Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 2: Changing nations

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Differences in urban concentration and urban settlement patterns between Australia and the United States of America, and their causes and consequences (ACHGK055)

Elaborations
  • researching the causes of urban concentration in Australia and the United States of America (for example, the history of European settlement, migration, the export orientation of the economy, the centralisation of state governments, environmental constraints and the shape of transportation networks)
  • investigating the relationship between population density and proximity to urban centres
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Urbanisation,  Australia,  Population density (Society),  Urban areas,  Regional development

Video

Planning future cities

Could your mobile phone help town planners design better cities? Data collected from our day-to-day interactions can now be collated and used to make our cities both more efficient and better places to live. See how it all works.

Interactive

LocationSA map viewer

This is an interactive website providing a detailed source of geographic information about the state of South Australia in text and map form, and an interactive tool enabling the user to generate resources and to apply geographic conceptual thinking. It contains a directory of maps at both state and regional levels depicting ...

Interactive

Laptop wrap – urban growth and decline

A page with a focus on urban growth and decline as an issue in Australian environments with supporting activities and links to resources. Central to the resource is a case study of urban change in Pyrmont in Sydney.

Online

A geographical focus on 'Choose your own statistics'

This teaching resource demonstrates ways in which real data can used to support geographical enquiry. It is based on the interactive learning resource Choose your own statistics, where data is presented in the form of infographics, graphical representations and data tables. It also includes supporting information on each ...

Video

Bangalore's haves and have-nots

An inspection of Bangalore's newest apartment blocks would leave anyone impressed. But there's another side to life in this city that needs to be seen. Take a walk through the city's shanty towns and it will quickly become apparent why one child dies in India's slums every 15 seconds.

Video

City bound

China is experiencing rapid urbanisation. Rural workers are on the move, searching for new opportunities in China's largest cities. This process is fuelling China's economic growth and improving the wellbeing of its citizens. But is the rate of change too fast? Are there pitfalls on the road to prosperity?

Video

Self-help housing in Bangalore

Is it possible to break the cycle of poverty? The Sunnadagudu community in Bangalore, India believe so. With a little outside help from an NGO (non-government organisation), they're converting their shacks into houses. Find out how this project is not only putting a permanent roof over their heads but is creating a range ...

Video

Rescuing the past in Farina

The Australian outback is dotted with ghost towns and forgotten settlements. But Farina in South Australia is different to most. Here, volunteers return on a regular basis to help keep Farina on the map. Watch this clip to find out more about the special connections that people have to this place and reasons for the town's demise.

Video

Are you connected to the bush?

Are those of us living in cities and towns in danger of losing our connection to the natural environment? In suburban Adelaide, some individuals and groups think so. They're taking action to create habitats and attract wildlife back to the city. What effect might this have on the urban environment and the people who live in it?

Image

Earthshots: satellite images of environmental change - Singapore

This resource is a series of satellite images of Singapore showing changes from 1973 to 2009 accompanied by a text explanation and a brief history of Singapore from British colonisation in 1819. The images and text together chart changes over time such as the destruction of the original tropical rainforest apart from small ...

Interactive

What house is that?

This is an interactive streetscape of nine houses, each from a different era and of different styles. They represent the nine main housing styles in Victoria. Information about each of the houses includes: features and style; the Architect; designers; historical observations; house owners; and general social history of ...

Text

Victorian Heritage Database

This is a rich, interactive resource that lists Victoria’s most significant heritage: places, objects, shipwrecks and archaeological sites. It has four main sections: Introduction; Explore heritage map; Recommended tours; and Timeline browser. The Explore heritage map searches for sites and provides information and images ...

Audio

Slums: a picture tells a thousand words

Slums aren't often considered to be the most picturesque locations, but this clip proves that Jakarta's slums can be an important subject for photography. Children who live in the slums are being encouraged to tell their story through photos. Could the power of the lens open up new opportunities for these youngsters?

Video

World population explosion, 1996

The growth of the world's population and the pressure this places on resources and the environment is a highly debated topic. Watch this clip from 1996 to find out about the trends and concerns associated with population growth at that time, and consider how perspectives and patterns may differ today.

Audio

Hidden cost of migrating to the city

Urbanisation is fuelling China's strong economic growth. With millions of people migrating away from rural areas, the nation's cities are expanding rapidly, in some cases at the expense of farmland. At what point will China's urbanisation threaten its food security?

Video

China's internal migration

For decades China has experienced a mass migration of people from rural to urban areas. This large-scale movement of people is putting pressure on the resources and facilities of cities such as Shanghai. Watch this clip, first broadcast in 1993, to find out the reasons for China's internal migration and the challenges it ...

Interactive

Laptop wrap – improving liveability

A page with a focus on using geographical data to plan for future community needs, with supporting activities and links to resources.

Interactive

Environmental and Zoo Education Centres – high school resources

A collection of geography and science resources for high school teachers and students to support teaching and learning from home. The resources were developed by Department of Education teachers from 25 Environmental and Zoo Education Centres in NSW and include Google Sites, programs and activities.

Online

Poverty and urbanisation

This is a compilation of five teaching sequences about patterns of urbanisation around the world. It includes sections on poverty and wealth and how this affects where people live, correlations between the wealth of countries and urbanisation, living conditions in a range of urban locations, and the issues that impact on ...

Text

Case studies in urban design

This is a rich, multilayered resource that presents six case studies demonstrating the 12 principles of the Urban design protocol designed for Australian cities. The case studies include: a mixed use precinct in Darling Harbour; regeneration plans for Parramatta; reservoir gardens in Paddington; a youth activities area ...