History / Year 9 / Historical Skills / Analysis and use of sources

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Curriculum content descriptions

Evaluate the reliability and usefulness of primary and secondary sources (ACHHS171)

Elaborations
  • understanding that the reliability and usefulness of a source depends on the questions asked of it (for example, an account may be one-sided; however, it may still be useful in revealing past prevailing attitudes)
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Historical sources,  Reliability

Video

Wedding cake survives World War I

When studying history, how useful are primary sources? For example, we may know from secondary sources how valued personal effects and mementos were to soldiers fighting in trenches overseas during World War I. What is the effect of having something like this wedding cake, a primary source, to validate this proposition?

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Archaeological evidence of Chinese miners

See the rugged outback around a small Northern Territory town and hear about the people who travelled from Asia to work there. In this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters visits Pine Creek's historic goldfields and encounters traces of Chinese goldminers who worked on the remote northern ...

Interactive

Gallipoli: The First Day - app for iPad

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Online

World War I - the Western Front

In this learning activity students locate and sequence the places where Australians fought and describe the nature of warfare during the Gallipoli campaign. Students and teachers are provided with links to a rich collection of diaries, letters, maps, photographs, artworks, posters and newspapers on the Great War. Students ...

Interactive

Gallipoli: The First Day - app for Android

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Interactive

Gallipoli: The First Day

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...

Interactive

Syllabus Bites: Explore a source

This resource is a webpage with information, study guide and resources on the process of analysing and evaluating historical sources to support Stage 3, 4 and 5 HSIE and the Australian Curriculum: History.

Online

Research and adopt a veteran

This resource guides teachers through the process of researching the historical records of a Australian First World War veteran. School communities are encouraged to 'adopt' a local veteran. Part of the Bringing communities together series in response to the NSW State ANZAC Centenary.

Interactive

Moments in Time

Moments in Time is an interactive timeline presenting key events that occurred around the world between 650 and 1918 CE. This innovative digital resource enables you to see what was happening, in different locations around the world, at any moment in time – simply scroll the timeline to travel through time and explore when ...

Online

Chinese Anzacs

This is a website about the experiences of Chinese-Australian soldiers in World War I. It includes: historical facts; a collection of 12 story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and artefacts; and a Chinese Anzacs Education kit. The kit is comprehensive. The learning activities are presented in five parts, ...

Interactive

Invictus Games Sydney 2018 – HSIE/English Stage 5 – Veteran wellbeing

This Stage 5 HSIE/English resource examines Australia’s roles in war, including their involvement in WWI and WWII and highlights Australia’s role in the global context during the twentieth century. Students will examine the historical context of the wars and the perceptions that existed during the twentieth century regarding ...

Video

Governor Arthur Phillip's order to kill

How did Arthur Phillip, first governor of the colony of NSW - a man committed to peaceful and harmonious relations with Aboriginal Australians - come to authorise the first officially sanctioned killing of Aboriginal people? This clip re-enacts the fatal spearing in September 1790 of Gov. Phillip's gamekeeper John McIntyre, ...

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Caroline Chisholm's unwelcome companions

Caroline Chisholm's nerve was tested many times in Australia's harsh colonial society. Here, she first visits the building that, against all odds, she was determined to make into a much-needed home for immigrant women and girls. Watch the way she faces what she finds in this place that she had finally won from Governor ...

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The seeds of independence in British-ruled India

Discover the origins of the movement for Indian independence and the response of the British government. In this clip from a 1965 University of the Air program, Hugh Owen of the University of NSW discusses how British rule unintentionally brought about its own demise.

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The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

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Wartime letters from Afghanistan, Anzac Day 2013

It is heartbreaking to revisit letters or messages from those we have lost. Watch and listen to this ABC broadcast from the 2013 Anzac Day Dawn Service in Canberra. Victoria Cross recipient Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith reads aloud some very moving letters written by Australian soldiers in Afghanistan, along with tributes ...

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Japan's shoguns keep everyone in their places

What was the status of each social class in shogunate Japan? During the period from around 1600 to 1868, Japan was a feudal society. As in medieval Europe, each group had its place in a strict social order. Watch this clip to discover the roles of each group during the age when the Tokugawa shoguns ruled the country. This ...

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Attitudes towards Chinese miners

Why did Chinese goldminers leave the Northern Territory's Pine Creek goldfields in the early years of the 20th century? In this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters investigates how this fascinating chapter in Australia's history came to an end.

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The Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1949

How did the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme come to be Australia's greatest economic achievement in the decades following World War II? In this clip, discover what Australia hoped to accomplish through the scheme, and some of the sacrifices that were made for it. Also learn what life was like for migrants from war-devastated ...

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Charles Perkins in Moree

Australia in the 1960s was still a racially segregated country. What did Charles Perkins organise in 1965 to challenge racist attitudes and practises in regional NSW? Watch as people discuss what happened in Moree, which illustrates the division of that time, and learn about the difference Charles Perkins and his Freedom ...