Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 2: Changing nations

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Curriculum content descriptions

Causes and consequences of urbanisation, drawing on a study from Indonesia, or another country of the Asia region (ACHGK054)

Elaborations
  • discussing urbanisation as a shift in where, how and why people live where they do
  • exploring the connections between urbanisation and economic and social opportunities
  • examining how urbanisation can positively or negatively affect environmental quality (for example, carbon emissions and water consumption)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Human impact,  Urbanisation,  Industries,  North America

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Urbanisation and human wellbeing

This is an online resource looking at Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, as an example of a megacity. It considers change and growth in Jakarta, reasons for urbanisation and examines some of the problems facing megacities such as inequality of wealth, as well as those specific to Jakarta, particularly its vulnerability ...

Teacher resource

Poverty and urbanisation

This is a compilation of five teaching sequences about patterns of urbanisation around the world. It includes sections on poverty and wealth and how this affects where people live, correlations between the wealth of countries and urbanisation, living conditions in a range of urban locations, and the issues that impact on ...

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Where do we build next?

Like many Australian cities, Melbourne has been growing rapidly. This clip from 2012 investigates debates about where Melbourne's urban growth should occur. While inner city areas are slowly being redeveloped, the outer suburbs continue to sprawl and their residents battle some serious issues.

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

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The different faces of Indonesia

Journey through Indonesia, our most populous neighbour - a nation of contradictions. Through the images in this clip, discover more about the people and the land, including population size, living conditions, education, internal migration, natural disasters, land management and international aid. How does Indonesia differ ...

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World population explosion, 1996

The growth of the world's population and the pressure this places on resources and the environment is a highly debated topic. Watch this clip from 1996 to find out about the trends and concerns associated with population growth at that time, and consider how perspectives and patterns may differ today.

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Urbanisation

This is a video resource about urbanisation in which Hans Rosling gives a brief overview of the trends over 40 years and the challenge of avoiding development of slums as more people move from rural areas to cities. The video uses a scatter plot for about 200 countries showing the percentage of the population living in ...

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We live in a diverse world: Indonesia

This is an online resource providing an overview of Indonesia including geography, people, history, economy and living conditions, as well as looking at the problem of inequality. It highlights the interconnections between Australia and Indonesia, explaining how the Australian Government and Non-Government Organisations ...

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Bali: tourism and development

Bali, a world-renowned slice of paradise in Indonesia, is undergoing rapid development to accommodate the increase in foreign tourism. Tourism brings money but it also drives up prices and affects the environment. View this clip to explore the issues experienced by those living in paradise.

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China's internal migration

For decades China has experienced a mass migration of people from rural to urban areas. This large-scale movement of people is putting pressure on the resources and facilities of cities such as Shanghai. Watch this clip, first broadcast in 1993, to find out the reasons for China's internal migration and the challenges it ...

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Earthshots: satellite images of environmental change - Beijing, China

This resource is a series of satellite images of Beijing showing changes from 1977 to 2011 accompanied by a text explanation including a recent history of the development of Beijing. The text describes visible features such as the Inner City, the Forbidden City (Imperial Palace Museum), the Temple of Heaven, one of three ...

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Damming the Yangtze

See the world's largest dam - China's Three Gorges Dam - which provides hydroelectric power. Learn about some of its benefits, and, as you watch this clip from 2008, consider these benefits against the social cost of displacing local communities.

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Fast-tracking access to water and sanitation

A basic necessity of every citizen is access to water and sanitation (toilet and washing facilities). Meet a group of people from Lingarajapuram, Bangalore who took matters into their own hands to get these basic necessities for their community. See how Mythri, an NGO (non-government organisation), partnered with the community ...

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Self-help housing in Bangalore

Is it possible to break the cycle of poverty? The Sunnadagudu community in Bangalore, India believe so. With a little outside help from an NGO (non-government organisation), they're converting their shacks into houses. Find out how this project is not only putting a permanent roof over their heads but is creating a range ...

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City bound

China is experiencing rapid urbanisation. Rural workers are on the move, searching for new opportunities in China's largest cities. This process is fuelling China's economic growth and improving the wellbeing of its citizens. But is the rate of change too fast? Are there pitfalls on the road to prosperity?

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Slums: a picture tells a thousand words

Slums aren't often considered to be the most picturesque locations, but this clip proves that Jakarta's slums can be an important subject for photography. Children who live in the slums are being encouraged to tell their story through photos. Could the power of the lens open up new opportunities for these youngsters?

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Bangalore's haves and have-nots

An inspection of Bangalore's newest apartment blocks would leave anyone impressed. But there's another side to life in this city that needs to be seen. Take a walk through the city's shanty towns and it will quickly become apparent why one child dies in India's slums every 15 seconds.

Interactive Resource

Urban areas - SpatialGenie map layer

This is a world map, showing areas of dense human habitation. Students use the spatial visualisation tool, SpatialGenie, to explore this map as spatial data. They can investigate this map alone or add other map layers. Students use shape tools to measure area and distance, and they can also search for images. Using SpatialGenie, ...

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Farms and people’s connections to them: producer video

This is a video about the operation of the Outback Pride project and the value of the Australian native food produced in conjunction with Aboriginal peoples. To a visual background of the nursery at Reedy Creek in South Australia and some of 25 Aboriginal communities involved in the project in SA and Northern Territory, ...

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International year of natural fibres

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

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Twelve canoes: seasons

This is a rich resource about the seasons of the Yolngu people of north-east Arnhem Land. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller describing some of the different seasons and what happens in those seasons. He explains that the seasons are not about the passing of time, but about how different things ...

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Soils: a hidden resource

This is a video about the importance of soil, its role in global food security and the requirements for its sustainable management. Describing soil as a natural resource slow to develop but quickly destroyed, the video points out the increasing demands being placed on soil to feed the world's rising population and the threats ...

Teacher resource

A geographical focus on 'Choose your own statistics'

This teaching resource demonstrates ways in which real data can used to support geographical enquiry. It is based on the interactive learning resource Choose your own statistics, where data is presented in the form of infographics, graphical representations and data tables. It also includes supporting information on each ...

Teacher resource

National study guides: Sustainability and Food security- Years 7-10

This is a website containing a range of study guides on sustainability in food production and food security, they include: Water: our most precious resource; Biodiversity: protecting the environment; Greener farming: protecting the environment; Animal health: the science of healthy animals: and Food for the future: Farming ...

Interactive Resource

The virtual farm visit

This is an interactive learning resource about three farms in Australia, the people who farm them, how they go about it and the challenges they face. At the heart of the resource are 60 short videos narrated by the farmers themselves. Almost all the videos have an accompanying fact sheet and one also has a case study. They ...

Teacher resource

Migrants Enriching Australia

This is a rich collection of stories that focuses on the life experiences of two individuals, one of Greek heritage and one of Polish heritage, who immigrated and settled in Victoria post World War II. The resource explores how these people shared their cultural heritage and how this enriched Australian life at this time. ...

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My Asian region

This is a web page produced by the Asia Education Foundation featuring a series of videos of Australians talking about how their engagement with the Asian region has influenced their working and personal lives, providing them with unique intercultural skills. Topics include broadcasting, sport, law enforcement, health and ...