Geography / Year 9 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Biomes and food security

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Environmental, economic and technological factors that influence crop yields in Australia and across the world (ACHGK062)

Elaborations
  • describing how environmental factors (for example, climate, soil, landform and water), can support higher crop yields and investigating the environmental constraints on agricultural production in Australia (for example, soil moisture, water resources and soils)
  • investigating how high crop yields (for example, from wheat, rice and maize) around the world are related to factors such as irrigation, accessibility, labour supply, landforms and agricultural technologies (for example, high-yielding varieties)
  • evaluating the ways that agricultural innovations have changed some of the environmental limitations on and impacts of food production in Australia
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Crop yields

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

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International year of natural fibres

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

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Food security in Australia

How much food does Australia produce, and what does this mean for food security in Australia? Watch this clip to find out about the factors that influence food production and crop yields, and also about the role that science and technology play. How will future population growth affect global food production and security?

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Marla Spivak: Why bees are disappearing

This is a video of a TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) talk by Professor Marla Spivak about the dramatic decline in the number of bees. The 16-minute video begins with a discussion of why humans should care about bees, including their critical importance for the world's food supply. Professor Spivak explains that ...

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Food production in the Murray-Darling Basin

This thirteen and a half minute video highlights the importance of food and fibre production in the Murray Darling Basin. It explores the perspective of the farm families involved in both irrigated and dryland farming and explains how their products are distributed to local, national and global markets. This video also ...

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Water management for poverty reduction

This is a three-minute animated video about the difference that access to motor pumps for irrigation can make to poor farming families' food security and livelihood. It aims to persuade viewers that irrigation technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa are a worthy investment. The video sets the scene by illustrating the importance ...

Teacher resource

Control: far afield - lesson plan

This is a plan for a lesson that encourages discussion about human alteration of plants, the importance of agricultural biodiversity, the problems associated with monoculture and the different approaches to pest control including the use of genetic engineering in food production. Topics include the origin and development ...

Teacher resource

Sustainable agriculture

This is a rich multimedia professional learning module for primary and secondary teachers about how sustainable farming can enhance food production and manage natural resources for sustainability. It focuses on four main activities: defining sustainable agriculture; representing its holistic nature; analysing four case ...

Teacher resource

The power of food

This is a compilation of three teaching sequences about food security. It includes sections on countries and their levels of food security and insecurity, hunger worldwide, programs working to improve food security, and approaches to food security. It introduces this important global issue and provides source material, ...

Teacher resource

The future of food

Producing enough food to sustain the Earth's population is becoming more of a challenge. As environmental constraints keep tightening, technological innovation may be the answer to future food security. Compare the status of food production and food security in Australia with that of developing nations. Consider some claims ...

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CSIRO: Bee sensors take flight to help farmers

This is a CSIRO video of just under 4 minutes, with subtitles and full transcript, that shows the importance of the relationship between bees and flowering crop plants and how a worldwide crash in bee numbers caused by disease or predators can have an impact on world food production and food security. This resource describes ...

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Cotton Education Kit

This richly illustrated kit provides a range of information and data about the Australian cotton industry. Chapters provide background on the modern industry; sustainability; the history of cotton in Australia; the cotton plant; how cotton is grown; the business of cotton farming; cotton processing, cotton as a economic ...

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CSIRO: protecting cereals from cold and drought

This is 2-page CSIRO information sheet that describes the difficulty of producing consistent rice yields in Australia as a result of low-temperature sterility and a shortage of irrigation water. Scientists discovered that their strategy of genetic manipulation for improving cold tolerance in rice also resulted in improved ...

Teacher resource

Navigating primary industries into the 21st century

This is a teacher resource containing a sequence of lessons for investigating farming and crop yields in Australia. It contains material to assist planning, implementing and assessing a study of the environmental, economic and technological factors that influence crop yields, and the role of geographical data systems and ...

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What's up, honey bee?

Around the world, honey bee populations are in decline. Discover here that, whilst scientists continue to investigate the causes of this phenomenon, beekeepers are facing a battle to keep their bees alive. Find out how declining bee numbers might threaten the global food supply.

Interactive Resource

ITC sustainability: app for Android

This is an Android app that provides an overview of the sustainability focus and innovative business initiatives of a private Indian company, ITC. It includes information, images, videos, graphs and reports. This app has a range of topics that can be explored from a home page including ITC's social and farm forestry program, ...

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CSIRO: Time tunnel tests climate change crops

This is a CSIRO vodcast of about 4.5 minutes, with full transcript, that describes a research trial where wheat is grown under conditions that simulate the environmental conditions in 2050 following the impact of climate change. Scientists aim to identify the characteristics of wheat plants that will allow them to thrive ...

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Food for thought

Food security, or sufficient access to safe and nutritious food, is of rising global concern. Watch this animated clip to discover the main problems facing food security, and to see some suggestions for solutions that might incorporate strategies like waste management practices and emerging technologies.

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 9 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The four illustrations relate to two units of study in the Australian Curriculum: Geography. Biomes and food security draws on the concepts of environment, place, space and sustainability through ...

Dataset

Sustainable agriculture: agri-environmental indicators

This is a web resource that provides a database of agri-environmental indicators for environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries between 1990 and 2008. The data table can be customised, with options to view by country or by theme: land, energy, air, nutrients, soil, biodiversity, pesticides, water, farm management ...