Indonesian / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Develop knowledge of me- verb rules and how to link and extend ideas such as by using adverbs and cohesive devices

[Key concept: system, affixation; Key processes: applying rules, understanding]


  • identifying people (for example, teman, teman gaul, kenalan) and their occupations, for example, pembantu, penyanyi, tukang kayu, dokter gigi
  • naming a range of animals, for example, binatang peliharaan, kelinci
  • describing qualities of people using adjectives of character and appearance, for example, setia, keren, sabar, optimis
  • describing qualities of things using adjectives, for example, bertingkat dua, lama
  • indicating quantity using juta
  • identifying things using concrete nouns, for example, sawah, gunung api, hutan
  • creating nouns, for example, makan-an, minum-an, masak-an, baca-an
  • describing actions using me- verbs, for example, Saya selalu menikmati cerita horor
  • creating distance between actor, action and objects using object-focus construction, for example, Mobil barunya dicuri tadi malam
  • indicating negation, for example, jangan, tidak sama sekali
  • referring to past and future using time indicators, for example, tadi pagi, nanti malam, sebelum, sesudah, kemudian, lalu
  • seeking information using a range of questions, for example, bagaimana, dari mana, apakah, kapan, mengapa, sudah pernah?
  • describing frequency using adverbs, for example, jarang, setiap, pernah, selalu
  • creating cohesion using conjunctions, for example, supaya, walaupun
  • adding further information using embedded clauses with yang
  • accepting or declining invitations, for example, mau ikut, maaf, sayang
  • well-wishing, for example, mudah-mudahan, semoga
  • comparing and contrasting, for example, paling, ter-, dibandingkan dengan…
  • expressing opinions, for example, dari pihak saya…
  • expressing emotions, for example, -wah, sayang, asyik, hebat, siip, seru
  • describing state of actions, for example, sudah, belum, pernah
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Verbs,  Adverbs,  Prepositions,  Indonesian language,  Prefixes

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