Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 2: Changing nations

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Management and planning of Australia’s urban future (ACHGK059)

Elaborations
  • examining the forecasts for the size of Australia’s major cities and regional urban centres, and discussing the implications for their environmental sustainability and liveability
  • investigating ways of managing the projected growth of Australia’s cities and regional urban centres
  • exploring the arguments for and against a more balanced distribution of the urban population
  • generating ideas on how to decentralise Australias urban population using Canberra as an example
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Population dynamics,  Australia,  Urban planning

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Where do we build next?

Like many Australian cities, Melbourne has been growing rapidly. This clip from 2012 investigates debates about where Melbourne's urban growth should occur. While inner city areas are slowly being redeveloped, the outer suburbs continue to sprawl and their residents battle some serious issues.

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap – urban growth and decline

A page with a focus on urban growth and decline as an issue in Australian environments with supporting activities and links to resources. Central to the resource is a case study of urban change in Pyrmont in Sydney.

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Case studies in urban design

This is a rich, multilayered resource that presents six case studies demonstrating the 12 principles of the Urban design protocol designed for Australian cities. The case studies include: a mixed use precinct in Darling Harbour; regeneration plans for Parramatta; reservoir gardens in Paddington; a youth activities area ...

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Design principles about place: productivity and sustainability

This is a multilayered resource that presents the 12 design principles of the Urban design protocol for Australian cities. The principles are presented in three sections and link to important information about the attributes of each of the principles. The principles about place are enhancing, connected, diverse and enduring ...

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Does Australia's prosperity depend on immigration?

Australia's declining birth rates seem to be threatening its ability to remain economically competitive. What can be done about this? One approach is to increase Australia's population through immigration. Find out about key changes in Australia's population over time. Also discover some of the different views about the ...

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Population pressures in coastal towns

Stunning beaches and tourist-filled coastal towns are some of Australia's most important assets. But how do seasonal fluctuations in population affect these coastal communities? This clip focuses on a new push by the National Sea Change Taskforce to have visitor numbers properly counted in the next census, so that development ...

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Planning for growth in Sydney

Sydney is already Australia's largest city but the outlook is for an increasing population and continuous growth. Looking toward the planning horizon of 2031, a recent government plan has pleased some sections of the community, but it is not without its critics. In this clip from March 2013, see how the state government ...

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If you build it, they will come

It's been 'all systems go' in the Northern Territory, with a range of new development projects springing up. In this clip from 2013, see Territorians coming up with novel solutions to the age-old problem of housing. Could a shortage of affordable housing derail the good economic times?

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Are you connected to the bush?

Are those of us living in cities and towns in danger of losing our connection to the natural environment? In suburban Adelaide, some individuals and groups think so. They're taking action to create habitats and attract wildlife back to the city. What effect might this have on the urban environment and the people who live in it?

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Planning future cities

Could your mobile phone help town planners design better cities? Data collected from our day-to-day interactions can now be collated and used to make our cities both more efficient and better places to live. See how it all works.

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What is urban design?

This is a multilayered resource about urban design in Australia. The resource includes: an explanation of what urban design is; the elements of urban design; definitions of terms commonly used in urban design in the Australian context; links to information about the principles of the Urban design protocol for Australian ...

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Protocol framework for urban design

This is a rich resource about the Urban design protocol for Australian cities. The resource describes the protocol, including the aims, the five pillars on which it is founded, and how the protocol relates to the National urban policy goals and objectives of productivity, sustainability, liveability and governance. The ...

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A smarter future car

Over about 125 years the automobile has only experienced minor changes, but now our cramped and clogged cities demand a smarter car. In this clip from 2010, see how the automobile is being adapted to make our cities more efficient.

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Renovate or detonate?

In this clip from 1992, we meet a group of architects pushing for Sydney to improve its liveability. But we also hear from a developer who might have a different idea about what should lie at the heart of the city. A key point of conflict emerges over what to do with Sydney's older buildings.

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Improving the energy efficiency of fibro homes

In the 1950s, 'fibro' homes prevented a looming housing crisis triggered by Australia's post-war baby boom and a spike in immigration. Millions of them remain in our suburbs, but energy-efficiency is not their strong point. In this clip, see how a team of students have found out how to retrofit these homes to revolutionise ...

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Light rail plan for western Sydney

Long lines of cars, frustrated drivers in peak traffic: familiar? As the population of Australia's major cities continues to rise and spread outwards, increased strain is placed on existing infrastructure such as roads. People often look to government to fix urban problems. Could a light rail system solve Sydney's western ...

Teacher resource

A geographical focus on 'Choose your own statistics'

This teaching resource demonstrates ways in which real data can used to support geographical enquiry. It is based on the interactive learning resource Choose your own statistics, where data is presented in the form of infographics, graphical representations and data tables. It also includes supporting information on each ...

Teacher resource

Poverty and urbanisation

This is a compilation of five teaching sequences about patterns of urbanisation around the world. It includes sections on poverty and wealth and how this affects where people live, correlations between the wealth of countries and urbanisation, living conditions in a range of urban locations, and the issues that impact on ...

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Places we protect

This is a rich, multilayered resource about 35 protected Bush Heritage reserves throughout Australia. The resource includes a map of Australia that displays the locations of the 35 reserves. Each location is linked to important information and images including: quick facts; visiting information; the animals, plants and ...

Teacher resource

Digital stories of Immigration

This is a rich collection of digital stories about people who have immigrated to Victoria. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects that include images, videos, links, information, interviews and transcripts. There are ...

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap – improving liveability

A page with a focus on using geographical data to plan for future community needs, with supporting activities and links to resources.

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Urbanisation

This is a video resource about urbanisation in which Hans Rosling gives a brief overview of the trends over 40 years and the challenge of avoiding development of slums as more people move from rural areas to cities. The video uses a scatter plot for about 200 countries showing the percentage of the population living in ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Reconciliation

This resource is a one-page guide to the people, processes, information and events around reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and other Australians, with links to music, video and digital resources and activities.

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Australians as global citizens

How is Australia connected globally? Watch as presenter Jeremy Fernandez uses a range of data sources to describe Australia's position in the world. From the economy to immigration, this clip shows some of the ways Australia currently connects with the world.

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Palaeogeographic atlas: Australia

This is an online atlas tracing the evolution of the Australian continent from 542 million to 10,000 years ago. It consists of 70 maps able to be viewed individually or in various time sequence slideshows. The maps, superimposed on outlines of Greater Australia, show continental land, coastal and marine areas, rivers, bodies ...

Teacher resource

Urban growth in China

This is an online module consisting of teacher notes, three stimulus resources and student activities that explore the impact of rapid movement of people in China from rural to urban areas. The teacher notes provide background information, additional online resources and pedagogical advice. The stimulus resources consist ...