Geography / Year 10 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Environmental change and management

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The application of geographical concepts and methods to the management of the environmental change being investigated (ACHGK074)

  • discussing the influence of people‚Äôs world views on programs for the management of the environmental change being investigated
  • proposing geographical management strategies for the environmental change being investigated (for example, establishing reserves and corridors to preserve biodiversity (a spatial strategy), ecosystem-based management (an environmental strategy), urban planning to reduce energy consumption (a spatial strategy), and addressing underlying as well as immediate causes of environmental change (holistic thinking))
  • comparing strategies in Australia and another country to manage the environmental change being investigated
  • exploring the variety of solutions to similar environmental changes in different places
  • discussing how land management agencies are increasingly working with traditional owners to manage environmental change and challenges
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Environmental management


Coastal ecosystems

This Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) resource about Great Barrier Reef (GBR) coastal ecosystems looks at the 14 coastal ecosystems that provide a range of ecological services to support the Reef. It covers GBR coastal ecosystem loss, the pressures faced by these ecosystems, including population growth ...

Interactive Resource

Water use and efficiency – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on water use and efficiency using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate ...


Climate change

This Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) resource explains how climate change causes ocean acidification, sea level rise and temperature increase and threaten the long-term health of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR). It examines impacts on GBR species and habitats, as well as communities and industries that rely ...

Teacher resource

Climate 4 classrooms

This resource is a teaching and learning website about the large-scale features that determine climate and climate change, and the impact of predicted climate change on different parts of the world. There are 11 topics that are designed to develop students' understanding of the challenges and processes of predicting climate ...

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Global assessment of ecosystems

Have you heard of a global warning system for ecosystems? Watch this clip to find out about a system for assessing all the ecosystems around the world - and what it means for Australia. You will find out about the Murray-Darling Basin and other important Australian ecosystems, as well as the status of the Aral Sea in Central Asia.

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First sign of climate change

This is a video resource describing the rapid loss of summer sea ice in the Arctic, which has warmed at twice the global rate over the last 50 years. The video features footage of the Arctic and some of the wildlife dependent on that environment, and makes effective use of time-lapse animation to show the dramatic reduction ...


Declining water quality

This Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) resource is about the declining water quality of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) due to the impacts of floods, run-off from 35 major catchments, and mining and water barriers such as dams. The resource describes the vulnerability of the GBR ecosystem to increased concentrations ...

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Coral forests of the deep

This is a video resource describing the discovery of deep-sea corals living up to 3000 metres below the surface of the ocean in cold, dark waters. The video shows examples of deep-sea corals and some of the diverse marine animals, including commercial fish stock, that depend on the habitat provided by the corals. The video ...


Remaining impacts from fishing

This resource about the impacts of fishing on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is provided on the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) website. The introduction explains that fishing is the principal extractive use of the Great Barrier Reef targeting a range of species including fish, sharks, crabs and prawns, ...


The Conversation: Biodiversity

This resource contains a series of explanatory articles about biodiversity, its role in ecological conservation, key issues, and new research. It can be used to develop a broad understanding of biodiversity, its importance and impact.

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Predicting harmful algal blooms

This is a video resource about harmful algal blooms (HABs), which appear as 'red tides', releasing toxins that enter the food chain through fish and shellfish, eventually killing larger marine animals such as dolphins and turtles. The video uses animation to show how the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS), consisting ...


Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2014

This is a series of reports produced by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2009 on the status, management and future of the Great Barrier Reef. Produced every five years, the report covers a range of topics including biodiversity, ecosystem resilience and health, heritage ...

Teacher resource

The mountain-pygmy possum: On the edge

In this series of tasks, students identify habitats for the endangered mountain pygmy-possum, and use Geographic Information System (GIS) and geographical techniques to identify preferred survey sites and to estimate population numbers. The resource focuses on the biophysical environment of suitable alpine habitats; students ...

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Threats to coral reefs: what are they?

Coral reefs are in trouble. Though important ecologically and vital for local communities, they're facing a range of serious threats. Listen to a panel of scientific and community experts discussing the human and natural factors that stress coral reefs around the world. Find out the recipe for how to kill a reef. Then learn ...

Teacher resource

Malaria - preventable and treatable?

This is a compilation of three teaching sequences about the symptoms, treatment and preventative measures associated with malaria. It introduces this health issue and provides ideas and activities for classroom use. It uses spatial technologies and other digital resources including an interactive quiz, games, maps, animations ...

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Protecting coral reefs

This is a video resource describing mapping work being carried out by the United States Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) to help conserve coral reef ecosystems, which are very vulnerable to changes in the marine environment. The video shows the team carrying out an underwater survey of fish and habitat in Buck Island Reef ...

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Dams and dolphins on the Mekong?

If the Lao Government's plans are realised, nine hydropower dams will be built across the Mekong River in Laos, and more across its tributaries. The government wants the country to become the 'battery of Asia'. With this dream comes a host of issues. Listen to reasons why the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) suggests hydro-dam ...

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Ellison Reef: has it been saved?

Ellison Reef, part of the Great Barrier Reef, is located off the coast of Mission Beach in North Queensland. In 1981, after years of court battles, the entire Great Barrier Reef became a protected World Heritage Site. But, after three decades of protection, the reef is still dying. What action is required to save one of ...

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Improving the energy efficiency of fibro homes

In the 1950s, 'fibro' homes prevented a looming housing crisis triggered by Australia's post-war baby boom and a spike in immigration. Millions of them remain in our suburbs, but energy-efficiency is not their strong point. In this clip, see how a team of students have found out how to retrofit these homes to revolutionise ...

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Developing geothermal energy in Australia, 2013

Renewable energies like hydro, wind and solar are continuing to replace the more traditional, coal-based energies. Geothermal energy is a type of 'green energy' likely to be an important source of power in Australia's future. In this clip from mid-2013, find out how this technology works. Learn also about its development ...