Chinese / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise that characters are the written representation of spoken Chinese and the morphological nature of Chinese words (ACLCHU123)

  • discussing the range of strokes and the construction of characters, and applying this understanding to differentiate between similar character forms, such as (sun) and (eye)
  • copying characters with attention to the location, direction and order of strokes
  • learning the sound and meaning of commonly seen basic characters (独体字) and components (部件), such as (tree) and (person), and making connections between basic characters and their bound forms (非成字), such as and
  • identifying components and their various forms in different locations within characters, for example, 人 、 从 、 合; 心 、 情 、 思
  • learning that Chinese words are made up of two or more characters, with each character contributing meaning to the word, for example, 大人 (literally ‘big person’) means ‘adult’
  • recognising key morphemes in word groups, for example, 白天、白雪、小白兔
  • identifying meanings of each syllable such as in xuéshēng, xuéxiào of Chinese words encountered
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Morphemes,  Chinese languages,  Chinese characters

Interactive Resource

CanUHanyu: play and practise Chinese

CanUHanyu is a suite of interactive games based on a dictionary of 1500 Chinese words and expressions. Two game speeds encourage speed recognition of characters as well as accuracy. Users can choose to play one of the six levels with up to three topics from a list of topics that include 'My study set' and 'Recently incorrect'. ...

Interactive resource

Kanji whiz: balloon

Explore three structures of kanji. Classify kanji appearing on a series of balloons and stamp each kanji according to its structure. Build your knowledge of kanji components and structures by checking meanings and spoken readings. Play the challenge game and sort kanji by structure. This learning object is the first in ...

Teacher resource

What's in a name? Chinese rivers, cities and provinces

This is an online resource about the location and the meaning of the names of Chinese provinces, cities and natural features. The resource is a worksheet with two main learning tasks: locating the names of provinces, cities and natural features on a map of China; and translating the meaning of the names. The resource has ...

Interactive resource

Matching characters: match it: A [Chinese]

Look at sets of similar Chinese characters. Pair up the characters that match exactly. Notice that when characters look alike, they often have related meanings. Spot the subtle differences in strokes that form the different characters. Build your knowledge of simple characters by checking meanings and spoken examples. This ...

Interactive Resource

Free Chinese essentials by AccelaStudy

This is a free iPad app that allows users to study and test Chinese vocabulary categorised by topics. The app is designed to help users understand and pronounce new Chinese words quickly and easily and offers several display options, including simplified and traditional Chinese characters, supported by audio and/or Pinyin ...


Ordinal numbers 1st-10th

This collection of digital and printable resources introduces the ordinal numbers first to tenth. It provides drills for pronunciation and written reproduction, with a focus on differentiating the use of feminine and masculine nouns. Translations, solutions and vocabulary flashcards are also provided. This is section 10 ...

Moving Image

Leadership and Chinese language: working together

This National Asian Languages and Studies in Schools Program (NALSSP) resource is a short online video showing how a teacher of Chinese language in primary school used ICT to promote parent participation in Chinese language learning as well as engaged students and colleagues. Supported by the Leadership team, she introduced ...

Interactive Resource

Chinese writer for iPad

This is an iPad app featuring a free interactive tutorial that shows how to write 25 simplified Chinese characters using basic strokes, starting with a single stroke character and progressing to multistroke characters. Each character is supported by Pinyin, which indicates the tone as a number, as well as a written translation ...


Impact of Web 2.0 technologies in Asian LOTE classrooms: ICT professional development project

This online PDF resource is an evaluation report of the National Asian Languages and Studies in Schools Program (NALSSP) ICT Professional Development Project (ICTPD). This cross-sectoral research project, led by DEECD, trialled the use of Web 2.0 and other forms of ICT in LOTE classrooms for Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese ...

Interactive Resource

Easy Chinese writing

This is an iPad app featuring two free interactive tutorials that show how to write the simplified Chinese characters for some numbers and quantifiers, as well as 17 characters associated with nature. Both tutorials include compound words made from the characters with examples of how they are used in complete sentences. ...

Interactive Resource

Real Chinese - Games - Character game

This is a game for learning how to write Chinese characters. The game has a link where users can learn to write each character first by seeing how each stroke is written and have a practise as well. The characters in the game are accompanied with a Pinyin and English translation as well as the option to listen to each character ...

Teacher resource

Real Chinese - Mini-guides - Chinese characters

This is a mini-guide with a linked game to the use of characters in Chinese. The resource provides detailed explanations on what characters are, the importance they play in Chinese culture, and the change from traditional to simplified characters. It demonstrates how characters have derived from pictographs and evolved ...