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History / Year 8 / Historical Skills / Chronology, terms and concepts

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Use historical terms and concepts (ACHHS149)

Elaborations
  • understanding the different meanings of particular terms and concepts when viewed in their historical context, such as feudalism in medieval Europe and Japan
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Word meanings,  Concepts

Video

Show me the evidence: finding proof of the Inca

Do you have a time machine? If not, how can you be certain that your understanding of history is correct? In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers what is known about the Inca Empire. He acknowledges there is much that we can't be sure of. This clip is ...

Interactive

Exploring Kamay

This resource explores the landscape of Kamay Botany Bay, as well as the technology discovered by the crew aboard the HMB Endeavour in 1770. This resource is one part of the 'Endeavour – eight days in Kamay' resource.

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Rebuilding a Shinto shrine

Witness the dedication of the followers of Shinto, Japan's ancient and unique religious tradition. Shinto means 'the way of the spirits', and it grew out of older beliefs that spirits inhabit mountains, forests and other natural places. Watch this clip from 2007 to see a 1,300-year-old Shinto tradition in central Japan.

Video

What's in a name? Book title dilemmas

Authors can agonise over the titles of their novels. Trying to capture the intent of an entire book in just a few words can be tricky! In this clip, learn the story behind the title of JK Rowling's novel 'The Casual Vacancy'.

Video

Describing household chores

There are several different types of verbs. In this video, most of the verbs are transitive verbs, which means they are action verbs with direct objects that receive the action. Identify the transitive verbs and the direct objects in the examples provided in the video.

Video

Alphabet tricks and mysteries

The adventures of the Word Squad detectives, Charlie Syntax and Inspector Lexicon, continue. Ian, the magician, performs a trick with alphabet cards and a singer performs an alphabet song. These clues help the detectives solve the stolen letter mystery. Can they stop the thief in time?

Video

Going into battle for graphic novels

Many readers love comic books and graphic novels. According to the four graphic novelists in this discussion, not everybody shares this enthusiasm! As you listen to their discussion, consider how the language we use in everyday conversations can work to judge and even disempower others. This clip is one in a series of four.

Video

Shoguns rule Japan with iron fists

Who were the shoguns and how did they rule Japan? In Japanese history, the time from about 1600 to 1868 is called the Edo period. In 1600, after centuries of wars, Japan came under the control of shoguns from the Tokugawa clan. They continued to rule until 1868, when they were overthrown. View this clip to discover how ...

Video

Understanding Aboriginal English

Australian English has evolved to adopt terms from Aboriginal languages, some of which are widely used. 'Yakka' and 'bung' are two examples. Can you think of some more? Aboriginal communities have likewise adopted English terms, like 'deadly' but with different meanings, creating 'Aboriginal English'. Can you think of some ...

Video

Could you make a unicorn by crossing DNA?

Good question! Find out whether this is possible by watching as biologist at MIT, Dr Sera Thornton explains. What is a genome? And why do genomes need to be decoded? If the rhino genome was successfully decoded and the part that described the rhino horn was isolated, what would the process be for creating a unicorn?

Video

Evolving English: where do new words come from?

What do you think the term Spanglish might mean? Or Chinglish? Or Franglais? Our language is constantly changing and one way in which it does so is by 'borrowing' words from other languages. In this clip, learn about our evolving language.

Video

Preserving 'Norf'k Laengwij'

Imagine living on a tiny island thousands of kilometres from the Australian mainland. Would you feel like you were part of Australia? This is the dilemma for people living on Norfolk Island, an Australian territory in the Pacific Ocean. In the past, Norfolk Islanders were expected to learn English - but, as this clip from ...

Video

Gardening verbs

Do you garden? The word 'garden' is both a noun and a verb. What other words in this video are both a noun and a verb? Can you think of some more gardening verbs?

Video

How will fire change the climate?

Considering the impact of a changing climate on the severity and frequency of fires is one thing, but how about the impact of fires on climate? Why does Professor David Bowman describe this scenario as a 'fire spiral'? What are the consequences of a world with fewer forests? As Professor Craig Allen explains, drought and ...

Video

Hinduism in Tamil dynasties

How did Hinduism come to shape India? The ancient Hindu culture influenced Indian societies through the Middle Ages and into modern times. This clip from a 1965 episode of 'University of the Air' explores the influence of Hinduism on the Tamil dynasties of the Pallavas and Cholas in southern India. This is the last clip ...

Video

Tracking heatwaves in Australia

A database tracking the last 60 or so years of heatwaves shows that they are getting longer, more frequent and more intense in Australia. In this clip, climate scientist Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick explains how and why. Overall, she describes that the biggest increase has been in the frequency of heatwaves in Australia, ...

Video

The case of the stolen letters

Join Word Squad detectives Charlie Syntax and Inspector Lexicon as they try to catch a letter thief. Mr X has been stealing letters from signs around the city. In this clip you'll see which letters have already gone and watch some letters going. Can you guess which letter will go next or work out where Charlie goes?

Video

The Go family

Have you met the Go family before? Old man Go, his wife Going and their two children, Goes and Gone, all live together with their cousin, Went. Find out what happens when Went goes away. Can the Go family live without Went?

Video

Julia Gillard: responding to tricky questions

Imagine this situation: someone is asking you difficult questions or interrogating you about your actions. How will you respond? Many people become flustered and inarticulate when under this kind of pressure. In this clip, learn a few tips from Australia's first female prime minister about 'keeping your cool'.

Video

Modernising Japan in the Meiji era

The restoration of Emperor Meiji in 1868 ushered in a period of rapid change in Japan. The country not only borrowed practices and technologies from Western countries, in less than forty years it too had become an imperialist power. This clip is fifth in a series of six.