Geography / Year 9 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Biomes and food security

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Environmental, economic and technological factors that influence crop yields in Australia and across the world (ACHGK062)

Elaborations
  • describing how environmental factors (for example, climate, soil, landform and water), can support higher crop yields and investigating the environmental constraints on agricultural production in Australia (for example, soil moisture, water resources and soils)
  • investigating how high crop yields (for example, from wheat, rice and maize) around the world are related to factors such as irrigation, accessibility, labour supply, landforms and agricultural technologies (for example, high-yielding varieties)
  • evaluating the ways that agricultural innovations have changed some of the environmental limitations on and impacts of food production in Australia
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Crop yields

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

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Discover Natural Fibres Initiative

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

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Food security in Australia

How much food does Australia produce, and what does this mean for food security in Australia? Watch this clip to find out about the factors that influence food production and crop yields, and also about the role that science and technology play. How will future population growth affect global food production and security?

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Food for thought

Food security, or sufficient access to safe and nutritious food, is of rising global concern. Watch this animated clip to discover the main problems facing food security, and to see some suggestions for solutions that might incorporate strategies like waste management practices and emerging technologies.

Teacher resource

The power of food

This is a compilation of three teaching sequences about food security. It includes sections on countries and their levels of food security and insecurity, hunger worldwide, programs working to improve food security, and approaches to food security. It introduces this important global issue and provides source material, ...

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Marla Spivak: Why bees are disappearing

This is a video of a TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) talk by Professor Marla Spivak about the dramatic decline in the number of bees. The 16-minute video begins with a discussion of why humans should care about bees, including their critical importance for the world's food supply. Professor Spivak explains that ...

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Food production in the Murray-Darling Basin

This thirteen and a half minute video highlights the importance of food and fibre production in the Murray Darling Basin. It explores the perspective of the farm families involved in both irrigated and dryland farming and explains how their products are distributed to local, national and global markets. This video also ...

Teacher resource

The future of food

Producing enough food to sustain the Earth's population is becoming more of a challenge. As environmental constraints keep tightening, technological innovation may be the answer to future food security. Compare the status of food production and food security in Australia with that of developing nations. Consider some claims ...

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Cotton Education Kit

This richly illustrated kit provides a range of information and data about the Australian cotton industry. Chapters provide background on the modern industry; sustainability; the history of cotton in Australia; the cotton plant; how cotton is grown; the business of cotton farming; cotton processing, cotton as a economic ...

Interactive Resource

EnviroNorth: outback mobs learning module

This is a multilayered website about the outback. It includes an interactive tool titled Outback Mobs and a unit of work for teachers. The unit of work includes a teaching guide; curriculum links; and a bookshelf listing non-fiction and narrative books about the pastoral industry in northern Australia. The interactive component ...

Dataset

ABS: agricultural resource management practices, Australia, 2011-12

This is a digital resource containing data on various agricultural practices used on Australian farms, and was collected in a 2011-2012 Australian Bureau of Statistics survey. This resource provides information about farming practices including pasture and crop cultivation, livestock and feral animal management, fertiliser ...

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Food shortage: Please, Sir, can I have some more?

Are we headed for food shortages in the future? Many scientists say that food production is becoming a critical issue and that Australia has a part to play in securing food for the world's future. As you watch this clip from 2013, find out how past strategies dealt with the food security issue, and learn about our plans ...

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CSIRO: Bee sensors take flight to help farmers

This is a CSIRO video of just under 4 minutes, with subtitles and full transcript, that shows the importance of the relationship between bees and flowering crop plants and how a worldwide crash in bee numbers caused by disease or predators can have an impact on world food production and food security. This resource describes ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 9 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The four illustrations relate to two units of study in the Australian Curriculum: Geography. Biomes and food security draws on the concepts of environment, place, space and sustainability through ...

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Farms have distinctive features: producer video

This is a video about action for sustainability on the Willalooka Pastoral Company's property in South Australia. Owner Thyne McGregor describes the natural characteristics of the extensive property in terms of its rainfall, soil quality and the Marcollat Watercourse. He tells how the property was originally cleared for ...

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CSIRO: protecting cereals from cold and drought

This is 2-page CSIRO information sheet that describes the difficulty of producing consistent rice yields in Australia as a result of low-temperature sterility and a shortage of irrigation water. Scientists discovered that their strategy of genetic manipulation for improving cold tolerance in rice also resulted in improved ...

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Feeding soils to grow hungry crops

How do today's farmers improve their crop yields? One school of thought is to go high-tech and use agricultural technologies designed to improve efficiencies and yields. See the role that soil condition plays in gaining those high yields.

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Winning the race to feed a growing population

The race is on to produce higher crop-yielding plants that will feed an ever-growing world population. See how scientists at the Plant Accelerator facility are investigating ways of increasing crop production. Some are focusing on conventional plant-breeding techniques while others are using GM (genetic modification) technology.

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CSIRO: Time tunnel tests climate change crops

This is a CSIRO vodcast of about 4.5 minutes, with full transcript, that describes a research trial where wheat is grown under conditions that simulate the environmental conditions in 2050 following the impact of climate change. Scientists aim to identify the characteristics of wheat plants that will allow them to thrive ...

Interactive Resource

FAO forestry: app for iPad

This is an iPhone app that provides information and facts relating to the world's forests. It includes photos, videos, an interactive map showing world forest data, and links to related publications. The app has a number of separate topic headings including Communities and livelihoods, Forest and energy, Climate change, ...