Close message Scootle has scheduled maintenance from 1:00 pm to 2:00 pm on 7 Oct 2021. You may experience intermittent connection at this time.

German / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Develop knowledge of elements of the German grammatical system, including gender and number, nominative and accusative cases, present tense of regular and some irregular verbs, personal pronouns, possessive adjectives and word order, to describe people, objects, actions, events and relationships

[Key concepts: grammar features and structures, tenses, gender, syntax; Key processes: noticing patterns, making connections, applying]

 (ACLGEU013)

Elaborations
  • understanding that German has multiple words for ‘the’ and ‘a/an’ according to the gender of the relevant noun, and noticing that the articles for masculine nouns sometimes change (nominative to accusative), for example, Die Frau hat einen BMW.; Der Film hat ein Happy End
  • comparing pluralisation of nouns in German and English, for example, die for plural nouns
  • using post-nominal (predicative) adjectives, for example, Unsere Deutschlehrerin ist intelligent.; Die Berge in Österreich sind sehr schön.; Meine Augen sind blau.
  • noticing the relationship between gender, article, adjective and case when using pre-nominal (attributive) adjectives to describe people, objects, places and events, for example, Ich habe einen kleinen Bruder.
  • noticing that as well as the articles (for masculine nouns), some pronouns change after certain verbs (accusative direct object), for example, Wir sehen heute den Film.; Es gibt einen neuen Schüler in Klasse 8A.; Ich mag dich.
  • noticing that articles and pronouns change after particular prepositions (dative), such as those associated with location and destination, for example, Wir sind in der Stadt.; Die Party ist im Garten.; Wie kommst du zur Schule?
  • using common prepositional phrases formulaically, for example, nach Hause, zu Hause
  • using personal pronouns to refer to people and things, for example, Was kostet die App? Sie kostet… .
  • understanding the three German pronouns for ‘you’ (du/ihr/Sie) and when to use them
  • expressing a relationship to a person or object using some possessive adjectives in the nominative and accusative case, for example, Seine Familie kommt aus Afrika.; Ich liebe meinen Hund .
  • recognising that in German a subject + verb can have multiple English translations, for example, wir spielen can mean ‘we play’, ‘we are playing’, ‘we do play’, ‘we shall/will play’ and ‘we’re going to play’, and applying this understanding when formulating own German sentences
  • understanding the concept of regular and irregular verbs (spielen and lesen) and noticing that this is a feature of both German and English (and other languages, such as French, Italian and Spanish)
  • conjugating the present tense of regular verbs and some common irregular verbs, including sein and haben
  • understanding structures to express likes, dislikes and preferences, for example, Ich mag Tennis. Ich spiele nicht gern Fuβball. Ich spiele lieber Kricket.
  • using common modal verbs such as können to describe capabilities (Ich kann gut schwimmen., and Ich möchte and Darf ich… ?) or to make polite requests
  • gaining awareness of a limited number of routine past tense expressions including some with war and hatte and the present perfect, for example, Sabine war gestern krank. Das hat Spaβ gemacht. Habt ihr ein schönes Wochenende gehabt?
  • negating verbs and adjectives using nicht and nouns using kein/e, for example, Nein, Marcus hat keine Geschwister.
  • describing frequency using adverbs and adverbial expressions such as oft, manchmal, jeden Tag, ab und zu, nie
  • understanding the subject-verb-object (SVO) word order, for example, Ich spiele Basketball., and the need for subject-verb inversion to keep the verb as the second idea/element in the sentence, for example, Heute Abend spiele ich Basketball.
  • joining words, phrases and sentences using the coordinating conjunctions und, oder, aber
  • understanding how to form a question, using subject-verb inversion, for example, Hast du Geschwister? and with interrogatives such as wann, was, wer, wie, wie viel, wie viele, wo, woher, warum, welche(-r/s/n) and wohin
  • locating people, places and objects using adverbs such as rechts, links, oben, unten, hier, dort
  • using ordinal numbers to give the date or a birthday, for example, Heute ist der erste Ma.i; Seine Mutter hat am 22. April Geburtstag.
  • understanding and locating events in time (days, months, seasons), including the use of the 24-hour clock, prepositions such as nach and vor, and adverbs and formulaic expressions such as heute, vorgestern, früher, später, am Wochenende, in den Ferien
  • referring to quantities of people and things, including money, using cardinal numbers up to a billion, as well as decimals, common fractions and negative numbers, for example, Deutschland hat 81,9 Millionen Einwohner.; Die Tagestemperatur liegt bei minus 3 Grad.; Ich habe eine Halbschwester.
  • building metalanguage to comment on grammar and vocabulary (for example, Nomen, Verben, Zahlen, Fragewörter, groβ/klein schreiben), comparing with equivalent English terms
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Grammar,  German language

Refine by resource type

Refine by year level


Refine by learning area


Refine by topic

Related topic
Text

Best friends

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces ways of describing best friends and using time adverbs such as soon, later, today, tonight and tomorrow to say when people are arriving. It focuses on using the expressions 'il mio migliore amico' or 'la mia migliore amica' and developing their use in simple ...

Text

Colours: describing hair and eyes

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces the words for colours, and the functions to describe people's hair and eyes. It focuses on core questions and answers: 'Come sono i tuoi capelli - i tuoi occhi?', 'Ho i capelli - gli occhi ...' and 'Com'è ...?' Translations, solutions and hints throughout ...

Text

Expressions

This collection of digital and printable resources introduces some core expressions like 'delizioso', 'attento', 'aiuto' and 'guarda'. It focuses on the expressions in isolation as well as in simple scenarios. Translations and solutions are also provided. This is section 22 of 36 from Languages online Italian resources, ...

Text

Ordinal numbers 1st-10th

This collection of digital and printable resources introduces the ordinal numbers first to tenth. It provides drills for pronunciation and written reproduction, with a focus on differentiating the use of feminine and masculine nouns. Translations, solutions and vocabulary flashcards are also provided. This is section 10 ...

Text

Introductory food vocabulary

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian language curriculum focusing on what foods and drinks people like most, eat at mealtimes, and buy and cook, and on common instructions in recipes. It introduces the words for many foods and drinks, and words and expressions used for mealtimes. ...

Text

Stationery items

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian curriculum that introduces how to name, describe and share common classroom stationery items, and how to say how much they cost in euros. It focuses on simple descriptive texts (for example, 'La penna è rossa'), and on the questions 'Mi ...

Text

Visting family: near and far

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces ways of saying who you are going to visit, and whether places are far or near, with emphasis on core expressions such as 'chi vai a trovare?' and 'vado a trovare ...' It builds on learners' pronunciation skills with drills based on simple exchanges and provides ...

Text

Clothes

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian language curriculum that introduces how to name and describe basic items of clothing, and how to say what someone is wearing using the verbs 'portare' and 'indossare'. It focuses on the use of definite and indefinite articles (inclusive ...

Text

Revision: introductions, descriptions, addresses

This set of interactive and printable resources provides an overview and summary of the vocabulary and language functions to introduce and describe people, including name, surname, age, address, favourite pet and colour. It provides a variety of descriptive texts, including ID cards and presentations. Translations, solutions ...

Text

Favourite pastimes and pets

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces ways of making invitations and suggestions, and describing favourite games, sports and pets. It focuses on the core questions 'Cosa ne dice se ...?' and 'Cosa possiamo fare?', and uses a variety of hobbies ('calcio', 'al computer') associated with verb 'giocare'. ...

Text

Italian: units 1-12

These lesson plans, introduced by an overview mapping document, are twelve progressive units of work that constitute a beginner course in Italian, covering themes such as salutations, introductions, celebrations, family and friends, simple transactions, weather, clothing, likes and dislikes, hobbies and favourite pets. ...

Interactive

Molto bene - app for iPad

The Molto Bene app provides over 60 interactive lessons based on real life situations (eg. meeting new people, dining out, shopping), and includes some of the most common words and phrases, with audio-visual support, and most common verb conjugations. It is divided in three categories, beginner, intermediate and advanced. ...

Interactive

Italian-English free dictionary - app for Android

The Italian-English free dictionary app is an interactive searchable dictionary tool, which provides translations for over 34,000 words and expressions, and includes usage examples, audio pronuciation, verb conjugator, a travel phrasebook and a quiz generator to assess own progress. The app also features a text-to-speech ...

Text

Italian: units 13-24

These lesson plans, introduced by an overview mapping document, are twelve progressive units of work that constitute a beginner to intermediate course in Italian, covering themes such as the school system, describing people, literature, weather reports, cities, the planetary system, immigration, time and money. The plans ...