resources including weather and cyclone applications, publications and other related websites. ...

Video

A river that gives and takes

On the floodplains of Bangladesh, farmers know a thing or two about change. Soil and nutrients delivered by mighty rivers such as the Ganges during one flood might be stripped away without warning by the next. See how one person's loss might be another person's gain.

Video

What is El Nino?

The Bureau of Meteorology has just announced that Australia has now moved from a La Niña weather pattern, to an El Niño weather pattern. But what does that mean? And what impact could it have on Australian farmers? Let's find out!

Video

Bushfires affect river water

Bushfires have a serious impact on forests, but how might they affect the water supply in a major river system? Watch this 2008 clip to find out why bushfires are likely to result in much less water downstream in the Murray-Darling river system. Discover why this is only going to get worse in the future, and learn about ...

Interactive

Images of Change - iTunes app

Features images showing the changing landscapes of landforms and urban areas over time such as water ways, and cities. Satellite images of a range of landscapes can be selected from a range of categories such as extreme events, water and human impact. Images showing this landscape in the past and in recent times can be ...

Interactive

EnviroNorth: burning issues

This is an interactive multilayered website about fire and land management in Australia's tropical savannas. Roleplaying the job of park manager, students navigate through sections on Indigenous land management, fire safety awareness, the impact of fire on flora and fauna, and statistical information on the scale and frequency ...