German / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Extend grammatical knowledge, including of cases, demonstrative and interrogative adjectives, prepositions, common subordinating conjunctions, and past and future tenses, to describe, situate and link people, objects and events in time and place

[Key concepts: grammatical systems, connections, syntax; Key processes: applying, analysing, describing]

 (ACLGEU030)

Elaborations
  • specifying a person, object or place using knowledge of the German case system (nominative, accusative and dative), and using definite and indefinite articles, personal pronouns (including man), and possessive, demonstrative and interrogative adjectives such as ihr, sein, unser, dieser, jeder and welcher
  • noticing use of the genitive case mainly in written texts, for example, Deutschlands Schulen, die Rolle der Frau, der Gebrauch des Genitivs
  • understanding the relationship between gender, article and case and the adjectival ending when describing people, objects, places and events, for example, Mein Freund hat lange, schwarze Haare und trägt einen kleinen Ohrring.; Es gibt kein groβes Einkaufszentrum in dieser Stadt.
  • selecting the correct personal pronoun for ‘it’ (er/sie/es; ihn) for objects, for example, Woher hast du den Hut? Er ist sehr schön. Ich habe ihn bei … gekauft.
  • comparing the meanings and use of the German modal verbs with their English equivalents, for example, Wir müssen eine Schuluniform tragen. Man darf hier nicht essen. Du musst das nicht essen.
  • describing current, recurring and future actions using regular, irregular, modal, separable and inseparable verbs, for example, Er sieht viel fern.; Ich muss meine Hausaufgaben machen.; Morgen ist unser letzter Schultag. Wir werden nächstes Jahr in der 11. Klasse sein.
  • describing past events and experiences in the present perfect and/or simple past tense using a limited range of common verbs, for example, Ich bin gestern Skateboard gefahren.; Als Kind trank ich gern Milch.
  • using reflexive verbs in present tense with their appropriate reflexive pronouns to describe daily routines and express emotions and interests, for example, Ich dusche mich morgens.; Interessierst du dich für Geschichte?; Wir freuen uns auf die Ferien.; Erinnerst du dich an … ?
  • noticing that some verbs can be combined with a separable or inseparable prefix which alters the meaning, for example, Er kommt um 17.15 Uhr.; Kommst du mit?; Ich bekomme manchmal Geld zum Geburtstag.
  • understanding and giving instructions, applying the different forms for single/plural addressees and informal/formal register, for example, Mach dein Buch zu, Angela! Freunde, helft mir! Hilf mir! Machen Sie das Fenster bitte zu, Frau Berger!
  • linking and sequencing events and ideas using a range of cohesive devices, including adverbs (dann, früher, danach, vorher) and common subordinating conjunctions (als, dass, obwohl, wenn, weil), usually with the subordinate clause after the main clause
  • expressing opinions using, for example, meiner Meinung nach; Ich glaube, dass ... ; Wir sind dagegen/dafür, denn ...
  • asking and answering questions using a range of interrogatives, including warum to elicit reasons and wozu to clarify purpose
  • understanding and applying the ‘verb as second element’ and ‘subject-time-object-manner-place’ (STOMP) word order rules for main clauses and realising that German word order is flexible, allowing other elements apart from the subject to begin the sentence, for example, Langsam verstehe ich mehr Deutsch.; In der Schule gibt es viele Umweltaktionen.
  • understanding and using dative and accusative prepositions with their core meanings, for example, Ich komme aus Australien.; Das Eis ist für mich.; Der Junge geht zum Bahnhof.
  • understanding the meaning of and using ‘two-way‘ prepositions (Wechselpräpositionen), for example, Wir gehen ins Kino.; Sie wohnen in der Schweiz.
  • making comparisons using a range of structures, for example, Ich esse lieber Salat als Fleisch. Welches Auto ist am sichersten?; Kaffee ist nicht so gesund wie Wasser. using appropriate units of measurement, for example, for height/length, area, time and velocity (Meter, Kilometer; Quadratmeter, Quadratkilometer; Jahrzehnt, Jahrhundert, Jahrtausend; Stundenkilometer)
  • extending metalanguage to communicate in German and English about case, word order, verb tenses and moods (for example, Dativ, Wechselpräpositionen, das Imperfekt, der Imperativ, Hilfsverben, trennbare Verben)
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Tense (Grammar),  Prepositions,  German language,  Demonstratives,  Interrogatives,  Conjunctions

Interactive resource

Zou ba! My house: rooms and places

Explore the names for rooms in a house. Find out how to ask and answer questions about where people and furniture are within a house. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Arabic/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Arabic or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of ...

Interactive Resource

Vocabolario

This is a collection of interactive Italian language vocabulary drills that focus on essential nouns, verbs and adjectives from topics such as personal identity, ordinal numbers, school, family and friends. It is divided into five chapters that relate to the textbook 'Prego', but can also be used as a stand-alone resource, ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Dari/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dari or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the recount. ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: Manly excursion [Arabic/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Arabic or English about a class excursion by train and ferry to Manly Beach, Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in Arabic. See photos of the people and places the class saw on their excursion, including a street performer, Circular Quay, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, ...

Interactive Resource

Verbi

This is a collection of Italian language resources focusing on the formation and use of regular verbs with the endings '-are', '-ire' and '-ere'; auxiliary verbs ('avere' and 'essere'); and other common irregular verbs in the present, gerund and present perfect tenses. It includes modal verbs, idiomatic expressions with ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: Manly excursion [Dari/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dari or English about a class excursion by train and ferry to Manly Beach, Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in Dari. See photos of the people and places the class saw on their excursion, including a street performer, Circular Quay, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Manly ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Arabic/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Arabic or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Dinka/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Dinka or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your ...

Text

Rooms and furniture

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian language curriculum that focuses on how to describe rooms, furniture and family activities and to say where common objects are using adverbs such as 'davanti' and 'dietro' and prepositions such as 'su' and 'tra'. It provides opportunities ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Dinka/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dinka or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of ...

Interactive resource

Zou ba! My house: locating objects

Find out how to tell someone where to put an object in a house. Explore the location words: shàngmian (on), xiàmian (under), lǐmian (in), pángbiān (next to, beside), hòumian (behind) and qiánmian (in front of). This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Interactive resource

Zou ba! School: locations around the school

Find out how to describe the location of people, rooms or buildings at a school. Identify directions in relation to school buildings or areas. For example, tell someone that a classroom is opposite the library. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Text

The present perfect

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian language curriculum that introduces the present perfect of regular and irregular verbs, and its use in recounting recent events. It includes sections on regular verbs with 'avere', irregular past participles, verbs with 'essere' and reflexive ...

Interactive Resource

La mappa misteriosa: episode 11 - vocabulary and grammar

This is a set of interactive tutorials and activities that introduce the Italian language and expressions at the centre of episode 11 of 'La mappa misteriosa'. They cover words used in hotels and resorts; and the verb 'andare' in isolation as well as used with location adverbs ('sopra', 'sotto', 'dentro', 'fuori') and with ...

Interactive Resource

La mappa misteriosa: episode 2 - vocabulary and grammar

This is a collection of interactive tutorials and activities that focus on the Italian vocabulary and grammar at the centre of episode 2 of 'La mappa misteriosa'. They cover the words for nationalities and rooms in a house; the numbers six to ten; and the rules of formation and use for 'questo' and 'questa', 'il', 'lo' ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Dari/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Dari or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your understanding ...

Interactive Resource

Preposizioni

This is a set of four interactive Italian language activities about prepositions, both simple and articulated. There is an introduction page with a summary table about how simple prepositions blend with the definite articles. A translation exercise concludes the section. The quizzes provide hints and a scoring system.

Moving Image

La mappa misteriosa: episode 11 - Extra room

This is episode 11 of 'La mappa misteriosa', a 12-episode video series for Italian language students. This episode focuses on expressing where people are and where they are going, and making simple complaints about rooms and other facilities. The episode takes place at an Italian 'agriturismo', which is a farm tourist resort ...

Moving Image

La mappa misteriosa: episode 12 - Dream ticket

This is episode 12 of 'La mappa misteriosa', a 12-episode video series for Italian language students. It is the last episode of the story and introduces the language required to purchase tickets and to talk about arrivals and departures, along with a revision of the core vocabulary and grammar developed throughout the 12 ...