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History / Year 7 / Historical Skills / Analysis and use of sources

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Draw conclusions about the usefulness of sources (ACHHS211)

Elaborations
  • recognising that, while evidence may be limited for a particular group of people, such evidence can provide useful insights into the power structures of a society
  • distinguishing between a fact (for example, ‘some gladiators wore helmets’) and an opinion (for example, ‘all gladiators were brave’)
  • using strategies to detect whether a statement is fact or opinion, including word choices that may indicate an opinion is being offered (for example, the use of conditionals might, could, and other words such as believe, think, suggests)
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Historical sources,  Judgement

Video

Why did people leave the Indus Valley?

Discover an ancient Indian civilisation that was excavated less than a century ago. This clip focuses on archaeological sources from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa and discusses theories about why these ancient cities were deserted around 1600 BCE. This clip is the last in a series of four.

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Always check your sources

What better place can you imagine for a Library of Knowledge, where the answers to all questions can be found, than beneath the paws of the Sphinx? Sounds perfect. But how reliable are your sources of information? Make up your own mind as you watch this clip about ancient Egypt's legendary hall of records.

Video

Ashoka the peace man

Discover a ruler of ancient India who abandoned violent conquest and bloodshed in favour of peace and respect for all living things, as taught by the Buddha. This clip examines evidence for a remarkable change in the life of Ashoka, the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in ancient India. This clip is second in a series of four.

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Archaeology unearths a mass-murder site

Discover a historic site that could reveal new evidence of the first recorded mass murder on Australian soil. The site is Beacon Island, a small island off the coast of Western Australia near present-day Geraldton. In this clip, reporter Mark Bennett visits the island with two members of a 1963 expedition that first investigated ...

Video

Weather and war: the Kokoda Trail, 1942

The Kokoda Campaign was tough. The terrain was steep, the vegetation dense and the enemy close at hand and unseen. And then there was the weather! In this clip from the Weather Quarter, find out how the weather in the winter of 1942 influenced the outcome of one of Australia's most challenging military operations.

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The fight to save Kelly's Bush

Discover why a determined group of residents in one of Sydney's wealthier suburbs stood up to their local council, the New South Wales government and a big property developer. This ABC report explores the controversy surrounding the planned development of Kelly's Bush, situated beside Sydney Harbour at Woolwich, and the ...

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The seeds of independence in British-ruled India

Discover the origins of the movement for Indian independence and the response of the British government. In this clip from a 1965 University of the Air program, Hugh Owen of the University of NSW discusses how British rule unintentionally brought about its own demise.

Video

Outback House - summer recreation

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like a real station of the 1860s. Have some cool summer fun with the children and station hands. ...

Video

Ashoka the Great is for real

Imagine the excitement of discovering evidence that a great ancient ruler, whose story was believed to be a legend, was in fact a real historical figure. This clip looks at the Mauryan Empire in ancient India and the reign of Ashoka the Great, one of the most remarkable rulers in world history. This clip is the first in ...

Video

Sweet, merry and bright Danish Christmas delights

How did people from Denmark celebrate Christmas in 1983? Kirsten and her mother cook traditional Danish biscuits and a special rice pudding with a hidden surprise. See how a Danish family might decorate their home for Christmas. Can you tell that this film was made a long time ago?

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Surf story

Imagine riding a big wave on a surfboard back in the days when surfboard riding was the newest craze to hit Australia. At that time, many teenagers believed that surfing represented a whole new way of life. This Four Corners program from the early 1960s investigates the impact of the rise of the surfboard and surfing culture ...

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The old australian record industry

Discover a time in Australia's past when the vinyl record industry was thriving. Today you can download your choice of music at almost any time or place. But in this clip from 1963 you will experience life before music downloads and compact discs (CDs): the age of vinyl records. These records created a teenage mass market ...

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The road to the fall of Singapore, 1939-42

Imagine a situation in which your country's safety was based on a myth. From September 1939, Britain and Australia were at war with Nazi Germany. Meanwhile, Japan had been invading China since 1932. Discover why Australians believed that, if Japan threatened Australia, our country could not be invaded because Singapore ...

Video

Rosh Hashanah: Tashlikh

Have you ever done something that you thought was wrong? If so, what did you do about it? Most religions teach about what they see as right behaviour and wrong behaviour. Many of these religions expect or suggest that their followers who have done wrong to do certain things that will help them become better people. Explore ...

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Rise of a media mogul: Rupert Murdoch, 1967

What does it take to become a media mogul? The name of Rupert Murdoch, one of Australia's most successful businesspeople, has been a significant feature of the media industry since the early 1950s. In this clip, listen to Murdoch explain his plans to expand his media holdings across Australia and see how he was perceived ...

Video

World War I: the dead man's penny

Imagine the feelings of a family when they learn of the death of a son during World War I. How might they react to receiving a giant penny for a life sacrificed? This ABC Open program explores the role of the 'dead man's penny', the token given by the British government to many families of British and Commonwealth troops ...

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Wedding cake survives World War I

When studying history, how useful are primary sources? For example, we may know from secondary sources how valued personal effects and mementos were to soldiers fighting in trenches overseas during World War I. What is the effect of having something like this wedding cake, a primary source, to validate this proposition?

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Making a successful life on the land

Joseph Bowman and his wife chose to leave their home in England to settle in far away Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania). Their story is told in a TV series called The Colonials. Actor Brian Young, who plays Mr Bowman in the series, explains some of the history behind the TV show. This clip is one in a series of four.

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Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...

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What letters and land titles tell us of the past

How do historians determine whether information about the early years of colonial life in Australia is reliable? Many official and personal documents have survived to tell us about this period in Australia's history. Listen to a diary account about a surgeon (doctor) visiting sick convict labourers in chains. This clip ...