Indonesian / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Role of language and culture

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand that language is not neutral and that its use reflects cultural ideas, assumptions and perspectives

[Key concept: interdependence; Key processes: analysing, interpreting, reflecting]


  • analysing culture-specific values reflected in Indonesian language such as respect for diversity, social justice and social responsibility (for example, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, gotong-royong, budi pekerti, selamatan), and comparing these values to those evident in own language and culture
  • analysing the meaning and nuances of culture-specific descriptions such as ramai, sepi, gemuk, rendah hati
  • recognising that there are culture-specific meanings associated with body language, for example, hands on hips suggests arrogance and aggression; the use of words like kita shows inclusiveness while kalau saya tidak salah shows humility
  • examining cultural representation in the Indonesian language system, such as the gender-neutral terms (for example, dia, pacar), the omission of personal pronouns, particularly saya (for example, Bisa datang ke rumah?), and the use of cardinal directions, for example, utara, selatan, timur, barat
  • recognising that language and cultural practices are interconnected, and that expressions with religious origins or connotations are commonplace, for example, selamat, Salam, Astaga, OMG, Asslam Walaikum, Insyah Allah
  • investigating and using language associated with significant cultural practices and events such as celebrations, for example, Selamat Hari Kemerdekaaan (Indonesian Independence Day), Maaf lahir batin (Ramadan), Panjang umurnya (birthdays), Selamat Hari Raya Nyepi (Balinese New Year)
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Culture,  Indonesian language

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