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Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 2: Changing nations

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Causes and consequences of urbanisation, drawing on a study from Indonesia, or another country of the Asia region (ACHGK054)

Elaborations
  • discussing urbanisation as a shift in where, how and why people live where they do
  • exploring the connections between urbanisation and economic and social opportunities
  • examining how urbanisation can positively or negatively affect environmental quality (for example, carbon emissions and water consumption)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Human impact,  Urbanisation,  Industries,  North America

Video

Bangalore's haves and have-nots

An inspection of Bangalore's newest apartment blocks would leave anyone impressed. But there's another side to life in this city that needs to be seen. Take a walk through the city's shanty towns and it will quickly become apparent why one child dies in India's slums every 15 seconds.

Video

City bound

China is experiencing rapid urbanisation. Rural workers are on the move, searching for new opportunities in China's largest cities. This process is fuelling China's economic growth and improving the wellbeing of its citizens. But is the rate of change too fast? Are there pitfalls on the road to prosperity?

Video

Self-help housing in Bangalore

Is it possible to break the cycle of poverty? The Sunnadagudu community in Bangalore, India believe so. With a little outside help from an NGO (non-government organisation), they're converting their shacks into houses. Find out how this project is not only putting a permanent roof over their heads but is creating a range ...

Audio

Slums: a picture tells a thousand words

Slums aren't often considered to be the most picturesque locations, but this clip proves that Jakarta's slums can be an important subject for photography. Children who live in the slums are being encouraged to tell their story through photos. Could the power of the lens open up new opportunities for these youngsters?

Video

World population explosion, 1996

The growth of the world's population and the pressure this places on resources and the environment is a highly debated topic. Watch this clip from 1996 to find out about the trends and concerns associated with population growth at that time, and consider how perspectives and patterns may differ today.

Video

China's internal migration

For decades China has experienced a mass migration of people from rural to urban areas. This large-scale movement of people is putting pressure on the resources and facilities of cities such as Shanghai. Watch this clip, first broadcast in 1993, to find out the reasons for China's internal migration and the challenges it ...

Online

Poverty and urbanisation

This is a compilation of five teaching sequences about patterns of urbanisation around the world. It includes sections on poverty and wealth and how this affects where people live, correlations between the wealth of countries and urbanisation, living conditions in a range of urban locations, and the issues that impact on ...

Video

Bali: tourism and development

Bali, a world-renowned slice of paradise in Indonesia, is undergoing rapid development to accommodate the increase in foreign tourism. Tourism brings money but it also drives up prices and affects the environment. View this clip to explore the issues experienced by those living in paradise.

Video

Damming the Yangtze

See the world's largest dam - China's Three Gorges Dam - which provides hydroelectric power. Learn about some of its benefits, and, as you watch this clip from 2008, consider these benefits against the social cost of displacing local communities.

Online

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

Image

Earthshots: satellite images of environmental change - Beijing, China

This resource is a series of satellite images of Beijing showing changes from 1977 to 2011 accompanied by a text explanation including a recent history of the development of Beijing. The text describes visible features such as the Inner City, the Forbidden City (Imperial Palace Museum), the Temple of Heaven, one of three ...

Video

Where do we build next?

Like many Australian cities, Melbourne has been growing rapidly. This clip from 2012 investigates debates about where Melbourne's urban growth should occur. While inner city areas are slowly being redeveloped, the outer suburbs continue to sprawl and their residents battle some serious issues.

Text

Urbanisation and human wellbeing

This is an online resource looking at Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, as an example of a megacity. It considers change and growth in Jakarta, reasons for urbanisation and examines some of the problems facing megacities such as inequality of wealth, as well as those specific to Jakarta, particularly its vulnerability ...

Video

The different faces of Indonesia

Journey through Indonesia, our most populous neighbour - a nation of contradictions. Through the images in this clip, discover more about the people and the land, including population size, living conditions, education, internal migration, natural disasters, land management and international aid. How does Indonesia differ ...

Text

We live in a diverse world: Indonesia

This is an online resource providing an overview of Indonesia including geography, people, history, economy and living conditions, as well as looking at the problem of inequality. It highlights the interconnections between Australia and Indonesia, explaining how the Australian Government and Non-Government Organisations ...

Video

What's the highest mountain you've climbed?

Sherpas have been an integral part of the successful attempts to climb Mount Everest, in the Himalayas. Come on a journey with Keith Adams as he takes us into the Sherpa village of Namche Bazaar. This clip from 1980 demonstrates how the wellbeing of the Sherpas has always been underpinned by their ability to survive in ...

Video

Maasai fighting drought

It was considered the worst drought on record. This news report from 2000 shows how Kenya's semi-nomadic herders, the Maasai, responded to a particularly long drought. In addition to compromising their wellbeing, the drought began to alter the fabric of Maasai society.

Video

Trekking in Nepal? Sherpas, please!

If you think about trekking in the Himalayas, you'll probably be imagining climbers struggling up huge mountains, with Sherpas accompanying them. This 1980 clip begins in the Sherpa settlement of Namche Bazaar. Find out how Sherpas help both tourists and mountain climbers who trek through difficult terrain. How has contact ...

Video

Reducing landfill waste

Australians produce large volumes of waste and much of it goes to landfill, the oldest form of waste management. South Australia introduced a waste levy in an effort to manage landfill waste. Watch this clip to find out the effect of this levy on waste disposal and on a local landfill site.

Video

Artificial reefs: developing new farms

Discover a new type of fish farming. The Western Australian Government is building two prototype reefs to demonstrate how artificial reefs can be friendly to the environment and increase fish numbers. Watch as Brad Adams, an abalone farmer, shows you his experimental reefs. See how successful he is at sourcing his abalone ...